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Hierophylakes, also known as hierodidaskaloi, hieronomoi, or hierophantai, were priests for the Eumolpidae involved in performing acts of sacrifice.
Pausanias stated that new hierophantai were elected every quadrennial, and so individuals did not maintain an existence within this role for their life-time. He also stated that they might marry if they wished to do so known as, lambanein gynaika.
They are also mentioned in the HGK 1 inscription, an important component of the state calendar created in Kos about 360 B.C. which lists the officials present at sacrifices. The Hierophylakes alongside an archeuontes are noted to make a preliminary announcement before the sacrifice of an oxen.
^ abW.S. Bubelis ( edited by R. Laurence, A. Stromberg) (2012). Inheritance, Priesthoods, and Succession in Classical Athens:the Hierophantai of the Eumolpidai (in) Families in the Greco-Roman World. A&C Black. ISBN 978-1-4411-3927-6. Retrieved 2015-07-13.
^Stéphanie Paul (edited by Marietta Horster, Anja Klöckner) – Cities and Priests: Cult Personnel in Asia Minor and the Aegean Islands from the Hellenistic to the Imperial Period Volume 64 of Religionsgeschichtliche Versuche und Vorarbeiten, Walter de Gruyter 1 Jan 2014, 380 pages, ISBN 3-11-031848-2 [Retrieved 2015-07-13]
^Smith, David R. (1973). "The Hieropoioi on Kos". Numen. 20 (1): 38–47. doi:10.2307/3269657. ISSN 0029-5973. JSTOR 3269657.
^Buraselis, Kostas; Mpurazelēs, Kōstas (2000). Kos Between Hellenism and Rome: Studies on the Political, Institutional, and Social History of Kos from Ca. the Middle Second Century B.C. Until Late Antiquity. American Philosophical Society. ISBN 978-0-87169-904-6.