Harish Rawat

Summary

Harish Singh Rawat (born 27 April 1948) is an Indian politician who was Chief Minister of Uttarakhand from 2014 to 2017. A five-time Member of Parliament, Rawat is a leader of the Indian National Congress party. As a member of 15th Lok Sabha, Rawat served as Union Minister of Water Resources in the cabinet of Prime Minister Manmohan Singh from 2012 to 2014.[1] He also worked as Minister of State at the Ministry of Parliamentary Affairs, Ministry of Agriculture, Ministry of Food Processing Industries[2] (2011–2012) and Ministry of Labour and Employment[3] (2009–2011).

Harish Rawat
HarishRawat.jpg
7th Chief Minister of Uttarakhand
In office
11 May 2016 – 18 March 2017
GovernorKrisan Kant Paul
Preceded byPresident's rule
Succeeded byTrivendra Singh Rawat
In office
21 April 2016 – 22 April 2016
GovernorKrishan Kant Paul
Preceded byPresident's rule
Succeeded byPresident's rule
In office
1 February 2014 – 27 March 2016
GovernorAziz Qureshi
Krishan Kant Paul
Preceded byVijay Bahuguna
Succeeded byPresident's rule
Union Minister of Water Resources
In office
30 October 2012 – 31 January 2014
Prime MinisterManmohan Singh
Preceded byPawan Kumar Bansal
Succeeded byGhulam Nabi Azad
Member of Parliament, Lok Sabha
In office
2009–2014
Preceded byRajendra Kumar Badi
Succeeded byRamesh Pokhriyal
ConstituencyHaridwar
In office
1980–1991
Preceded byMurli Manohar Joshi
Succeeded byJeewan Sharma
ConstituencyAlmora
Member of Parliament, Rajya Sabha
In office
2002–2008
Preceded byManohar Kant Dhyani
Succeeded byBhagat Singh Koshyari
ConstituencyUttarakhand
Personal details
Born (1948-04-27) 27 April 1948 (age 74)
Almora, United Provinces, India
(now in Uttarakhand, India)
CitizenshipIndia
NationalityIndian
Political partyIndian National Congress
Parent(s)Rajendra Singh Rawat (father)
Devki Devi (mother)
EducationBachelor of Arts
L.L.B.
Alma materUniversity of Lucknow
OccupationPolitician

Early life and educationEdit

Harish Rawat was born in a Kumaoni Rajput family[4][5] in Mohnari village (Adbora Mohnari Graam Sabha), near Chaunalia (263680), Ranikhet in Almora district of the United Provinces (now Uttarakhand) on 27 April 1948 to Rajendra Singh Rawat and Devki Devi. He studied from GIC Chaunalia in his early days. He received a Bachelor of Arts and LL.B. from Lucknow University.[6] He is married to his fellow Congress member and politician Renuka Rawat who also obtained Bachelor of Law from Lucknow University.[7]

Early political careerEdit

Starting at village level politics, and after staying as a trade unionist and an Indian Youth Congress member for many years, he joined the Indian Parliament in 1980 as a member of the 7th Lok Sabha by defeating the BJP veteran Murli Manohar Joshi from Almora parliamentary constituency, followed by the 8th Lok Sabha and the 9th Lok Sabha. He has been head of Congress Volunteer Wing, Congress Seva Dal, since 1980. In 1981, he along with Subramanian Swamy and 13 others led first pilgrimage to Kailash–Manasarovar after 1962 Sino-Indian War.[8]

Later yearsEdit

In 2000, he was unanimously elected as President of Uttarakhand Pradesh Congress Committee,[9] and remained so until he was replaced by Yashpal Arya. In 2002, he was elected as a member of the Rajya Sabha, the upper house of Indian parliament.

