Hunt Museum

Summary

The Hunt Museum (Irish: Iarsmalann Hunt) is a museum in the city of Limerick, Ireland. The Hunt Museum holds a personal collection donated by the Hunt family, it was originally situated in the University of Limerick, before being moved to its present location in Limerick's Georgian custom house in 1997. The Custom House is situated on Rutland Street on the banks of the River Shannon at its confluence with the Abbey River. Among the museum's collection are works by notable artists and designers such as Pablo Picasso, Jack B. Yeats, and Sybil Connolly as well as distinctive historical items such as the O'Dea Mitre and Crozier.

The Hunt Museum
Iarsmalann Hunt
Hunt Museum Limerick.jpg
Front view of the Hunt Museum in 2016
Hunt Museum is located in Ireland
Hunt Museum
Location within Ireland
Established1978; 44 years ago (1978)
LocationThe Custom House, Rutland Street, Limerick, Republic of Ireland
Coordinates52°39′59″N 8°37′28″W / 52.6663°N 8.6245°W / 52.6663; -8.6245Coordinates: 52°39′59″N 8°37′28″W / 52.6663°N 8.6245°W / 52.6663; -8.6245
TypeArt museum, Historic site, Antiquities, Fine Art, Private Collection
Collection sizeapprox. 2,500 objects[1]
Public transit accessLimerick Colbert railway station
Websitewww.huntmuseum.com

HistoryEdit

As antique dealers and advisors to collectors, as well as collecting pieces commercial purposes, John and Gertrude Hunt also acquired pieces that reflected their own interests and curiosity.[citation needed] During the latter stages of John Hunt's life, the couple became increasingly aware of the scale of their collection and wished that it would remain intact, so they began to search for a permanent home for it.[citation needed] They met Professor Patrick Doran of the National Institute of Higher Education (now University of Limerick) and Dr Edward Walsh, the institute's president, who agreed to house a substantial part of the collection on a temporary basis. The Hunt Museum opened there in 1978 in an exhibition room with the display designed by architect Arthur Gibney.

During this period, the Irish government had declined the offer of the Hunt's collection, so the requirement to find a suitable home and owner to take responsibility for the artifacts became more urgent.[citation needed] The Hunt Museums Trust was established in 1974 to hold the collection, and the property at Craggaunowen (a 16th-century four-storey tower house, typical of late medieval Ireland, purchased and restored by John and Gertrude Hunt) was held in trust on behalf of the people of Ireland.[citation needed] The trust established The Hunt Museum Ltd., the sole purpose of which was the establishment of a permanent home for the museum. A public private partnership involving the University of Limerick, Shannon Development, Limerick Corporation and the Department of Arts, Heritage, the Gaeltacht and the Islands,[2][failed verification] linked with local business interests secured the historic 18th-century former custom house in Limerick city together with the funds to restore and renovate the building for use as a museum.[citation needed] The museum was officially opened by the then Taoiseach John Bruton on 14 February 1997.[citation needed]

Custom HouseEdit

 
Nighttime view of the front of the Custom House from Clancy's Strand

The Hunt Museum is housed in Limerick's former Custom House, an eighteenth century building which is unusual in comparison to other Georgian buildings in the city in that the exterior of the building is limestone rather than red brick.[citation needed] It is a Palladian-style building designed by the Italian architect, Davis Ducart, in 1765.[3][4] Both the 'Captain's Room' and 'Red Staircase' are noted examples of Georgian architecture within the building.[citation needed] Ducart also designed several other Palladian-style buildings in Ireland including Castletown Cox in County Kilkenny and Florence Court in County Fermanagh. The Limerick Custom House was the administrative centre for the Revenue Commissioners (including Customs and Excise) in Limerick and it was also the home of the Customs Collector in the eighteenth century. In the 1840s, with the introduction of a new postal system, a Penny Post Office was opened in the Custom House.

The Office of Public Works (OPW) undertook a major restoration and refurbishment of the building, completing it in 1996. The Custom House opened as The Hunt Museum on 14 February 1997. The anniversary of the opening of The Hunt Museum is celebrated annually as 'Open Day' with free admission, talks, tours, and workshops.[citation needed]

CollectionEdit

The Hunt Museum holds about 2,500 different artifacts, both from Ireland and abroad. The oldest pieces are from Stone-Age Ireland and ancient Egypt. The collection includes the Antrim Cross (an early 9th-century cast bronze and enamel cross), dresses by Irish designer Sybil Connolly, drawings by Picasso and a bronze horse once thought to be a design by Leonardo da Vinci for a large monument. The bronze horse is similar to the Budapest horse, but its provenance was disproven in 2009.[5] Some of the Hunt collection is also on display at the nearby Craggaunowen in County Clare, which was also greatly contributed to by John and Gertrude Hunt.[6]

Religious artifactsEdit

John Hunt was extremely interested in early Christian art and artifacts and he collected them widely, so the museum collection held many religious items from rosary beads to statues of varying sizes, from not just Ireland but from around Europe. The Museums 'Treasury Room' houses a great number of these items and among the artifacts in this room are the Arthur Cross and Arthur Chalice.[citation needed] Also found in the collection are a number of medieval Christian pieces such as the Antrim Cross, the Cashel Bell, and the Hohenzollern Crucifix.[citation needed]

