Guitar Craft

Summary

Guitar Craft (GC) was a series of guitar and personal-development classes, founded and often presented by Robert Fripp, who is best known for his work with the rock band King Crimson. Guitar Craft courses introduced students to new standard tuning and ergonomic playing with the plectrum (pick), often using steel-stringed, acoustic, shallow-body guitars from the Ovation Guitar Company.

The knotwork symbol of Guitar Craft (Courtesy of Steve Ball)

By 2011, three thousand students had completed the courses. Students who continue to practise Guitar Craft playing have been called "crafties". Notable crafties include Trey Gunn and the California Guitar Trio (all four of whom, with Fripp, constituted The Robert Fripp String Quintet) and Markus Reuter. Crafties have recorded several albums under the name of "Robert Fripp and the League of Crafty Guitarists", for example.

After 25 years, the Guitar Craft movement transformed its activities into Guitar Circles, which offer introductory courses and performances in Europe and the Americas. Guitar Circles meet in many cities; in particular, The Seattle Guitar Circle meets for practices and performances and also sponsors a school.

CoursesEdit

 
The first Guitar Craft course began on 25 March 1985 at the Claymont Court site in Charles Town, West Virginia.[1][2]

Fripp's Guitar Craft courses were first offered by the American Society for Continuous Education, near the Claymont Court site in Charles Town, West Virginia.[1][2][3] Guitar Craft stated that it offers ways to develop relationships with the guitar, music, and oneself.[4][5]

New standard tuningEdit

 
The open-string notes of new standard tuning.
Play

GC popularized New Standard Tuning (NST), Fripp's guitar tuning using the notes (C2 G2 D3 A3 E4 G4 low to high). Learning NST enabled guitarists to experience playing the guitar as a beginner, albeit usually a sophisticated beginner. At Guitar Craft seminars and courses, students work exclusively in NST. For new GC students, NST is unfamiliar, and so all students have the same experience of renewing their guitar playing while having difficulty adjusting previous habits.[6]

Guitar Craft courses welcomed students with no previous experience of guitar playing, although most students had been playing for at least two years, so that they had sufficient musculature.[7] Fripp has stated that previous experiences sometimes burdened players with bad habits and inappropriate expectations.[4]

Picking and fretting handsEdit

For the level-one GC course, the curriculum offers seven primary exercises. The first primary exercise for the left hand is followed by the second primary exercise for the right hand, which teaches alternate picking.[7]

Alternate and cross pickingEdit

The guitar pick (plectrum) is held between the thumb and the index finger.[8][9][10] The thumb is not bent forward at the first digit from the tip.[8] Rather the thumb is brought to the index finger by its lowest joint, which maintains the convexity of the thumb's ball at the base of the hand; a collapsed thumb-ball signals improper technique. The four fingers point towards the elbow. The other three fingers curl inwards in a relaxed position, supporting the index finger, each successively supporting its predecessor.[9] Holding the pick in this manner relaxes the hand, arm, and shoulder, allowing playing without tension.[11] For a single note, the string is struck by only the tip of the triangular GC pick, with the force orthogonal to the string and the pick tangent to the string. The pick-string contact takes place above the sound-hole.[8]

In the fundamental technique, the picking hand is suspended above the strings and moves over the strings without pivoting on the ball of the hand or touching the strings or bridge. Holding the pick in this manner promotes relaxation from the fingers to the back, and it also facilitates the alternate picking of single strings and the cross picking among several strings.[11][12][13] Fripp, who is known for his cross-picking,[14][15][16] teaches the technique in Guitar Craft.[17] Fripp's cross-picking has influenced many other guitarists, particularly in progressive rock.[18] The fourth primary exercise introduces cross picking.[19]

Fretting handEdit

For the fretting hand, the technique is close to the left-hand technique of Spanish classical guitar. The thumb is placed in the middle of the back of the neck, not over the back of the neck (to finger bass strings).[20]

GuitarsEdit

 
Shallow-bodied Ovation guitars have been recommended in Guitar Craft.

