HM LST-404 Salerno 12 September 1943.jpg
HM LST-404 off the invasion beaches at Salerno, 12 September 1943, LST-404 and two unidentified PT boats are seen with Ancon in the background.
History
United Kingdom
Name: LST-404
Ordered: as a Type S3-M-K2 hull, MCE hull 924[1]
Builder: Bethlehem-Fairfield Shipyard, Baltimore, Maryland
Yard number: 2176[1]
Laid down: 27 August 1942
Launched: 28 October 1942
Commissioned: 16 December 1942
Identification: Hull symbol: LST-404
Fate: returned to USN custody, 14 October 1944
United States
Name: LST-404
Acquired: 14 October 1944
Struck: 21 October 1945
Fate: sold for scrapping, November 1946
General characteristics [2]
Class and type: LST-1-class tank landing ship
Displacement:
  • 1,625 long tons (1,651 t) (light)
  • 4,080 long tons (4,145 t) (full (seagoing draft with 1,675 short tons (1,520 t) load)
  • 2,366 long tons (2,404 t) (beaching)
Length: 328 ft (100 m) oa
Beam: 50 ft (15 m)
Draft:
  • Unloaded: 2 ft 4 in (0.71 m) forward; 7 ft 6 in (2.29 m) aft
  • Full load: 8 ft 2 in (2.49 m) forward; 14 ft 1 in (4.29 m) aft
  • Landing with 500 short tons (450 t) load: 3 ft 11 in (1.19 m) forward; 9 ft 10 in (3.00 m) aft
Installed power:
Propulsion:
Speed: 12 kn (22 km/h; 14 mph)
Range: 24,000 nmi (44,000 km; 28,000 mi) at 9 kn (17 km/h; 10 mph) while displacing 3,960 long tons (4,024 t)
Boats & landing
craft carried:
2 x LCVPs
Capacity: 1,600–1,900 short tons (3,200,000–3,800,000 lb; 1,500,000–1,700,000 kg) cargo depending on mission
Troops: 16 officers, 147 enlisted men
Complement: 13 officers, 104 enlisted men
Armament:

HMS LST-404 was a United States Navy LST-1-class tank landing ship that was transferred to the Royal Navy during World War II. As with many of her class, the ship was never named. Instead, she was referred to by her hull designation.

Construction

LST-404 was laid down on 27 August 1942, under Maritime Commission (MARCOM) contract, MC hull 924, by the Bethlehem-Fairfield Shipyard, Baltimore, Maryland; launched 28 October 1942; then transferred to the United Kingdom and commissioned on 16 December 1942.[3]

Service history

LST-404 was used to transport elements of the 179th Regimental Combat Team to "Beach Blue" during the Salerno landings in Italy, 10 September 1943.[2]

On the afternoon of 15 August 1944, LST-404 was returning to England from the Normandy beachhead, as part of convoy FTM 69, with wounded personnel, casualties, and prisoners of war, when she was torpedoed by U-741 about 35 miles (56 km) southeast of St. Catherine's Point. (50°02′N 0°38′W / 50.033°N 0.633°W / 50.033; -0.633) LST-413 was able to get alongside LST-404 and take off the passengers and crew, however, eight crewmen and several POWs were killed in the torpedo explosion. ATR-4 took LST-404 in tow and took her to St. Helen's Roads, Isle of Wight, and then on to Lee-on-Solent, on 16 August.[4]

LST-404 saw no active service in the United States Navy. The tank landing ship was struck from the Navy list on 14 October 1944. She was decommissioned, returned to United States Navy custody on 21 October 1945, sold through the auspices of the State Department in November 1946,[3] and was broken up in June 1948, at Zeebrugge.[4]

See also

Notes

Citations

Bibliography

Online resources

  • "LST-404". Dictionary of American Naval Fighting Ships. Naval History and Heritage Command. Retrieved 28 April 2017. This article incorporates text from this source, which is in the public domain.
  • "Bethlehem-Fairfield, Baltimore MD". www.ShipbuildingHistory.com. 14 August 2008. Retrieved 28 April 2017.
  • "USS LST-404". Navsource.org. 16 September 2016. Retrieved 28 April 2017.
  • Helgason, Guðmundur. "HMS LST-404". German U-boats of WWII - uboat.net. Retrieved 28 April 2017.

External links

  • Photo gallery of LST-404 at NavSource Naval History