Gyroelongated bipyramid


Set of gyroelongated bipyramids
Pentagonal gyroelongated bipyramid.png
The pentagonal gyroelongated bipyramid is the regular icosahedron.
Faces 4n triangles
Edges 6n
Vertices 2n+2
Symmetry group Dnd, [2+,2n], (2*n), order 4n
Rotation group Dn, [2,n]+, (22n), order 2n
Dual polyhedron truncated trapezohedra
Properties convex

In geometry, the gyroelongated bipyramids are an infinite set of polyhedra, constructed by elongating an n-gonal bipyramid by inserting an n-gonal antiprism between its congruent halves.


Two members of the set can be deltahedra, that is, constructed entirely of equilateral triangles: the gyroelongated square bipyramid, a Johnson solid, and the icosahedron, a Platonic solid. The gyroelongated triangular bipyramid can be made with equilateral triangles, but is not a deltahedron because it has coplanar faces, i.e. is not strictly convex. With pairs of triangles merged into rhombi, it can be seen as a trigonal trapezohedron. The other members can be constructed with isosceles triangles.

n 3 4 5 6 n
Type Coplanar Equilateral Regular Coplanar
Shape Gyroelongated triangular bipyramid Gyroelongated square bipyramid Gyroelongated pentagonal bipyramid
Gyroelongated hexagonal bipyramid Gyroelongated bipyramid
Image Gyroelongated triangular bipyramid.png Gyroelongated square dipyramid.png Pentagonal gyroelongated bipyramid.png Augmented hexagonal antiprism flat.png
Faces 12 16 20 24 4n
Dual Triangular truncated trapezohedron Square truncated trapezohedron Pentagonal truncated trapezohedron
Hexagonal truncated trapezohedron Truncated trapezohedra

See also

External links

  • Conway Notation for Polyhedra Try: "knAn", where n=4,5,6... example "k5A5" is an icosahedron.