Set of gyroelongated bipyramids | |
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The pentagonal gyroelongated bipyramid is the regular icosahedron. | |
Faces | 4n triangles |
Edges | 6n |
Vertices | 2n+2 |
Symmetry group | D_{nd}, [2^{+},2n], (2*n), order 4n |
Rotation group | D_{n}, [2,n]^{+}, (22n), order 2n |
Dual polyhedron | truncated trapezohedra |
Properties | convex |
In geometry, the gyroelongated bipyramids are an infinite set of polyhedra, constructed by elongating an n-gonal bipyramid by inserting an n-gonal antiprism between its congruent halves.
Two members of the set can be deltahedra, that is, constructed entirely of equilateral triangles: the gyroelongated square bipyramid, a Johnson solid, and the icosahedron, a Platonic solid. The gyroelongated triangular bipyramid can be made with equilateral triangles, but is not a deltahedron because it has coplanar faces, i.e. is not strictly convex. With pairs of triangles merged into rhombi, it can be seen as a trigonal trapezohedron. The other members can be constructed with isosceles triangles.
n | 3 | 4 | 5 | 6 | n |
---|---|---|---|---|---|
Type | Coplanar | Equilateral | Regular | Coplanar | |
Shape | Gyroelongated triangular bipyramid | Gyroelongated square bipyramid | Gyroelongated pentagonal bipyramid (icosahedron) |
Gyroelongated hexagonal bipyramid | Gyroelongated bipyramid |
Image | |||||
Faces | 12 | 16 | 20 | 24 | 4n |
Dual | Triangular truncated trapezohedron | Square truncated trapezohedron | Pentagonal truncated trapezohedron (Dodecahedron) |
Hexagonal truncated trapezohedron | Truncated trapezohedra |