Hamilton Standard

Summary

Hamilton Standard
TypeSubsidiary
IndustryAerospace
PredecessorHamilton Aero Manufacturing and Standard Steel Propeller
Founded1929
Defunct1999
FateMerged
SuccessorHamilton Sundstrand
Headquarters,
Key people
Frank W. Caldwell
ParentCollins Aerospace

Hamilton Standard (now a part of Collins Aerospace[1] ), an aircraft propeller parts supplier, was formed in 1929 when United Aircraft and Transport Corporation consolidated Hamilton Aero Manufacturing and Standard Steel Propeller into the Hamilton Standard Propeller Corporation. Other members of United Aircraft included Boeing, United Airlines, Sikorsky, and Pratt & Whitney. At the time, Hamilton was the largest manufacturer of aircraft propellers in the world.

History

The 1,000th controllable pitch propeller produced by Hamilton Standard with the 1933 Collier Trophy-winning team that designed it
Hamilton Standard propeller on Douglas DC-3 of American Airlines
Hamilton Standard four-bladed propeller used on a Douglas DC-6

Standard Steel Propeller had been formed in 1918 in Pittsburgh, Pennsylvania, and Hamilton Aero Manufacturing had been formed in 1920 in Milwaukee, Wisconsin, by Thomas F. Hamilton. Charles Lindbergh's Spirit of St. Louis used a propeller made by Standard Steel Propeller Company in his historic solo crossing of the Atlantic Ocean. The two companies were merged in 1929 by the United Aircraft and Transport Corporation.[2]

In the early 1930s, Frank W. Caldwell of Hamilton Standard led a team that developed a variable-pitch propeller, using hydraulic pressure and centrifugal force to change the angle of attack of the blades. Caldwell received the 1933 Collier Trophy for this advance in flight propulsion. Later advances included full-feathering and reversible propellers.

Hamilton Standard was a division of United Aircraft Corporation (1934) along with Pratt & Whitney (engines).

In the early 1950s Hamilton developed the technology to accurately meter fuel in jet engines, and its fuel controls were employed on Boeing 707s and Douglas DC-8s, as well as most other Pratt & Whitney jet engines. In 1952, Hamilton Standard opened its plant in Windsor Locks, Connecticut. In 1958, Hamilton's first environmental control system entered service on the Convair 880. In 1968, Hamilton began delivering automatic, electronic systems for control of cabin pressure in aircraft. Hamilton's mechanical fuel controls, in use since the 1950s, evolved into electronically controlled fuel controls, and eventually, to full-authority digital electronic controls (FADEC) for jet engines, which are in use today on many commuter, airline, and military engine applications. Hamilton's environmental systems and early association with NASA were highlighted in the 1969 Apollo 11 moon landing - supported by environmental control, fuel cell, and life support systems manufactured by Hamilton Standard.

Mergers

In 1999, the United Technologies Corporation acquired the Sundstrand Corporation and merged it with Hamilton to form Hamilton Sundstrand. Sundstrand brought a long history and portfolio of aerospace products to the newly named company. Hamilton Sundstrand continues to provide aerospace components and systems to most of the world's aircraft manufacturers, including Boeing, Airbus, Bombardier, and Embraer.

In 2012 Hamilton Sundstrand merged with Goodrich Corporation to become UTC Aerospace Systems.[3] In 2018, UTC merged UTC Aerospace Systems with Rockwell Collins to form Collins Aerospace.

See also

References

  1. ^ UTC Aerospace Systems
  2. ^ "Announcement". Aero Digest. Vol. 16 no. 1. Aeronautical Digest Publishing Corporation. January 1930. p. 24. Retrieved 28 June 2021.
  3. ^ "UTC Aerospace Systems – Ideas Born to Fly". utcaerospacesystems.com.