Fripp recommended that students adopt the Ovation 1867 Legend steel-string guitar, which had a shallow body.[5][21][22] "Fripp liked the way the Ovation 1867 fitted against his body, which made it possible for him to assume the right-arm picking position he had developed using electric guitars over the years; on deeper-bodied guitars, the Frippian arm position is impossible without uncomfortable contortions", according to Tamm.[21] While the 1867 Legend is no longer manufactured, it influenced the design of the Guitar Craft Pro Model of Guitar Craft Guitars, which has been endorsed by Fripp.[22] Besides the Ovation 1867 Legend, other Ovation shallow-body guitars are widely used in Guitar Craft and recommended for use in related performing groups, such as the Guitar Circle of Europe. The Ovation's truss rod can offset the increased tension of the NST strings, protecting the neck from bending.

Personal developmentEdit

 
Robert Fripp introduces Guitar Craft students to the morning practice of relaxed sitting.

Guitar Craft aimed at personal development, not only through guitar playing and music appreciation, but also through improved living. Students were offered instruction in practices such as relaxed sitting,[23] T'ai chi ch'uan, and the Alexander Technique. These practices are valuable especially for guitarists, who practice for at least an hour daily and therefore benefit from a stable and comfortable posture. While relaxed sitting has been practiced in Hinduism and Buddhism, the GC practice of relaxed sitting is pursued without reference to any religious tradition. Participants are encouraged to think critically and particularly to feel free to decline any practice as they see fit.[4]

Crafty guitaristsEdit

Courses take place regularly in Latin America, North America, and Europe. By 2011, three thousand students had completed courses.[2] Students who have completed a GC course and who continue GC practices are called "crafty guitarists" or "crafties". Notable crafties include Trey Gunn and the California Guitar Trio, who joined Fripp in forming the Robert Fripp String Quintet. GC-related Guitar Circles and other ensembles perform in Europe, the USA, Argentina, and Mexico.[citation needed]

League of Crafty GuitaristsEdit

GC's official performance ensemble has been The League of Crafty Guitarists.[24][25] Robert Fripp and the League of Crafty Guitarists has released several albums,[26][27] via Discipline Global Mobile.[28] The League of Crafty Guitarists has been directed by Hernán Nuñez since 2002; Nuñez, a long-time instructor of GC, is one of the developers of the Guitar Craft Pro Model, whose design has been influenced by that of the Ovation Legend.[22] For organizational logos, Guitar Craft and the League of Crafty Guitarists use a knotwork design, which was inspired by the red knotwork design appearing on later covers of the Discipline album by King Crimson; both designs were made by Steve Ball.[29][30][31]

AlumniEdit

 
Warr-guitarist Trey Gunn studied with Robert Fripp in Guitar Craft, before joining King Crimson.

The Guitar-Craft experience and the League of Crafty Guitarists trained guitarists who went on to form new bands, such as the California Guitar Trio[32] and Trey Gunn; the California Guitar Trio and Gunn toured with Fripp as The Robert Fripp String Quintet.[citation needed]

Bill Rieflin, the drummer for R.E.M. following Bill Berry's retirement, developed "a musical style that beautifully balances mindfulness and force" through his long association with Guitar Craft; Rieflin stated that "I couldn't possibly describe in any detail the impact this has had in my life; I can say that it was and continues to be significant. Were I to say 'life-changing,' this would be true, but it wouldn't begin to communicate the depth of the experience."[33]

