Hinohara

Summary

Hinohara (檜原村, Hinohara-mura) is a village located in the western portion of Tokyo Metropolis, Japan. As of 1 April 2021, the village had an estimated population of 2,101, and a population density of 20 persons per km2.[1] The total area of the village is 105.41 square kilometres (40.70 sq mi). It is the only administrative unit left in the non-insular area of Tokyo that is still classified as a village.

Hinohara
檜原村
Hinohara Village Hall
Hinohara Village Hall
Flag of Hinohara
Official seal of Hinohara
Location of Hinohara in Tokyo
Location of Hinohara in Tokyo
Hinohara is located in Japan
Hinohara
Hinohara
 
Coordinates: 35°43′36.5″N 139°8′56″E / 35.726806°N 139.14889°E / 35.726806; 139.14889Coordinates: 35°43′36.5″N 139°8′56″E / 35.726806°N 139.14889°E / 35.726806; 139.14889
CountryJapan
RegionKantō
PrefectureTokyo
DistrictNishitama
Area
 • Total105.41 km2 (40.70 sq mi)
Population
 (April 2021)
 • Total2,101
 • Density20/km2 (52/sq mi)
Time zoneUTC+9 (Japan Standard Time)
Symbols 
• TreeHinoki
• FlowerKerria japonica
• BirdJapanese bush-warbler
Phone number042-598-1011
Address467-1 Hirohara-mura, Nishitama-gun, Tokyo 190-0212
WebsiteOfficial website
Scene in Hinohara Village

GeographyEdit

Hinohara lies in the mountainous upper reaches of the Akigawa, a tributary of the Tama River. The highest point is the summit of Mount Mitō at 1528 m. 93% of its area is forest.Motoshuku, at the confluence of the north and south branches of the Akigawa, is the center of the village and is where the village offices are located. Mountains in Hinohara include Shōtō (990 m), Ichimichi (795 m), Kariyose (687 m), Usuki (842), and Ōdake (1267 m).

The name Hinohara means the field or forest of Chamaecyparis obtusa. Formerly the trees were cut down to provide timber to build wooden structures in Edo.

Surrounding municipalitiesEdit

Tokyo Metropolis

Kanagawa Prefecture

Yamanashi Prefecture

ClimateEdit

Hinohara has a Humid subtropical climate (Köppen Cfa) characterized by warm summers and cool winters with light to no snowfall. The average annual temperature in Hinohara is 11.8 °C. The average annual rainfall is 2091 mm with September as the wettest month. The temperatures are highest on average in August, at around 23.2 °C, and lowest in January, at around 0.3 °C.[2]

DemographicsEdit

Per Japanese census data,[3] the population of Hinohara has been decreasing since the 1950s, and is now less than half it was a century ago.

Historical population
YearPop.±%
1920 5,389—    
1930 5,513+2.3%
1940 5,693+3.3%
1950 6,373+11.9%
1960 5,650−11.3%
1970 5,036−10.9%
1980 4,230−16.0%
1990 3,808−10.0%
2000 3,256−14.5%
2010 2,555−21.5%

HistoryEdit

The area of present-day Hinohara was part of ancient Musashi Province. In the post-Meiji Restoration cadastral reform of July 22, 1878, the area became part of Nishitama District in Kanagawa Prefecture. The village of Hinohara was created on April 1, 1889 with the establishment of the modern municipalities system. Nishitama District was transferred to the administrative control of Tokyo Metropolis on April 1, 1893.

GovernmentEdit

Hinohara has a mayor-council form of government with a directly elected mayor and a unicameral village council of nine members. The village has 57 employees. Hinohara, collectively with the municipalities of Akiruno, Fussa, Hamura, Hinode, Mizuho and Okutama, contributes two members to the Tokyo Metropolitan Assembly. In terms of national politics, the village is part of Tokyo 25th district of the lower house of the Diet of Japan.

EconomyEdit

The principal industries of Hinohara are forestry and timber production. These days it is not as active as it used to be, but some young people are trying to run a new forestry company.[4] Recently, the quarrying industry has been used to mine stones from mountains. Also, many construction companies also receive public works orders.

In sunny areas on the mountain slopes, potatoes and konjaku are grown. Wasabi, mushrooms and cyclamen are also grown there.

In addition, Hinohara has many guest houses, inns, campsites, fishing grounds, hot springs, souvenir shops, and restaurants. These are service industries for tourists who come in search of abundant nature.

EducationEdit

The village has one public elementary school and one public junior high school.

TransportationEdit

RailwayEdit

Hinohara has no passenger railway service. The main form of public transportation is bus. Scheduled bus service is available from Musashi-Itsukaichi Station on the JR East Itsukaichi Line.

HighwayEdit

Hinohara has no national expressways or national highways. Tokyo Routes 33, 205, and 206 carry vehicular traffic.

ReferencesEdit

  1. ^ "Hinohara village official statistics" (in Japanese). Japan.
  2. ^ Hinohara climate data
  3. ^ Hinohara population statistics
  4. ^ 【就活ON!SPECIAL】青木亮輔 林業ベンチャー社長/切り開くのは未来『読売新聞』朝刊2018年9月4日(くらし・教育面)[dead link]

External linksEdit

  •   Media related to Hinohara, Tokyo at Wikimedia Commons
  • Hinohara Village Official Website (in Japanese)