Hindustani Awam Morcha

Summary

Hindustani Awam Morcha (Secular)
AbbreviationHAM-Se[1]
PresidentJitan Ram Manjhi
FounderJitan Ram Manjhi
Founded8 May 2015 (6 years ago) (2015-05-08)
Split fromJanata Dal (United)
IdeologySecularism
ColoursRed and White
ECI StatusBihar (State Party)
Alliance
Seats in Bihar Legislative Assembly
4 / 243
Seats in Bihar Legislative Council
1 / 75

Hindustani Awam Morcha (translation: Indian People's Front; abbreviated as HAM) is an Indian political party having presence in Bihar.

Formation

It was launched formally on 8 May 2015 by former Chief Minister of Bihar, Jitan Ram Manjhi, who left the Janata Dal (United) along with 18 others to form the party following the 2015 Bihar political crisis.[2][3] The name of the party was later changed to Hindustani Awam Morcha (Secular) (HAM-S).[4][5] In July 2015, the Election Commission recognised the HAM-S as a political party.[6] The election symbol of the party is a telephone.[7][8][9][10]

History

In July 2015, the party joined the NDA and contested 21 seats, with some additional members contesting on the BJP ticket in Bihar.[11] On 18 September 2015, Hindustani Awam Morcha announced its first list of 13 candidates with Manjhi contesting from Makhadumpur and Imamganj.[12][13]

The party ended up winning only in Imamganj with Manjhi himself losing in Makhdumpur.[14]

In the previous election, the alliance was led by the Bharatiya Janata Party alongside three smaller allies namely the Lok Janshakti Party, the Rashtriya Lok Samta Party and the Hindustani Awam Morcha, while the Janata Dal (United) had contested as part of the current opposition Mahagathbandan.[15][16] In 2017, the Janata Dal (United) switched alliance which caused the Mahagathbandan government to fall and the National Democratic Alliance came to power.[17] In 2018, two of the partners, the Rashtriya Lok Samata Party and the Hindustani Awam Morcha left the alliance.[18][19]

[20] During the campaigning phase in August 2020, the alliance was re-joined National Democratic Alliance. The party won four seats in Bihar Assembly elections 2020 and from the Manjhi's side his son Santosh Suman was made a minister in the Nitishj Kumar's cabinet.[21][22]

Prominent members

Electoral performance

Lok Sabha Elections

Lok Sabha Term Indian
General Election
Seats
contested
Seats
won
Votes Polled % of
votes
Ref.
17th Lok Sabha 2019 3 0 0.2 [1]

Bihar Vidhan Sabha

Vidhan Sabha Term General Election Seats
contested
Seats
won
Votes Polled % of
votes
Ref.
16th Vidhan Sabha of Bihar 2015 Bihar Legislative Assembly election 21 1 8,64,856 2.3
17th Vidhan Sabha of Bihar 2020 Bihar Legislative Assembly election 7 4 375,564 0.89

List of Members of Legislative Assembly in Bihar

No Name Constituency Year elected
1 Jitan Ram Manjhi Imamganj 2020
2 Jyoti Devi Barachatti 2020
3 Anil Kumar Tikari 2020
4 Prafull Kumar Manjhi Sikandra 2020

List of Members of Legislative Council of Bihar

No Name Year of

Appointment

Year of

Retirement

1 Santosh Suman Manjhi 2018 2024

See also

Notes

References

  1. ^ "Jitan Ram Manjhi floats 'Hindustani Awam Morcha' | India News - Times of India". The Times of India.
  2. ^ "Manjhi to rewrite Bihar politics: Nitish Mishra". The Statesman. 1 June 2015.
  3. ^ "Jitan Ram Manjhi announces new party as Hindustani Awam Morcha". 8 May 2015.
  4. ^ "Manjhi's Party HAM Adds 'Secular' to Its Name".
  5. ^ "Jitan Manjhi Wants Dalits to Unite Against Nitish Kumar in Bihar Polls". NDTV.com.
  6. ^ "Manjhis HAM recognised by poll panel". The Statesman. 29 July 2015.
  7. ^ "Jitan Ram Manjhi's Party HAM Gets Telephone Symbol". NDTV.com. 7 August 2015. Retrieved 23 August 2015.
  8. ^ "Green chilli, chappals among poll symbols | Patna News - Times of India". The Times of India.
  9. ^ "HAM gets 'Telephone' as election symbol". The Statesman. 5 August 2015.
  10. ^ "Jitan Ram Manjhi's party gets election symbol". gulfnews.com.
  11. ^ "Bihar Deal: BJP Wins Over Jitan Ram Manjhi, Now Paswan Upset, Say Sources". NDTV.com.
  12. ^ "Archived copy". www.hindustantimes.com. Archived from the original on 21 September 2015. Retrieved 17 January 2022.CS1 maint: archived copy as title (link)
  13. ^ Team, DNA Web (18 September 2015). "Bihar Polls 2015: HAM releases its first list; Manjhi to contest from Makhdumpur". DNA India.
  14. ^ "Assembly Election Result 2016, Assembly Election Schedule Candidate List, Assembly Election Opinion/Exit Poll Latest News 2016". infoelections.com. Retrieved 30 January 2017.
  15. ^ Sinha, Arjun (10 November 2015). "From lousy rallies to inept partners, the six charts that explain Modi's decimation in Bihar". Quartz India. Retrieved 7 October 2020.
  16. ^ Varma, Gyan (8 November 2015). "Bihar results: Social arithmetic, quota comments seen behind BJP's failure". Livemint. Retrieved 7 October 2020.
  17. ^ Bhaskar, Utpal (27 May 2019). "Lok Sabha win gives a 2nd wind to JD(U) for assembly polls, NDA in pole position". Livemint. Retrieved 7 October 2020.
  18. ^ Kumar, Prakash (10 December 2018). "Jolt to NDA; Kushwaha resigns as Union minister". Deccan Herald. Retrieved 7 October 2020.
  19. ^ "Jitam Ram Manjhi quits NDA, set to join 'Mahagathbandhan'". The Indian Express. 28 February 2018.
  20. ^ Tewary, Amarnath (2 September 2020). "Manjhi's HAM(S) joins NDA". The Hindu. ISSN 0971-751X. Retrieved 7 October 2020.
  21. ^ "Will remain with Nitish Kumar and NDA, says Hindustan Awam Morcha". Times of India. Retrieved 25 November 2020.
  22. ^ "Bihar Government: Check full list of ministers in new Nitish Kumar Cabinet". Jagran.com. 16 November 2020. Retrieved 25 November 2020.