HR Delphini

Summary

HR Delphini
HRDelLocation.png
Location of HR Delphini (circled in red)
Observation data
Epoch J2000      Equinox J2000
Constellation Delphinus
Right ascension 20h 42m 20.347s[1]
Declination +19° 09′ 39.30″[1]
Apparent magnitude (V) 3.5 – 12.0[2] (var.)
Characteristics
Variable type Classical Nova[3]
Astrometry
Distance932 ± 31[4] pc
Other designations
Nova Delphini 1967, HR Del, AAVSO 2037+18, 2MASS J20422035+1909394. Gaia DR2 1813953083546374144[5]
Database references
SIMBADdata
The light curve of HR Delphini, plotted from AAVSO data.

HR Delphini, also known as Nova Delphini 1967, was a nova which appeared in the constellation Delphinus in 1967. It was discovered by George Alcock at 22:35 UT on 8 July 1967, after searching the sky for over 800 hours with binoculars. At the time of discovery it had an apparent magnitude of 5.0. It reached a peak brightness of magnitude 3.5 on 13 December 1967, making it easily visible to the naked eye around that time.[6][7] Pre-outburst photographs taken with the Samuel Oschin telescope showed it as a ~12th magnitude star which might have been variable.[8]

HR Delphini was discovered 158 days before it reached peak brightness, and its light curve around the peak was very well observed.[7] It had a very slow rise to maximum brightness, when compared to other classical novae.[3] It took 230 days for HR Delphini to fade from its peak by 3 magnitudes, which makes it a "slow" nova.[2] Its decline from peak brightness showed several brief outbursts, leading to its light curve being classified as type "J" (for "jitters").[9]

In June 1970, HR Delphini was detected in 3.7 cm and 11.1 cm radio wavelengths with the Green Bank Interferometer, and at 1.95 cm with the Green Bank 140 foot telescope.[10]

All novae are binary stars, with a "donor" star orbiting a white dwarf. The two stars are so close to each other that material is transferred from the donor to the white dwarf. In the case of HR Delphini, the orbital period of the binary pair is 5.14 hours. The mass of the white dwarf is estimated to be between 0.6 and 0.75 M and the donor star is believed to be a main sequence star with a mass between 0.52 and 0.58 M with a spectral type in the range of K5V to M1V.[11]

HR Delphini is surrounded by a bipolar nova remnant emission nebula, visible in , Hβ as well as forbidden lines of Oxygen and Nitrogen. It is roughly elliptical, and had a size of 3.7 × 2.5 arc seconds when it was discovered in 1981. It had expanded to roughly 8.5 × 6.1 arc seconds when it was observed with the Hubble Space Telescope in 1997.[12]

References

  1. ^ a b Brown, A. G. A.; et al. (Gaia collaboration) (August 2018). "Gaia Data Release 2: Summary of the contents and survey properties". Astronomy & Astrophysics. 616. A1. arXiv:1804.09365. Bibcode:2018A&A...616A...1G. doi:10.1051/0004-6361/201833051. Gaia DR2 record for this source at VizieR.
  2. ^ a b Duerbeck, Hilmar W. (March 1987). "A Reference Catalogue and Atlas of Galactic Novae". Space Science Reviews. 45 (1–2): 1–14. doi:10.1007/BF00187826. Retrieved 24 December 2020.
  3. ^ a b Friedjung, M. (September 1992). "The unusual nature of nova HR Delphini 1967". Astronomy and Astrophysics. 262: 487–490. Retrieved 29 December 2020.
  4. ^ Selvelli, Pierluigi; Gilmozzi, Roberto (February 2019). "A UV and optical study of 18 old novae with Gaia DR2 distances: mass accretion rates, physical parameters, and MMRD". Astronomy & Astrophysics. 622: A186. doi:10.1051/0004-6361/201834238. Retrieved 29 December 2020.
  5. ^ "V* HR Delphini". SIMBAD. Centre de données astronomiques de Strasbourg. Retrieved 29 December 2020.
  6. ^ Candy, M.P.; Alcock, G.E.D.; Zissell, R.E. (July 1967). "Nova Delphini 1967". IAU Circular. 2022: 1. Retrieved 29 December 2020.
  7. ^ a b Isles, J. E. (1974). "HR Delphini (Nova 1967) in 1967 - 71". Journal of the British Astronomical Association. 85: 54–58. Bibcode:1974JBAA...85...54I.
  8. ^ van den Bergh, Sydney; Racine, R. (July 1967). "Pre-Maximum Observations of Nova Delphini 1967". Information Bulletin on Variable Stars. 212: 1. Retrieved 29 December 2020.
  9. ^ Tappert, C.; Vogt, N.; Ederoclite, A.; Schmidtobreick, L.; Vuˇckovi ́c, M.; Becegato, L.L. (September 2020). "The luminosity evolution of nova shells. I. A new analysis of old data". Astronomy & Astrophysics. 641: A122. doi:10.1051/0004-6361/202037913. Retrieved 29 December 2020.
  10. ^ Hjellming, R.M.; Wade, C.M. (October 1970). "Radio Novae". The Astrophysical Journal. 162: L1. doi:10.1086/180610. Retrieved 29 December 2020.
  11. ^ Kuerster, M.; Barwig, H. (June 1988). "A spectroscopic study of the old nova HR Delphini". Astronomy and Astrophysics. 199: 201–210. Bibcode:1988A&A...199..201K.
  12. ^ Harman, D.J.; O'Brien, T.J. (October 2003). "Hubble Space Telescope imaging and ground-based spectroscopy of old nova shells - II. The bipolar shell of the slow nova HR Del". Monthly Notices of the Royal Astronomical Society. 344 (4): 1219–1226. doi:10.1046/j.1365-8711.2003.06906.x. Retrieved 29 December 2020.