Other alumni of the League of Crafty Guitarists include members of Los Gauchos Alemanes, such as U.S. guitarist Steve Ball;[34] Ball is associated with the Seattle Guitar Circle,[35] along with LCG alumnus Curt Golden.[36] German crafty Markus Reuter went on to play Warr Guitar in Europa String Choir and centrozoon, subsequently designing his own touch guitar and playing in Stick Men and The Crimson ProjeKct in addition to a solo career. The collection A Plague of Crafty Guitarists features the following Guitar-Craft alumni, who were listed in a review by Barry Cleveland: Tobin Buttram, Nigel Gavin, Geary Street Quartet, Bill Hibbits, Janssen and Jensen, Sur Pacifico, Playmovil, and Santos Luminosos.[37][38]

Guitar Circle: successor of Guitar CraftEdit

In February 2009, Fripp recommended that Guitar Craft cease to exist on its 25th anniversary in 2010.[39] In March 2010, a 25th Anniversary Course marking the Completion of Guitar Craft was held. In practice, Guitar Craft continues with a focus on Guitar Circles and The Orchestra of Crafty Guitarists. Courses entitled "Introduction to Guitar Circle" continue to be held in the Americas and in Europe.[2] The website of Guitar Craft contains links to related and successor organizations and associations.[40] Guitar Craft inspired the founding of the Seattle Guitar Circle and the Seattle Circle Guitar School in 2010.[2][41]

See alsoEdit

NotesEdit

  1. ^ a b Tamm (2003, p. 127)
  2. ^ a b c d e Fripp (2011, p. 3)
  3. ^ Macan (1997, p. 210)
  4. ^ a b c Tamm (2003, Chapter Ten: Guitar Craft)
  5. ^ a b Fripp (2004)
  6. ^ Tamm (2003, pp. 134, 142, 148 (Chapter 10), c.f. pp. 160, 4)
  7. ^ a b Mulhern (1986)
  8. ^ a b c Tamm (2003, Chapter ten: "Guitar Craft", "Wednesday")
  9. ^ a b Fripp (2011a, "IX. II: The right hand")
  10. ^ An illustrated discussion of holding the pick.
  11. ^ a b Mairants (1997, p. 7)
  12. ^ Mairants (1997, p. 19)
  13. ^ Fripp (2013) wrote, "As a young player, I practiced Ivor Mairants' Daily Exercises".
    • Fripp, Robert (14 March 2013). "Robert Fripp's diary: Thursday, 14th March 2013". Discipline Global Mobile. Retrieved 21 May 2013.
    A forty-page pamphlet had been published by Mairants in 1952:
    • Mairants, Ivor (1952). The Ivor Mairants' book of daily exercises: The first of its kind to be written for the plectrum guitar. Francis,Day & Hunter. ASIN B007SFDIR2. LCCN unk84170147.
  14. ^ Tamm (2003, p. 14)
  15. ^ "History of the Guitar Craft Plectrum", by Steve Ball, SteveBall.com
  16. ^ Baldwin, Douglas (November 2007). "Guitar Heroes: How to Play Like 26 Guitar Gods from Atkins to Zappa", edited by Jude Gold and Matt Blackett, Guitar Player, p.111.
  17. ^ Tamm (2003, pp. 137 and 141 (Chapter 10))
  18. ^ Macan (1997, p. 47)
  19. ^ Fripp (2011, p. [41] (unenumerated, the inside of the back cover))
  20. ^ Tamm (2003, "Chapter 10: Guitar Craft", "Elements of Guitar Craft")
  21. ^ a b Tamm (2003, p. 130)
  22. ^ a b c Guitar Craft Guitars
  23. ^ Relaxed sitting is called "zazen" in Zen Buddhism and "asana" in yoga.
  24. ^ Sullivan (1990)
  25. ^ Sullivan (1990a)
  26. ^ Tamm (2003, Chapter Eleven: Guitar Craft in the world) "Archived copy". Archived from the original on 21 March 2012. Retrieved 29 October 2011.{{cite web}}: CS1 maint: archived copy as title (link)
  27. ^ "Fripp discography: Guitar Craft (appendix)". Archived from the original on 21 March 2012. Retrieved 19 March 2012.
  28. ^ Fripp, Robert; The League of Crafty Guitarists (2003) [1995], Intergalactic Boogie Express: Live in Europe..., Discipline Global Mobile, Sku DGM9502. Intergalactic Boogie Express: Live in Europe... at AllMusic. Retrieved 29 February 2012.
  29. ^ Ball, Steve (21 May 2009). "Steve Ball extended history: Side note". Steve Ball Roadshow: Extended press-kit. steveball.com. Retrieved 28 February 2012.
  30. ^ Ball, Steve (1 October 2001). "Saturday 29 September". Steve Ball diary. steveball.com. Retrieved 29 February 2012.
  31. ^ Hegarty & Halliwell (2011, "Illustration credits: Chapter 9", p. xii)
  32. ^ Zwerdling (1998)
  33. ^ Powers (2011)
  34. ^ Cleveland (2005)
  35. ^ "Guitar performance slated for Unity Church". Body and soul: What's happening. Yakima Herald-Republic. 1 April 2000. Archived from the original on 25 February 2016. Retrieved 22 April 2012.
  36. ^ Upchurch (2010)
  37. ^ Cleveland (2004a)
  38. ^ Plague of Crafty Guitarists, Volume 1 at AllMusic. Retrieved 24 April 2012.
  39. ^ Fripp, Robert. "Robert Fripp's diary: Saturday, 14th February 2009". Discipline Global Mobile. Archived from the original on 18 February 2012. Retrieved 19 February 2012.
  40. ^ Anonymous, Guitar Craft. "Guitar Craft: Guitar Craft has ceased to exist". guitarcraft.com. Retrieved 19 February 2012.
  41. ^ Fripp, Robert, A few words from the patron, Seattle Circle Guitar School, retrieved 19 November 2011

