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In mathematics, the **half-period ratio** τ of an elliptic function is the ratio

of the two half-periods and of the elliptic function, where the elliptic function is defined in such a way that

is in the upper half-plane.

Quite often in the literature, ω_{1} and ω_{2} are defined to be the **periods** of an elliptic function rather than its half-periods. Regardless of the choice of notation, the ratio ω_{2}/ω_{1} of periods is identical to the ratio (ω_{2}/2)/(ω_{1}/2) of half-periods. Hence, the **period ratio** is the same as the "half-period ratio".

Note that the half-period ratio can be thought of as a simple number, namely, one of the parameters to elliptic functions, or it can be thought of as a function itself, because the half periods can be given in terms of the elliptic modulus or in terms of the nome. See the pages on quarter period and elliptic integrals for additional definitions and relations on the arguments and parameters to elliptic functions.

- Milton Abramowitz and Irene A. Stegun,
*Handbook of Mathematical Functions*, (1964) Dover Publications, New York. OCLC 1097832 See chapters 16 and 17.