Himawari (satellites)


GMS, the first generation of Himawari

The Himawari (ひまわり, “sunflower”) geostationary satellites, operated by the Japan Meteorological Agency (JMA), support weather forecasting, tropical cyclone tracking, and meteorology research. Most meteorological agencies in East Asia, Southeast Asia, Australia and New Zealand use the satellites for their own weather monitoring and forecasting operations.

Originally also named Geostationary Meteorological Satellites (GMS),[1] since the launch of GMS-1 (Himawari 1) in 1977, there have been three generations, including GMS, MTSAT, and Himawari 8/9. Himawari 8/9 satellites are currently available for operational use.


Name Launch date
Retirement Rocket Launch site
GMS-1 (Himawari 1) 14 July 1977 June 1989 Delta 2914 Cape Canaveral
GMS-2 (Himawari 2) 11 August 1981 November 1987 N-II (N8F) Tanegashima
GMS-3 (Himawari 3) 3 August 1984 June 1995 N-II (N13F) Tanegashima
GMS-4 (Himawari 4) 6 September 1989 February 2000 H-I (H20F) Tanegashima
GMS-5 (Himawari 5) 18 March 1995 July 2005 H-II (F3) Tanegashima
MTSAT-1 (Mirai 1) 15 November 1999 Launch failure H-II (F8) Tanegashima
MTSAT-1R (Himawari 6) 26 February 2005 4 December 2015 H-IIA (F7) Tanegashima
MTSAT-2 (Himawari 7) 18 February 2006 10 March 2017 H-IIA (F9) Tanegashima
Himawari 8 7 October 2014 Operational H-IIA (F25) Tanegashima
Himawari 9 2 November 2016 Stand-by H-IIA (F31) Tanegashima

See also


  1. ^ "Exchange of Letters constituting an Agreement between the Government of Australia and the Government of Japan concerning Co-operation on the Project for the Geostationary Meteorological Satellite-4 System ATS 28 of 1990”. Australasian Legal Information Institute, Australian Treaties Library. Retrieved on 15 April 2017.

External links

  • Satellite Imagery from the Japan Meteorological Agency
  • Meteorological Satellite Center of JMA