In the 2009 general election, he left his traditional stronghold of Almora after it became a reserved seat post delimitation to contest from Haridwar, and won the election with over 3.3 Lakh of votes.[10]

Chief Minister of UttarakhandEdit

In February 2014, Rawat took the oath of office as Chief Minister of Uttarakhand when Vijay Bahuguna resigned due to criticism of his handling of rehabilitation after June 2013 floods.[11] In July 2014, he won a by-election from Dharchula assembly seat by over 19,000 votes.[12]

On 18 March 2016, nine Congress MLAs rebelled against Rawat, reducing the Congress-led Government to a minority. The Union Government decided to impose President's Rule in the state, and the order was signed by President Pranab Mukherjee on 27 March 2016.[13][14] He was later reinstated as Chief Minister on 11 May 2016 after winning the trust vote. On 11 March, Congress under the leadership of Harish Rawat lost the 2017 Assembly Elections to BJP. He was also defeated from the two seats (Haridwar Rural and Kichha) from which he contested.

Positions heldEdit

Year Description
1980 - 1984 Elected to 7th Lok Sabha
  • Member, House Committee
  • Member, Public Accounts Committee
1984 - 1989 Elected to 8th Lok Sabha (2nd term)
1989 - 1991 Elected to 9th Lok Sabha (3rd term)
  • Member, House Committee (1989–91)
  • Member, Committee on Official Language (1990–91)
  • Member, Consultative Committee of Ministry of Communications (1990–91)
2002 - 2008 Elected to Rajya Sabha
  • Member, Committee on Urban and Rural Development (2003–04)
  • Member, Consultative Committee for the Ministry of Power (2004–08)
  • Member, Indian Council of Agricultural Research Society (2004–08)
  • Member, Committee on MPLADS (Rajya Sabha) (2004–08)
2009 - 2014 Elected to 15th Lok Sabha (4th term)
  • Union Minister of State, Labour and Employment (2009–11)
  • Union Minister of State, Agriculture and Food Processing Industries (2011 - 2012)
  • Union Minister of State, Parliamentary Affairs (2011 - 2012)
  • Union Cabinet Minister, Water Resources (2012–14)
2014 - 2017 Elected to 3rd Uttarakhand Assembly in bye Election

Electoral PerformancesEdit

Lok SabhaEdit

Year Constituency Result Vote percentage Opposition Candidate Opposition Party Opposition vote percentage Ref
1980 Almora Won 46.31% Murli Manohar Joshi JNP 21.27% [15]
1984 Almora Won 61.26% Murli Manohar Joshi BJP 14.79% [16]
1989 Almora Won 42.45% Kashi Singh Airy UKD 39.39% [17]
1991 Almora Lost 37% Jeewan Sharma BJP 45.94% [18]
1996 Almora Lost 26.59% Bachi Singh Rawat BJP 41.05% [19]
1998 Almora Lost 33.60% Bachi Singh Rawat BJP 52.39% [20]
1999 Almora Lost 45.50% Bachi Singh Rawat BJP 48.39% [21]
2009 Haridwar Won 42.16% Swami Yatindranand Giri BJP 25.99% [22]
2019 Nainital–Udhamsingh Nagar Lost 34.41% Ajay Bhatt BJP 61.65% [23]

Uttarakhand Legislative AssemblyEdit

Year Constituency Result Vote percentage Opposition Candidate Opposition Party Opposition vote percentage Ref
2014 (Bye Elect) Dharchula Won 72.83% Vishnu Dutt BJP 24.75% [24]
2017 Haridwar Rural Lost 33.28% Yatishwaranand BJP 45.78%
2017 Kichha Lost 43.66% Rajesh Shukla BJP 45.77%
2022 Lalkuan Lost 33.08% Mohan Singh Bisht BJP 53.23%