Sybil ConnollyEdit

 
Heiress dress 1957 by Sybil Connolly - Full Length Front

The Sybil Connolly collection at The Hunt Museum is formed by different documents, sketches, letters, photographs, ceramic and textile items. The textile collection is made up for 45 pieces designed by Sybil Connolly during her career. Most of the collection, which includes dresses like the "Heiress Dress" or "Pink Ice Dress", was donated to museum by Gertrude Hunt.[citation needed]

Temporary Exhibition GalleryEdit

Included in the plan to house the Hunt collection in the custom house was also an idea for a purpose built modern gallery space.[citation needed] It was completed as a part of the renovation of the Custom House and is sometimes used for temporary exhibitions that accompany the permanent collection.[citation needed]

Horse OutsideEdit

 
'Horse Outside' art installation

In 2011 a lifesize model of a horse, painted by young people aged 10–18 was placed outside the front of the building. This was joined by a second one in 2012. The models are made of fibreglass, and are taken inside at night. The art installation was inspired by the song Horse Outside by the group The Rubberbandits.[7]

ControversyEdit

In December 2003, the Simon Wiesenthal Center alleged in a letter to President Mary McAleese that the museum's collection contained items looted by the Nazis during the Second World War, although the letter did not refer to any specific items in the collection.[8][9][10][11] The museum denied the claims.[12]

An inquiry led by former Supreme Court judge Donal Barrington was set up by the museum, but its members resigned in February 2005, saying that the museum's funding made an independent inquiry impossible, and requesting that a more appropriate inquiry be created. The Department of Arts then provided €150,000 in funding for a second inquiry led by former civil servant Seán Cromien, under the auspices of the Royal Irish Academy (RIA).

The second inquiry submitted an interim report to the RIA in February 2006. In the meantime, in October 2005, the museum had published a catalogue of its exhibits on the internet, providing details of all the items in its collection. In June 2006, the inquiry submitted a final report, which was published on the RIA's website. Also in June 2006, a one-day conference took place on the theme of Contested Cultural Property and Museums: The Case of the Hunt Museum. At this conference, a message was conveyed from Shimon Samuels, who had sent the original letter of allegation, questioning why he had not been invited to the seminar. Later, the terms of reference of the Hunt Museum Evaluation Group were questioned, the Simon Wiesenthal Center believing that more emphasis should have been placed on investigating the purported Nazi links of the Hunt family and the Hunt Museum Evaluation Group believing that this lay beyond their terms of reference, which were to do with provenance research. The RIA issued a press release responding to the statement of the Simon Wiesenthal Center.[citation needed]

Resolution

A 2007 report[13] from Lynn Nicholas, published by the RIA following three years of investigation, called the Wiesenthal Center's allegations "unprofessional in the extreme". Nicholas found that the Wiesenthal Center had misidentified names in the letters.

"The name used, four times in one letter, is Buhl, not Buhrle, and the individual described, an unreliable dealer who sells forgeries, certainly bears no resemblance to the extremely rich collector and armaments manufacturer Emil Buhrle," the report said.[13]

In 2008, the Simon Wiesenthal Center published a 165 page analysis entitled, "The Hunt Controversy: A Shadow Report" written by Erin Gibbons which covered the history of the controversy and the findings.[14]

See alsoEdit

ReferencesEdit

  1. ^ "collection". the hunt museum.
  2. ^ "S.I. No. 308/2002 - Arts, Heritage, Gaeltacht and The Islands (Alteration of Name of Department and Title of Minister) Order 2002". Irish Statute Book. Retrieved 26 April 2011.
  3. ^ "1769 Hunt Museum Former Custom House Limerick". archiseek.com. 2009.
  4. ^ "The Hunt Museum, Rutland Street, Limerick Municipal Borough, Limerick". buildingsofireland.ie.
  5. ^ Sheridan, Anne (4 July 2009). "Hunt's 'Da Vinci' horse probably from the 19th, not 15th, century" (PDF). Limerick Leader. p. 9.
  6. ^ "Crannog Centre - Craggaunowen - Things To Do in Clare - Shannon Heritage". www.shannonheritage.com.
  7. ^ Limerick Leader 5 Jul 2012 Limerick’s ‘Horse Outside’ continues to inspire
  8. ^ Simon Wiesenthal Center allegations.
  9. ^ Team probing ‘Nazi loot’ in museum quits, The Sunday Times, 13 February 2005.
  10. ^ Museum launches inquiry over Nazi loot allegations, The Sunday Times, 9 October 2005.
  11. ^ "Museum launches inquiry over Nazi loot allegations". www.lootedart.com. Archived from the original on 24 November 2010. Retrieved 15 November 2021.
  12. ^ Hunt Museum Exonerated; Wiesenthal Center "Unprofessional", AP, 28 September 2007.
  13. ^ a b Lynn Nicholas, "Hunt Museum Final Report May 062". Archived from the original on 17 December 2013. Retrieved 17 December 2013., Royal Irish Academy, 2007.
  14. ^ Gibbons, Erin (2008). "The Hunt Controversy: A Shadow Report" (PDF). Centre Simon Wiesenthal.{{cite web}}: CS1 maint: url-status (link)

External linksEdit

  Media related to Hunt Museum at Wikimedia Commons

  • Official website
  • Hunt Museum Evaluation Group final report — June, 2006