HMS Vindictive (1897)

Summary

Coordinates: 51°14′22″N 2°55′32″E / 51.2393734°N 2.9256020°E / 51.2393734; 2.9256020

HMS Vindictive, 1900
HMS Vindictive in 1900
History
United Kingdom
NameHMS Vindictive
BuilderChatham Dockyard
Launched9 December 1897[1]
Commissioned1899
Fate
  • Expended as blockship, 1918
  • Scrapped in 1920. Bow preserved as a memorial
General characteristics
Class and type Arrogant-class cruiser
Displacement5,750 tons
Length342 ft (104 m)
Beam57 ft 6 in (17.53 m)
PropulsionTriple expansion engines, 2 screws, 10,000 hp (7,457 kW)
Speed19 knots (35 km/h; 22 mph)
Complement480
Armament
ArmourDeck : 3 in (76 mm)

HMS Vindictive was a British Arrogant-class cruiser built at Chatham Dockyard. She was launched on 9 December 1897 and completed in 1899. The vessel participated in the Zeebrugge Raid.

Service history

Vindictive served with the Mediterranean Squadron from 1900,[2] Captain Herbert Augustus Warren in command. Attached to the cruised division, she visited Larnaka in June 1902,[3] and took part in combined manoeuvres between the Mediterranean and Channel fleets in the Aegean Sea and off Argostoli in September and October that year.[4]

She was refitted in 1909–10 for service in the 3rd Division of the Home Fleet. In March 1912 she became a tender to the training establishment HMS Vernon. Obsolescent by the outbreak of First World War, in August 1914 she was assigned to the 9th Cruiser Squadron and captured the German merchantmen Schlesien and Slawentzitz on 7 August and 8 September respectively. In 1915 she was stationed on the southeast coast of South America. From 1916 to late 1917 she served in the White Sea.

Early in 1918 she was fitted out for the Zeebrugge Raid. Most of her guns were replaced[citation needed] by howitzers, flame-throwers and mortars. On 23 April 1918 she was in fierce action at Zeebrugge when she went alongside the mole, and her upperworks were badly damaged by gunfire, her Captain, Alfred Carpenter was awarded a Victoria Cross for his actions during the raid. This event was famously painted by Charles de Lacy, the painting hangs in the Britannia Royal Naval College.[5] In addition to her usual complement, she embarked Royal Marine gunners to man the supplementary armament, and a larger raiding party. This comprised two of the three infantry companies of the 4th Battalion, Royal Marine Light Infantry, (their third company was embarked on the Iris), along with two "companies" of seamen raiders commanded by Lieutenant Commander Bryan Fullerton Adams and Lieutenant Arthur Chamberlain ("A" & "B" seamen Companies) respectively.[6]

She was sunk as a blockship at Ostend during the Second Ostend Raid on 10 May 1918. HM Motor Launch 254 picked up 38 survivors of Vindictive's 55 crewmen. The ship's Commander Alfred Godsal perished on board. The wreck was raised on 16 August 1920 and subsequently broken up. The bow section has been preserved in Ostend harbour serving as a memorial. One of Vindictive's 7.5-inch howitzers was acquired and preserved by the Imperial War Museum.[7]

The Zeebrugge and Ostend Raids, with their associated crop of VCs, had given the ship late celebrity and her name was perpetuated by renaming the aircraft carrier HMS Cavendish, which was under construction, as Vindictive.

References

  1. ^ The Times (London), Friday, 10 December 1897, p.7
  2. ^ "Naval & Military intelligence". The Times (36433). London. 19 April 1901. p. 10.
  3. ^ "Naval & Military intelligence". The Times (36801). London. 23 June 1902. p. 6.
  4. ^ "Naval & Military intelligence". The Times (36896). London. 11 October 1902. p. 11.
  5. ^ "Art UK entry with reproduction of the Vindictive at Zeebrugge painting. Retrieved 9th june 2013". Art UK. Retrieved 23 April 2014.
  6. ^ Keyes, Roger, ed. (1918), Reports on Zeebrugge and Ostend operations., Admiralty, pp. 11–13, 61–66, 74–80, ADM 137/3894
  7. ^ "BL 7.5in Howitzer Mk I". iwm.org.uk. Imperial War Museum. Retrieved 30 January 2012.

Publications

External links

  • Arrogant Class Second Class Protected Cruiser
  • Arrogant Class 2nd Class Cruisers