ReferencesEdit

  • Cleveland, Barry (1 August 2004a). "The Plague of Crafty Guitarists: Volume one". Guitar Player. Archived from the original on 22 February 2016. Retrieved 25 March 2012.
  • Cleveland, Barry (1 December 2004). "California Guitar Trio (Interview)" (pdf). Frets Magazine (Fall). Guitar Player (subscription required). Retrieved 25 March 2012.
  • Cleveland, Barry (1 October 2005). "Electric Gauchos' transcontinental alt-prog". RIFFS. Guitar Player. Retrieved 25 March 2012.
  • Fripp, Robert (2004). An introduction to Guitar Craft. Guitar Craft Monographs. Guitar Craft. Archived from the original on 5 August 2004. Retrieved 26 October 2011.
  • Fripp, Robert (February 2011a) [16 September 1988]. The Art of Craft. Guitar Craft Monographs. Vol. 2 (revised ed.). Orchestra of Crafty Guitarists. Referenced in Tamm (2003, Bibliography). Archived from the original on 7 March 2013. Retrieved 21 May 2013.
  • Fripp, Robert (2011). Pozzo, Horacio (ed.). Seven Guitar Craft themes: Definitive scores for guitar ensemble. "Original transcriptions by Curt Golden", "Layout scores and tablatures: Ariel Rzezak and Theo Morresi" (First limited ed.). Partitas Music. ISMN 979-0-9016791-7-7. DGM Sku partitas001.
  • Hegarty, Paul; Halliwell, Martin (25 August 2011). Beyond and before: Progressive rock since the 1960s. Continuum. ISBN 978-0-8264-4075-4.
  • Macon, Edward L. (1997). Rocking the classics: English progressive rock and the counterculture. Oxford and New York: Oxford University. ISBN 0-19-509887-0.
  • Mairants, Ivor (1997). Perfect pick technique for guitar: A method of playing steel-strung guitar devised to result in a flawless basic right hand technique without limitations. Tyne and Wear NE21 5NH, United Kingdom: Ashley Mark Publishing Company. ISBN 0-7935-9195-3. Distributed by the Hal Leonard Corporation HL00695293.{{cite book}}: CS1 maint: location (link)
  • Mulhern, Tom (January 1986). "On the discipline of craft and art: An interview with Robert Fripp". Guitar Player. 20: 88+. Retrieved 8 January 2013.
  • Powers, Ann (29 September 2011). "Talking shop With Bill Rieflin, journeyman musician". NPR. The record: Music news From NPR. NPR. Retrieved 11 December 2012.
  • Sullivan, Jim (3 August 1990). "For guitarists, a Crafty trip with Fripp". The Boston Globe. (subscription required). Archived from the original on 29 March 2015. Retrieved 25 March 2012.
  • Sullivan, Jim (11 August 1990a). "Fripp takes his disciples on a Crafty, unnerving trip (Robert Fripp and the League of Crafty Guitarists at The Paradise, Tuesday night)". The Boston Globe. (subscription required). Archived from the original on 9 April 2016. Retrieved 25 March 2012.
  • Tamm, Eric (2003) [1990], Robert Fripp: From crimson king to crafty master (Progressive Ears ed.), Faber and Faber (1990), ISBN 0-571-16289-4, Zipped Microsoft Word Document, archived from the original on 26 October 2011, retrieved 26 October 2011
  • Upchurch, Michael (6 October 2010). "Guitarists put listeners in the circle". The Seattle Times. Your Wednesday. Seattle, Washington. (subscription required). Archived from the original on 22 February 2016. Retrieved 25 March 2012.
  • Zwerdling, Daniel (5 September 1998). "California Guitar Trio". NPR Weekend Edition (transcription). National Public Radio. Archived from the original on 10 October 2014. Retrieved 25 March 2012.

