Gramos (Albanian: Gramoz, Mali i Gramozit; Aromanian: Gramosta, Gramusta; Greek: Γράμος or Γράμμος) is a mountain range on the border of Albania and Greece. The mountain is part of the northern Pindus mountain range. Its highest peak, at the border of Albania and Greece, is 2,520 m (8,268 ft).[1] The region is inhabited by Albanians, Aromanians and Greeks.[citation needed]

The south face of the mountain
Highest point
Elevation2,520 m (8,270 ft)[1]
Coordinates40°20′54″N 20°46′46″E / 40.34833°N 20.77944°E / 40.34833; 20.77944Coordinates: 40°20′54″N 20°46′46″E / 40.34833°N 20.77944°E / 40.34833; 20.77944
PronunciationAlbanian pronunciation: [ˈɡɾamɔs]
Greek: [ˈɣramos]
Gramos is located in Greece
Location in Greece
Gramos is located in Albania
Gramos (Albania)
LocationSoutheastern Albania, northwestern Greece

The brown bear occurs in the region.[2]


The Gramos is situated on the borders of the Kolonjë district of Albania and the Ioannina and Kastoria regional units of Greece. Three ridges join at its highest peak, running towards the north, southwest, and east. The Gramos is drained towards the west by the river Osum, towards the northwest by the Devoll, towards the northeast by the Aliakmonas and towards the south by the Sarantaporos. The Gramos is very sparsely populated, the only sizable town being Ersekë (Albania) at its western foot. Other villages in the mountains are Gramos (northeast), Aetomilitsa (southeast), Starje (west) and Plikati (south). Nearby mountain ranges are the Smolikas to the south, Voio to the east, and Ostrovicë to the northwest.


The mountain was a major communist stronghold in the Greek Civil War.[citation needed] The provisional democratic government (i.e. the communist government) had its headquarters in the vicinity.[citation needed] It fell to the national government only in 1949, bringing the near conclusion of the Greek Civil war since after its fall only isolated pockets were left in communist control.[citation needed] The mountain still has live minefields from the civil war despite decades of demining and access to parts of the mountain is perilous.[citation needed]

See alsoEdit


  1. ^ a b
  2. ^ IUCN, European Green Belt. "The Green Belt of Europe From Vision to Reality" (PDF). p. 80. Archived from the original (PDF) on 2015-10-18. Retrieved 2018-07-15.

External linksEdit

  • Greek Mountain Flora