Port Authority Trans-Hudson Hoboken–World Trade Center
Wtc path station platform.jpg
Hoboken-bound train at the World Trade Center PATH station. (2005)
Overview
TypeRapid transit
SystemPort Authority Trans Hudson
StatusOperational (Only On Weekdays)
LocaleHudson County, New Jersey and Manhattan, New York
TerminiWorld Trade Center (south)
Hoboken (north)
Stations4
Operation
OpenedJuly 19, 1909
OwnerPort Authority of New York and New Jersey
Operator(s)Port Authority Trans-Hudson
CharacterUnderground
Rolling stockPA5
Technical
Line length3 miles (4.8 km)
Number of tracks2-3 & 5
Track gauge1,435 mm (4 ft 8 12 in)
ElectrificationThird rail
Operating speed55mph
Route map
Legend
Newport
Hoboken
Exchange Place
World Trade Center

The Hoboken–World Trade Center is a rapid transit service operated by the Port Authority Trans-Hudson (PATH). It is colored green on the PATH service map and trains on this service display green marker lights.[1] This service operates from the Hoboken Terminal in Hoboken, New Jersey, by way of the Downtown Hudson Tubes to the World Trade Center in Lower Manhattan, New York.[1] The 3-mile (4.8 km) trip takes 11 minutes to complete, and is the shortest route in the PATH system.[2]

This service operates from 6:00 to 23:00 (11:00 PM) on weekdays, and does not operate during the late-night hours or on weekends.[3] Passengers wishing to travel from Hoboken to lower Manhattan at these times must take the Journal Square–33rd Street (via Hoboken) train from Hoboken and transfer at Grove Street to the Newark–World Trade Center line.[3] Previously, this branch operated on weekends as well, which made it the only PATH line that ran at all times except late nights. This is one of two routes from PATH on which every station is handicapped accessible, with the other being Newark-World Trade Center.

History

The Hoboken-World Trade Center service originated as the Exchange Place–Hudson Terminal service operated by the Hudson and Manhattan Railroad (H&M). It originally operated only between Exchange Place in Jersey City and the Hudson Terminal in Manhattan beginning on July 19, 1909. It became the Hoboken–Hudson Terminal service on August 2, 1909 after the southern terminus was extended to Hoboken Terminal via Erie station (now Newport station) in Jersey City.[4]

The H&M was succeeded by Port Authority Trans-Hudson (PATH) in 1962.[5] The Hudson Terminal station was replaced by the World Trade Center station in 1971 during construction of the World Trade Center.[6] Additionally, two other stations were rebuilt by PANYNJ. Exchange Place was rebuilt during the 1960s and 1970s, and the former Erie station was rebuilt as Pavonia Avenue.

Weekend Hoboken–World Trade Center service began on October 27, 1996.[7]

Following the destruction of the World Trade Center station in the September 11 attacks, which also required the closing of Exchange Place, the Hoboken-World Trade Center branch was suspended. Instead, a temporary branch using the same color code (green) operated between Hoboken and Journal Square. When Exchange Place reopened on June 29, 2003, the green color code was used for the temporary Hoboken-Exchange Place branch. The Hoboken-World Trade Center branch was restored when the temporary World Trade Center station opened on November 23.[8] On April 9, 2006, weekend service on this branch was discontinued to accommodate long-term construction on the World Trade Center site.[9]

The system, particularly the Hoboken station, suffered severe damage from Hurricane Sandy in late October 2012. The Hoboken station was closed for repairs caused by damage to trainsets, mud, rusted tracks, and destroyed critical electrical equipment after approximately 8 ft (2.4 m) of water submerged the tunnels in and around the station.[10] Damage was also reported at Exchange Place and World Trade Center stations. Due to the lengthy amount of time necessary to repair all of the damage, service on the line was temporarily suspended. On December 19, 2012, Hoboken station was reopened after its repairs were completed.[11] However, service on the line would not resume until January 29, 2013.[12]

Station listing

PATH Services

Route map:

KML is from Wikidata
Handicapped/disabled access Station Connections
New Jersey
Handicapped/disabled access Hoboken HOB-33, NJ Transit, Metro-North, Hudson-Bergen Light Rail
NJT Bus, NY Waterway
Handicapped/disabled access Newport JSQ-33, Hudson-Bergen Light Rail
NJT Bus, Academy Bus
Handicapped/disabled access Exchange Place NWK-WTC, Hudson-Bergen Light Rail
NJT Bus, A&C Bus
Manhattan
Handicapped/disabled access World Trade Center NWK-WTC, "1" train "2" train"3" train"4" train"5" train"A" train"C" train"E" train"J" train"N" train"R" train"W" train"Z" train "E" train
NYCT Bus, MTA Bus

References

  1. ^ a b "PATH Maps". The Port Authority of New York and New Jersey. Retrieved March 31, 2011.
  2. ^ "PATH Facts & Info". The Port Authority of New York and New Jersey. Retrieved March 31, 2011.
  3. ^ a b "PATH Full Schedules". The Port Authority of New York and New Jersey. Retrieved March 31, 2011.
  4. ^ Chiasson, George (July 2015). "Rails Under the Hudson Revisited - The Hudson and Manhattan". Electric Railroaders' Association Bulletin. 58 (7): 2–3, 5. Retrieved April 10, 2018 – via Issuu.
  5. ^ Wright, George Cable (January 23, 1962). "2 STATES AGREE ON HUDSON TUBES AND TRADE CENTER; New York and Jersey Settle on Bill to Permit Port Authority Operation NEW TERMINAL PLANNED Downtown H. & M. Depot to Be Erected in Conjunction With Commerce Unit Rehabilitation Due ACCORD REACHED ON HUDSON TUBES Savings Expected Boundaries Defined". The New York Times. ISSN 0362-4331. Retrieved May 1, 2017.
  6. ^ "Air-Cooled PATH Terminal in World Trade Center Opens Tuesday" (PDF). New York Times. July 1, 1971. p. 94. Retrieved May 30, 2010.
  7. ^ Pristin, Terry (October 25, 1996). "PATH Trains Streamlined". The New York Times. ISSN 0362-4331. Retrieved January 4, 2018.
  8. ^ "PATH - A Subsidiary of The Port Authority of NY & NJ". panynj.gov. 2001-12-14. Archived from the original on 2001-12-14. Retrieved 2018-06-11. Cite uses deprecated parameter |dead-url= (help)CS1 maint: unfit url (link)
  9. ^ "PATH Hoboken/World Trade Center Weekend Service Change Effective Sunday, April 9, 2006" (PDF). Port Authority of New York and New Jersey. April 9, 2006. Archived from the original (PDF) on April 10, 2006. Retrieved April 30, 2018. Cite uses deprecated parameter |dead-url= (help)
  10. ^ "PATH train repairs to cost $300M, with Hoboken station staying closed 'for weeks'". NorthJersey.com. November 27, 2012. Retrieved October 2, 2013.
  11. ^ Hack, Charles (December 19, 2012). "Hoboken commuters' verdict: reopened PATH train service was 'flawless'". The Jersey Journal. Retrieved December 20, 2012.
  12. ^ "Governors Christie and Cuomo Announce Full Restoration of PATH Service Between Hoboken and World Trade Center". The Port Authority of New York & New Jersey. Jan 29, 2013. Retrieved February 11, 2013.