Helium Act of 1925

Summary

Helium Act of 1925, 50 USC § 161, is a United States statute drafted for the purpose of conservation, exploration, and procurement of helium gas. The Act of Congress authorized the condemnation, lease, or purchase of acquired lands bearing the potential of producing helium gas. It banned the export of helium, for which the US was the only important source, thus forcing foreign airships to use hydrogen lift gas.[1] The Act empowered the United States Department of the Interior and United States Bureau of Mines with the jurisdiction for the experimentation, production, repurification, and research of the lighter than air gas. The Title 50 codified law provided the authority for the creation of the National Helium Reserve.

Helium Act of 1925
Great Seal of the United States
Long titleAn Act authorizing the conservation, production, and exploitation of helium gas, a mineral resource pertaining to the national defense, and to the development of commercial aeronautics, and for other purposes.
NicknamesHelium Conservation Act of 1925
Enacted bythe 68th United States Congress
EffectiveMarch 3, 1925
Citations
Public lawPub. L. 68–544
Statutes at Large43 Stat. 1110
Codification
Titles amended50 U.S.C.: War and National Defense
U.S.C. sections created50 U.S.C. ch. 10 § 161 et seq.
Legislative history
  • Introduced in the House as H.R. 5722 by Julius Kahn (R-CA) on May 2, 1924
  • Committee consideration by House Military Affairs
  • Passed the House on January 21, 1925 (Passed)
  • Passed the Senate on February 18, 1925 (Passed)
  • Reported by the joint conference committee on February 19, 1925; agreed to by the Senate on February 26, 1925 (Agreed) and by the House on February 28, 1925 (Agreed)
  • Signed into law by President Calvin Coolidge on March 3, 1925

Privatization of Helium ActEdit

The 104th United States Congress introduced four introductory bills in pursuit of privatizing the federal helium production and refining efforts of the United States.[2][3][4][5] On October 9, 1996, the Clinton Administration abolished the U.S. Federal Helium Refining Program through the passage of the Helium Privatization Act of 1996.[6][7][8]

Amendments to 1925 ActEdit

U.S. Congressional amendments to the Helium Act of 1925.

Date of Enactment Public Law Number Statute Citation Legislative Bill U.S. Presidential Administration
March 3, 1927 P.L. 69-758 44 Stat. 1387 H.R. 15344 Calvin Coolidge
September 1, 1937 P.L. 75-411 50 Stat. 885 S. 1567 Franklin D. Roosevelt
July 26, 1954 P.L. 83-527 68 Stat. 530 H.R. 8713 Dwight D. Eisenhower
September 13, 1960 P.L. 86-777 74 Stat. 918 H.R. 10548 Dwight D. Eisenhower
October 9, 1996 P.L. 104-273 110 Stat. 3315 H.R. 4168 William J. Clinton
October 2, 2013 P.L. 113–40 127 Stat. 534 H.R. 527 Barack H. Obama II

See alsoEdit

* Airship * Masterson, Texas
* Cliffside Gas Field (Texas) * Mineral Leasing Act of 1920
* Don Harrington Discovery Center * Noble gas
* Helium storage and conservation * Petrolia Oil Field (Texas)
* Hugoton Gas Field * Loon LLC
* Lifting gas * Shielding gas

