Half-band filter


In digital signal processing, half-band filters are widely used for their efficiency in multi-rate applications. A half-band filter is a low-pass filter that reduces the maximum bandwidth of sampled data by a factor of 2 (one octave). When multiple octaves of reduction are needed, a cascade of half-band filters is common. And when the goal is downsampling, each half-band filter needs to compute only half as many output samples as input samples.

It follows from the filter's definition that its transition region, or skirt, can be centered at frequency    where    is the input sample-rate. That makes it possible to design a FIR filter whose every other coefficient is zero, and whose non-zero coefficients are symmetrical about the center of the impulse response. (See Finite impulse response § Window design method)  Both of those properties can be used to improve efficiency of the implementation.[1][2]


  1. ^ Venosa, Elettra; harris, fredric j.; Palmieri, Francesco A. N. (2011-10-17). Software Radio: Sampling Rate Selection, Design and Synchronization. New York: Springer. pp. 91-93. ISBN 9781461401124.
  2. ^ Meyer-Baese, Uwe (2007-11-14). "5.4.1". Digital Signal Processing with Field Programmable Gate Arrays (3 ed.). New York: Springer. p. 274. ISBN 3540726128.

Further reading

  • Lyons, Richard G. (2010-11-11). Understanding Digital Signal Processing (3 ed.). Prentiss-Hall. ISBN 0137027419.
  • https://www.dsprelated.com/showarticle/1113.php