Hr. Ms. O 12.jpg
HNLMS O 12 after being launched
History
Netherlands
Name: HNLMS O 12
Builder: Koninklijke Maatschappij De Schelde, Vlissingen
Laid down: 20 October 1928
Launched: 8 November 1930
Commissioned: 20 July 1931
Decommissioned: 14 May 1940
Out of service: 22 January 1954
General characteristics
Class and type: O 12-class submarine
Displacement:
  • 610 tons surfaced
  • 754 tons submerged
Length: 60.4 m (198 ft 2 in)
Beam: 6.8 m (22 ft 4 in)
Draught: 3.6 m (11 ft 10 in)
Propulsion:
Speed:
  • 16 kn (30 km/h; 18 mph) surfaced
  • 8 kn (15 km/h; 9.2 mph) submerged
Range:
  • 10,000 nmi (19,000 km; 12,000 mi) at 12 kn (22 km/h; 14 mph) on the surface
  • 28 nmi (52 km; 32 mi) at 8.5 kn (15.7 km/h; 9.8 mph) submerged
Complement: 29-31
Armament:

O 12 was a O 12-class submarine of the Royal Netherlands Navy. Built at Koninklijke Maatschappij De Schelde in Vlissingen,[1] it was launched in 1930 but was unable to take part in military action during World War II. After being scuttled by the Dutch Navy, it was raised by Nazi Germany's Kriegsmarine and taken into service as UD-2, and then scuttled again.[2]

Service history

Before World War II

In 1935, O 12, with O 13, O 15, Hertog Hendrik, Van Ghent, Kortenaer and Z 5, sailed around the North Sea making stops at Göteborg and Oslo. Two years later, O 12 sailed with sister ship O 14 to Surinam and Curaçao.[2]

During World War II

During the German attack on the Netherlands in 1940, O 12 was at the naval wharf of Willemsoord, Den Helder for periodic maintenance. Unable to make the trip across the North Sea to England, the ship was scuttled.[2]

The German occupying forces had O 12 raised and sent it to the Wilton-Fijenoord wharf in Rotterdam for repairs. On 30 January 1943, it was taken into service by Nazi Germany's Kriegsmarine, as UD-2. On 6 July 1944, it was taken out of service and moved to Kiel, where it was scuttled in the harbor just before the end of the war. Afterwards, UD-2 was raised and demolished.[2]

References

  1. ^ a b ‹See Tfd›(in English) Dutchsubmarines.com :: O 12 class
  2. ^ a b c d ‹See Tfd›(in English) Dutch Submarines.com :: O 12

Coordinates: 8°40′N 111°40′E / 8.667°N 111.667°E / 8.667; 111.667