|Discovered by||W. M. Keck Observatory|
|Discovery date||30 June 2016|
|0.3351 (± 0.0015) AU|
|2456277.6 ± 2.7|
|Temperature||400 K (127 °C; 260 °F)|
HD 164922 c is an exoplanet orbiting the star HD 164922 about 72 light-years from Earth in the constellation Hercules. The exoplanet was found by using the radial velocity method, from radial-velocity measurements via observation of Doppler shifts in the spectrum of the planet's parent star.
HD 164922 c is a mini-Neptune, an exoplanet that has a radius and mass in between that of a super-Earth and the planet Neptune with no solid surface. It has a temperature of 400 K (127 °C; 260 °F). It has an estimated mass of around 12.9 MEarth, and a potential radius of around 3.5 R🜨 based on its similar mass to Neptune.
The planet orbits a (G-type) star named HD 164922. The star has a mass of 0.87 M☉ and a radius of around 0.99 R☉. It has a temperature of 5293 K and is 13.4 billion years old. In comparison, the Sun is about 4.6 billion years old and has a temperature of 5778 K. The star is metal-rich, with a metallicity ([Fe/H]) of 0.16, or 144% the solar amount. This is particularly odd for a star as old as HD 164922. Its luminosity (L☉) is 70% of the solar luminosity.
The star's apparent magnitude, or how bright it appears from Earth's perspective, is 7.01. Therefore, HD 164922 is too dim to be seen with the naked eye, but can be viewed using good binoculars.
HD 164922 c orbits its star every 75 days at a distance of 0.335 AU (close to Mercury's orbital distance from the Sun, which is 0.38 AU). It receives more than 6 times as much sunlight as the Earth does from the Sun.
The search for HD 164922 c started when its host star was chosen an ideal target for a planet search using the radial velocity method (in which the gravitational pull of a planet on its star is measured by observing the resulting Doppler shift), as stellar activity would not overly mask or mimic Doppler spectroscopy measurements. It was also confirmed that HD 164922 is neither a binary star nor a quickly rotating star, common false positives when searching for transiting planets. Analysis of the resulting data found that the radial velocity variations most likely indicated the existence of a planet. The net result was an estimate of a 12.9 MEarth planetary companion orbiting the star at a distance of 0.33 AU with an eccentricity of 0.07.
The discovery of HD 164922 c was reported in the online archive arXiv on June 30, 2016.