|• Town manager||Hannu Muhonen|
|• Total||1,155.14 km2 (446.00 sq mi)|
|• Land||609.51 km2 (235.33 sq mi)|
|• Water||545.66 km2 (210.68 sq mi)|
|Area rank||138th largest in Finland|
|• Rank||58th largest in Finland|
|• Density||32.56/km2 (84.3/sq mi)|
|Population by native language|
|• Finnish||96.1% (official)|
|Population by age|
|• 0 to 14||12.8%|
|• 15 to 64||57.2%|
|• 65 or older||30%|
|Time zone||UTC+02:00 (EET)|
|• Summer (DST)||UTC+03:00 (EEST)|
|Municipal tax rate||21.00%|
Hamina (Finnish pronunciation: [ˈhɑminɑ]; Swedish: Fredrikshamn, Finland Swedish: [freːdriksˈhɑmn] (listen), Sweden Swedish: [freːdrɪksˈhamːn]) is a town and a municipality of Finland. It is located approximately 145 km (90 mi) east of the country's capital Helsinki, in the Kymenlaakso region, and formerly the province of Southern Finland. The municipality's population is 19,844 (as of 31 March 2021) and covers an area of 1,155.14 square kilometres (446.00 sq mi), of which 545.66 km2 (210.68 sq mi) is water. The population density is 32.56 inhabitants per square kilometre (84.3/sq mi). The population of the central town is approximately 10,000. The municipal language of Hamina is Finnish.
Highway 7 (E18) is the town's road connection to Helsinki, after it was upgraded to a continuous motorway in September 2014. Hamina is also one of the most important harbors of Finland, the Port of Hamina-Kotka. The port specializes in forest products and the transit of cargo to Russia. One of Google's five European data centers is situated in Hamina.
Vehkalahti was as a municipality first mentioned in 1336. At the proposal of Count Peter Brahe, the area surrounding the Vehkalahti church (today St. Mary's Church) received its charter in 1653 through the establishment of Vehkalahden Uusikaupunki (Veckelax Nystad in Swedish, "The New Town of Vehkalahti"). The town was later destroyed during the Great Northern War in 1712.
As the commercially vibrant city of Vyborg was lost to Russia in 1721, Fredrikshamn (named in 1723 in the honor of King Frederick I of Sweden) was dedicated to replace it. The town, hitherto a small domestic port with restricted trading privilege's, was granted extensive rights to conduct foreign trade. The Finnish speaking population soon abbreviated the name of the town to Hamina. The reconstruction of the town was completed between 1722 and 1724. The star-shaped fortress and the circular town plan, designed by Axel Löwen, were based on Central European and Italian Renaissance concepts from the 16th century. Fortress towns with a circular street plan like this are quite rare; one example is Palmanova in Italy.
In 1743, Hamina was surrendered to Russia, after the Russo–Swedish War, 1741–1743, and the town of Loviisa was the next Swedish candidate for an Eastern-Finnish trade center. Hamina became a Russian frontier town, for which a fortress was desirable.
The Treaty of Fredrikshamn (1809), by which Sweden ceded Finland, including parts of the province of Lappland and the Åland Islands, was signed in Hamina. Thus Sweden was split, and the eastern half was formed into the Grand Duchy of Finland, an autonomous part of the Russian Empire. In 1812, the previously conquered territories known as Old Finland (including Hamina) were joined to the Grand Duchy.
Because the town was founded next to the Vehkalahti Church, the municipal center had always been inside the town borders. Vehkalahti and Hamina were consolidated in 2003, and the old coat of arms was replaced with Vehkalahti's coat of arms. The old coat of arms was readopted in January 2013.
The former coat of arms, in use from 2003 to 2012
St. Mary's church
St. John's church
The orthodox church of Peter and Paul
Aerial view of the town
Reserve officer's school
The old fortress
Central bastion of the fortress
The yacht club's pavilion
The flag tower, the only remaining part of the Helsinki bastion
Pikkuympyräkatu; "The Little Circle Street"
The old locomotive warehouse
Aholaisenkulma ("The Aholainen's corner"), a historical restaurant and hotel, demolished in the autumn of 2008
The town museum
The shopkeeper's museum
The Vehkalahti municipal museum
Tokmanni discount store in Hamina
|Wikimedia Commons has media related to Hamina.|