Homburg, Saarland

Summary

Homburg (German: [ˈhɔmbʊʁk] (listen); French: Hombourg) is a town in Saarland, Germany and the administrative seat of the Saarpfalz district. With a population of approx. 42,950 inhabitants (1 December 2017), it is the third largest town in the state. The city offers over 30,000 workplaces. The medical department of the University of Saarland is situated here. The city is also home to the Karlsberg beer brewery. Major employers include Robert Bosch GmbH, Schaeffler Group and Michelin.

Homburg
Saint Michael Church
Saint Michael Church
Flag of Homburg
Coat of arms of Homburg
Location of Homburg within Saarpfalz district
BexbachHomburgKirkelSankt IngbertBlieskastelMandelbachtalGersheimFranceFranceRhineland-PalatinateNeunkirchen (district)Saarbrücken (district)Homburg in HOM.svg
About this image
Homburg is located in Germany
Homburg
Homburg
Homburg is located in Saarland
Homburg
Homburg
Coordinates: 49°19′N 7°20′E / 49.317°N 7.333°E / 49.317; 7.333Coordinates: 49°19′N 7°20′E / 49.317°N 7.333°E / 49.317; 7.333
CountryGermany
StateSaarland
DistrictSaarpfalz
Subdivisions9
Government
 • Lord mayor (2014–) Rüdiger Schneidewind[1] (SPD)
Area
 • Total82.65 km2 (31.91 sq mi)
Elevation
233 m (764 ft)
Population
 (2020-12-31)[2]
 • Total41,790
 • Density510/km2 (1,300/sq mi)
Time zoneUTC+01:00 (CET)
 • Summer (DST)UTC+02:00 (CEST)
Postal codes
66424 (66401–66424)
Dialling codes06841, 06848 (Einöd and Wörschweiler)
Vehicle registrationHOM
WebsiteOfficial website

GeographyEdit

Homburg is located in the northern part of the Saarpfalz district, bordering Rhineland-Palatinate. It is 16 km from Neunkirchen and 36 km from Saarbrücken.

The city districts are situated in the Blies valley or on its tributaries Erbach, Lambsbach and Schwarzbach.

Homburg is composed of Homburg center and nine city districts: Beeden, Bruchhof-Sanddorf, Einöd, Erbach, Jägersburg, Kirrberg, Reiskirchen, Schwarzenbach and Wörschweiler.

Einöd includes: Einöd, Ingweiler and Schwarzenacker; Jägersburg includes Jägersburg, Altbreitenfelderhof and Websweiler; Erbach includes Erbach, Lappentascherhof and Johannishof.

DemographicsEdit

Historical:[3]

Year 1814 1876 1905 1938 1945 1961 1970 1973 1974 2000 2003 2007 2008 2012 2014
Population 2900 3600 9400 20100 19600 29725 32175 33600 43100 46000 46000 44000 43691 41357 43000

Actual (as of December 1, 2017):[4]

Village District Population
Altbreitenfelderhof Jägersburg 125
Beeden Homburg Center 2.802
Bruchhof Homburg Center 1.831
Einöd Einöd 2.619
Erbach Homburg Center 12.363
Homburg Homburg Center 11.986
Ingweiler Einöd 140
Jägersburg Jägersburg 2.701
Kirrberg Kirrberg 2.744
Lappentascher Hof Homburg Center 191
Reiskirchen Homburg Center 1.238
Sanddorf Homburg Center 1.109
Schwarzenacker Einöd 646
Schwarzenbach Homburg Center 1.910
Websweiler Jägersburg 273
Wörschweiler Wörschweiler 272
Complete   42.950

HistoryEdit

Historical affiliations

County of Homburg 12th century–1449
  County of Nassau-Saarbrücken 1449–1680
  Kingdom of France 1680–1697
  County of Nassau-Saarbrücken 1697–1755
  Palatine Zweibrücken 1755–1793
  French Republic 1793–1804
  French Empire 1804–1815
  Kingdom of Bavaria 1816–1871
  German Empire 1871–1918
  Territory of the Saar Basin 1920–1935
  Nazi Germany 1935–1945
  Saar Protectorate 1947–1956
  West Germany 1957–1990
  Germany 1990–present

The Hohenburg Castle, nowadays a ruin, was in the 12th Century the seat of the counts of Homburg. In 1330 the village received the town status (Stadtrecht) by Louis the Bavarian.

 
Homburg in the 17th century
 
Fortress of Homburg 1700
 
The city from Schlossberg

PoliticsEdit

Since the administration reform 1974 Homburg has a Lord Mayor, before that it used to have a Mayor.[5]

Rüdiger Schneidewind (SPD) has been Lord Mayor of Homburg since October 1, 2014.

Main sightsEdit

 
Market square

TransportEdit

Homburg (Saar) Hauptbahnhof is the main railway station in the town, served by long-distance and regional trains. By road transport, the town is served by the motorways A6 (exit Homburg) and A8 (exits Limbach and Einöd).

Notable peopleEdit

Twin towns – sister citiesEdit

Homburg is twinned with:[6]

ReferencesEdit

  1. ^ Gewählte Ober-/Bürgermeister*innen, Landrät*innen und Regionalverbandsdirektor*in im Saarland, accessed 20 June 2021.
  2. ^ "Saarland.de – Amtliche Einwohnerzahlen Stand 31. Dezember 2020" (PDF). Statistisches Amt des Saarlandes (in German). June 2021.
  3. ^ Daten und Fakten, Bevölkerungsentwicklung auf www.homburg.de (in German)
  4. ^ Data and Facts, Population of villages on www.homburg.de (in German)
  5. ^ Verzeichnis der Bürgermeister und Oberbürgermeister von Homburg ab 1798 auf dem Webangebot der Stadt Homburg (in German)
  6. ^ "Partnerstädte". homburg.de (in German). Homburg. Retrieved 2021-02-15.

External linksEdit

  •   Homburg travel guide from Wikivoyage
  • (in German) Official website
  • (in German) Literature about Homburg
  • (in German) Kloster Wörschweiler