ReferencesEdit

  1. ^ "Harish Rawat Rawat takes Charge as Union Minister of Water Resources". Press Information Bureau.
  2. ^ "Union Council of Ministers". The Hindu. 12 July 2011.
  3. ^ "Ministers and their portfolios". NDTV. Archived from the original on 29 November 2014. Retrieved 15 November 2014.
  4. ^ Chaturvedi, Rakesh Mohan. "Battle for Uttarakhand: Harish Rawat main hurdle for BJP". The Economic Times. Retrieved 27 July 2020.
  5. ^ "Not Just BJP, Congress' Harish Rawat Faces Ire of Party Workers Too as he Contests From Nainital : "I am Rana Sanga-Rajput King of 16 Century."". News18. 24 March 2019. Retrieved 27 July 2020.
  6. ^ Detailed Profile: Shri Harish Rawat National Portal of India
  7. ^ "Harish Rawat Biography - About family, political life, awards won, history". Elections in India. Retrieved 27 July 2020.
  8. ^ Pathak, Pratul (31 October 1981). "Kailas-Manasarovar: The abode of Lord Shiva and cosmic centre of the universe". India Today. Archived from the original on 12 March 2022. Retrieved 12 March 2022.
  9. ^ Harish Rawat elected Uttaranchal PCC chief [Usurped!] The Hindu, 4 December 2000.
  10. ^ Haridwar CNN IBN.
  11. ^ Chandramohan, C. k. (31 January 2014). "Bahuguna gives himself a parting gift". The Hindu.
  12. ^ "Uttarakhand CM Harish Rawat wins Dharchula's Assembly seat". The Economic Times. 9 August 2014. Retrieved 27 July 2014.
  13. ^ "Sting operation on Harish Rawat sea fate in Uttarakhand". hindustantimes.com. Hindustan Times. 28 March 2016. Retrieved 28 March 2016.
  14. ^ "उत्तराखंड के पूर्व CM हरीश रावत के खिलाफ कथित MLA खरीद फरोख्त का मामला दर्ज". ndtvkhabar.com.
  15. ^ "Vuabai9 - game nổ hũ, quay hũ uy tín nhất 2022 - VB9".
  16. ^ "Vuabai9 - game nổ hũ, quay hũ uy tín nhất 2022 - VB9".
  17. ^ "Vuabai9 - game nổ hũ, quay hũ uy tín nhất 2022 - VB9".
  18. ^ "Vuabai9 - game nổ hũ, quay hũ uy tín nhất 2022 - VB9".
  19. ^ "Vuabai9 - game nổ hũ, quay hũ uy tín nhất 2022 - VB9".
  20. ^ "Vuabai9 - game nổ hũ, quay hũ uy tín nhất 2022 - VB9".
  21. ^ "Vuabai9 - game nổ hũ, quay hũ uy tín nhất 2022 - VB9".
  22. ^ "Vuabai9 - game nổ hũ, quay hũ uy tín nhất 2022 - VB9".
  23. ^ "Election Commission of India".
  24. ^ http://election.uk.gov.in/Bye_Election_2014/Result-Bye_Election_2014/Form-21D&21E-42-Dharchula.pdf[bare URL PDF]

12. उत्तराखंड के मुख्यमंत्री ने प्रवासियों से कहा - घर लौट आओ प्लीज http://www.uttarakhandnews.org/2015/02/uttarakhandchiefministerharishrawat_4.html

External linksEdit

Lok Sabha
Preceded by Member of Parliament
for Almora

1980 – 1991
Succeeded by
Jeewan Sharma
Preceded by Member of Parliament
for Haridwar

2009 – 2014
Succeeded by
Rajya Sabha
Preceded by Member of Parliament
for Rajya Sabha Uttarakhand

2002 – 2008
Succeeded by
Political offices
Preceded by Union Minister of Water Resources
2012 – 2014
Succeeded by
Preceded by Chief Minister of Uttarakhand
1 February 2014 – 27 March 2016
Succeeded by
Preceded by Chief Minister of Uttarakhand
21 April 2016 – 22 April 2016
Succeeded by
Preceded by Chief Minister of Uttarakhand
11 May 2016 – 18 Mar 2017
Succeeded by
Party political offices
Preceded by
Office Established
President
Uttarakhand Pradesh Congress Committee

2000 – 2007
Succeeded by