ReferencesEdit

  1. ^ "There is a World-Wide Shortage of Helium". interestingengineering.com. 2019-06-09. Retrieved 2020-08-16.
  2. ^ "H.R. 846 ~ Helium Act of 1995". P.L. 104-273 ~ 110 Stat. 3315. Congress.gov. February 7, 1995.
  3. ^ "H.R. 873 ~ Helium Privatization Act of 1995". P.L. 104-273 ~ 110 Stat. 3315. Congress.gov. February 9, 1995.
  4. ^ "H.R. 2906 ~ Helium Privatization Act of 1996". P.L. 104-273 ~ 110 Stat. 3315. Congress.gov. January 30, 1996.
  5. ^ "H.R. 3008 ~ Helium Privatization Act of 1996". P.L. 104-273 ~ 110 Stat. 3315. Congress.gov. March 5, 1996.
  6. ^ "Helium Privatization Act of 1996 ~ P.L. 104-273" (PDF). 110 Stat. 3315 ~ House Bill 4168. U.S. Government Printing Office. October 9, 1996.
  7. ^ "H.R. 4168 ~ Helium Privatization Act of 1996". P.L. 104-273 ~ 110 Stat. 3315. Congress.gov. September 25, 1996.
  8. ^ Clinton, William J. (October 9, 1996). "Statement on Signing the Helium Privatization Act of 1996 - October 9, 1996". Internet Archive. Washington, D.C.: National Archives and Records Service. p. 1796.

Historical BibliographyEdit

  • "Amarillo Helium Plant - Potter County ~ Marker Number: 144". Texas Historic Sites Atlas. Texas Historical Commission. 1965.
  • Anderson, H. Allen. "Exell Helium Plant". Handbook of Texas Online. Texas State Historical Association.
  • Kansas Historical Society. "Gas Well in Dexter". Kansapedia. Kansas Historical Society.
  • Anonymous (July 24, 1927). "HELIUM PLANT TO OPEN.; Dexter (Kan.) Field, Called Richest in World, to Supply Airships". The New York Times. p. 2.
  • Anonymous (February 26, 1938). "Purchase of Helium Land Completes U.S. Monopoly". The New York Times. p. 4.
  • "Helium Time Columns Monument and Museum - Amarillo ~ Marker Number: 2430". Texas Historic Sites Atlas. Texas Historical Commission. 1968.
  • Weaver, Bobby D. "Keyes Helium Extraction Facility". Encyclopedia of Oklahoma History and Culture. Oklahoma Historical Society.
  • Alsobrook, Adam. "Taking Preservation Lightly: Historic Helium Plants in Texas". Texas Historical Commission.
  • Anonymous (October 17, 1961). "Two Big Concerns to Build Helium Plant in Kansas". The New York Times. p. 53.
  • Haitch, Richard (January 3, 1982). "Follow-Up on the News; Helium Scare". The New York Times. p. 001033.

External linksEdit

  •   Media related to Helium production in the United States at Wikimedia Commons
  •   Media related to World War I balloons at Wikimedia Commons
  • Hoover, Herbert C. (October 10, 1930). "The President's News Conference of October 10, 1930". Internet Archive. Washington, D.C.: National Archives and Records Service. pp. 428–429.
  • Hoover, Herbert C. (October 10, 1930). "Statement About the Export of Helium - October 10, 1930". Internet Archive. Washington, D.C.: National Archives and Records Service. p. 430.
  • Roosevelt, Franklin D. (May 25, 1937). "A Recommendation as to a Policy for the Exportation of Helium - May 25, 1937". University of Michigan Library Digital Collections. Washington, D.C.: National Archives and Records Service. pp. 223–227.
  • Roosevelt, Franklin D. (May 11, 1938). "White House Statement on the Sale of Helium for Export - May 11, 1938". Internet Archive. Washington, D.C.: National Archives and Records Service. p. 335.
  • "Program To Supply Current and Future Helium Requirements" (PDF). U.S. GAO ~ B-114812. U.S. Government Accountability Office. May 18, 1970.
  • "Unique Helium Resources Are Wasting: A New Conservation Policy Is Needed" (PDF). U.S. GAO ~ EMD-78-98. U.S. Government Accountability Office. March 7, 1979.
  • "Mineral Resources: Meeting Federal Needs for Helium" (PDF). U.S. GAO ~ RCED-93-1. U.S. Government Accountability Office. October 30, 1992.
  • "Terminating Federal Helium Refining" (PDF). U.S. GAO ~ RCED-95-252R. U.S. Government Accountability Office. August 28, 1995.
  • "Federal Helium Program". U.S. Bureau of Land Management ~ Energy & Mineral Resources. U.S. Department of the Interior.