Further readingEdit

  • Drozdowski, Ted (February 1989). "Robert Fripp: A plectral purist answers the dumb questions". Musician: 28+. Referenced in Tamm (2003).
  • Fleischmann, Mark (November 1986). "High C with Mr. Fripp: Our reporter sits in on a master class". Guitar World: 86+. Referenced in Tamm (2003).
  • Fripp, Robert (December 1989). "Guitar Craft: The resonance of rightness". Guitar Player: 123. Referenced in Tamm (2003).
  • Fripp, Robert (January 1990). "Guitar Craft: The principle of balance". Guitar Player: 114.
  • Fripp, Robert (1989–1990). A preface to Guitar Craft. Guitar Craft Monographs. Guitar Craft. Parts I, II, III, IV, V, VI, VII. Archived from the original on 5 August 2004. Retrieved 26 October 2011.
  • Fripp, Robert (29 August 1989). Inaugural letter to the second (U.S.) Guitar Craft level three. Guitar Craft Monographs. Claymont Barn; Charles Town, West Virginia 25414: Guitar Craft Services. Archived from the original on 5 August 2004. Retrieved 26 October 2011.{{cite book}}: CS1 maint: location (link)
  • Gerber, Robert (1986). "Guitar Craft systematics". Impressions. 4 (Spring): 11. Referenced in Tamm (2003).
  • Gerber, Robert (1986). "Guitar Craft systematics: Part II". Impressions. 4 (Summer): 20. Referenced in Tamm (2003).
  • Groome, Carle (June 1987). "Reviews: Robert Fripp and the League of Crafty Guitarists: Live!". Ear. 12: 26. Referenced in Tamm (2003).
  • Stubbs, David (4 October 1986). "Albums: Robert Fripp and the League of Crafty Guitarists: Live!". Melody Maker. 61: 32. Referenced in Tamm (2003).
  • Twigg, Geoff; Braybrooke, Penny (August 1986). "A crafty guitarist". Guitarist: 25. Referenced in Tamm (2003).
  • 1993 music in NST discography: [1]

External linksEdit

  • Guitar Craft has been succeeded by Guitar Circle, which has continental organizations:
    • Guitar Circle of Europe
    • Guitar Circle of Latin America
    • Guitar Circle of North America
  • The League of Crafty Guitarists has a website and
    • a MySpace page