Hermes Ernesto da Fonseca


(Learn how and when to remove this template message)

Hermes Ernesto da Fonseca (September 1824 – February 7, 1891) was a Brazilian military officer and politician.

Hermes Ernesto da Fonseca
Hermes Ernesto da Fonseca.jpg
Hermes Ernesto da Fonseca
23rd President of Mato Grosso
In office
Preceded byAntonio de Cerqueira Caldas
Succeeded byJoão Batista de Oliveira
3rd Governor of Bahia
In office
Preceded byManuel Vitorino
Succeeded byVirgílio Clímaco Damásio
Personal details
Born(1824-07-02)July 2, 1824
Alagoas, Brazil
DiedFebruary 7, 1891(1891-02-07) (aged 66)
Rio de Janeiro, Brazil



The eldest son of Manuel Mendes da Fonseca (1785–1859) and Rosa Maria Paulina da Fonseca (1802–1873), he was the brother of Marshal Deodoro da Fonseca and father of the future president of the Brazilian republic, named after him, Hermes Rodrigues da Fonseca. He was also the brother of Severiano Martins da Fonseca, the Baron of Alagoa.[1]

From a military family, he pursued a career as his father and six brothers, serving in the Paraguayan War.

After the Proclamation of the Republic he occupied the command of the army troops in Salvador. Although brother of the new president, it took him along to join the new regime, only accepting it after news of the departure of the Brazilian imperial family to Europe.

He was an amateur musician, having composed sacred and military songs (such as Polca do Regimento and mazurca Icamacuá). He was married to Rita Rodrigues Barbosa da Fonseca and is buried in the Caju Cemetery.

President of the Province of Mato GrossoEdit

He was president of the province of Mato Grosso from July 5, 1875, to March 2, 1878, appointed by imperial letter of May 1, 1875.

Governor of BahiaEdit

Bahia was one of the last states to join the new regime, succeeding several intervenors who, due to the unstable climate, did not last in the post. Appointed by brother President Hermes da Fonseca, he took over from Manuel Vitorino, who was indisposing with the federal government, staying only five months ahead of the post, stepping down for health reasons, passing the post to the vice-president, Virgílio Clímaco Damásio.

He ruled Bahia from April 26 to September 14, 1890, a period in which he sought to calm tempers and consolidate the institutions of the new regime. He revoked several acts of his predecessor, including educational reform.


  1. ^ Abreu, Alzira Alves de. Dicionário histórico-biográfico da Primeira República (1889-1930). Editora FGV. ISBN 9788522516582 – via Google Books.