Horizons-1, also known as Galaxy 13, is a geostationary communications satellite operated by Intelsat and SKY Perfect JSAT (JSAT) which was designed and manufactured by Boeing on the BSS-601 platform. It has Ku-band and C-band payload and was used to replace Galaxy 9 at the 127.0° West longitude. It covers North America, Puerto Rico, Alaska, Hawaii and Mexico.
|Names||Horizons-1 / Galaxy 13|
|Operator||Intelsat / SKY Perfect JSAT|
Galaxy 13 Page
|Mission duration||15 years (planned)|
|Launch mass||4060 kg|
|Dry mass||2630 kg|
|Dimensions||26.2 x 7.0 metre|
with solar panels and antennas deployed.
|Start of mission|
|Launch date||1 October 2003, 04:03:07 UTC |
|Launch site||Ocean Odyssey|
|Reference system||Geocentric orbit|
|Band||Ku-band: 24 (+ 8 spares)|
C-band: 24 (+ 8 spares)
|Coverage area||North America, Puerto Rico, Alaska, Hawaii and Mexico|
|TWTA power||Ku-band, 108 watts|
C-band, 40 watts
The spacecraft was designed and manufactured by Boeing on the BSS-601 satellite bus. It had a launch mass of 4,060 kilograms (8,950 lb) and a mass of 2,630 kilograms (5,800 lb) at the beginning of its 15-year design life. When stowed for launch, it measured 5.7 metres (19 ft) of height and 2.7 by 3.6 metres (8 ft 10 in × 11 ft 10 in) on its sides. Its solar panels span 26.2 metres (86 ft) when fully deployed and, with its antennas in fully extended configuration it is 7.0 metres (23.0 ft) wide.
It had two wings with four solar panels each that used dual-junction GsAs solar cells. Its power system generated 9.9 kW of power at beginning of life and 8.9 kW at the end of its design life and had a 30-cell NiH battery for surviving solar eclipse.
Its propulsion system was composed of an R-4D-11-300 LAE with a thrust of 490 newtons (110 lbf). It also had twelve 22 newtons (4.9 lbf) bipropellant thrusters for station keeping and attitude control. For North-South stationkeeping, its primary method was an electric propulsion system with four XIPS 13, with four of the chemical thrusters acting as backup. It included enough propellant for orbit circularization and 15 years of operation.
Its Ku-band payload is composed of twenty four active plus eight spares 36 MHz transponders powered by TWTA with an output power of 108 watts. It covers North America, Puerto Rico, Alaska, Hawaii and Mexico and is known as Horizons-1.
The C-band payload had another twenty four plus eight spares 36 MHz transponders powered by 40 watts TWTA. It covers North America, Puerto Rico, Alaska, Hawaii and Mexico and is known as Galaxy 13, which was used to replace Galaxy 9.
Horizons Satellite was originally an equal share joint venture with PanAmSat. On 4 September 2001, it ordered from Boeing its first satellite, Horizons-1 / Galaxy 13. It was a 4,000 kilograms (8,800 lb) spacecraft with 24 C-band and 24 Ku-band transponders. It had a 10 kW power generation capacity and 15 years of expected life. On the same day of the satellite order, Boeing disclosed that it had received a parallel contract from PanAmSat, where the latter had exercised an existing option to launch Horizons-1 from its Sea Launch subsidiary.
It was successfully launched on 1 October 2003 at 04:03:07 UTC, aboard a Zenit-3SL rocket from the Ocean Odyssey platform stationed at the 154.0° West over the Equator in the Pacific Ocean. 100$ present.
In late 2005, PanAmSat was taken over by Intelsat who continued the joint venture.