Hygromiidae

Summary

Hygromiidae is a taxonomic family of small to medium-sized air-breathing land snails, terrestrial pulmonate gastropod mollusks in the superfamily Helicoidea.[1]

Hygromiidae
A live individual of Trochulus hispidus
Scientific classification Edit this classification
Domain: Eukaryota
Kingdom: Animalia
Phylum: Mollusca
Class: Gastropoda
Subclass: Heterobranchia
Order: Stylommatophora
Suborder: Helicina
Infraorder: Helicoidei
Superfamily: Helicoidea
Family: Hygromiidae
Tryon, 1866
Type genus
Hygromia
Risso, 1826
Genera

See text

Synonyms

Helicellidae Ihering, 1909

Anatomy edit

Some snails in genera within this family create and use love darts as part of their courtship and mating behavior.

In this family, the number of haploid chromosomes lies between 26 and 30 (according to the values in this table).[2]

Taxonomy edit

The family Hygromiidae consists of the following subfamilies (according to the taxonomy of the Gastropoda by Bouchet & Rocroi, 2005):[3]

  • subfamily Hygromiinae Tryon, 1866
    • tribe Hygromiini Tryon, 1866 - synonym: Cernuellini Schileyko, 1991
    • tribe Perforatellini Neiber, Razkin & Hausdorf, 2017
  • subfamily Leptaxinae C.R. Boettger, 1909
    • tribe Cryptosaccini Neiber, Razkin & Hausdorf, 2017
    • tribe Leptaxini C.R. Boettger, 1909
    • tribe Perforatellini Neiber, Razkin & Hausdorf, 2017
  • subfamily Metafruticicolinae Schileyko, 1972
  • subfamily Ponentininae Schileyko, 1991
  • subfamily Trochulininae Lindholm, 1927
    • tribe Archaicini Schileyko, 1978
    • tribe Caucasigenini Neiber, Razkin & Hausdorf, 2017
    • tribe Ciliellini Schileyko, 1970
    • tribe Halolimnohelicini H. Nordsieck, 1986
    • tribe Monachaini Wenz, 1930 (1904)
    • tribe Trochulini Lindholm, 1927
    • tribe Urticicolini Neiber, Razkin & Hausdorf, 2017

Genera edit

Genera with the family Hygromiidae include:

The type genus of this family is Hygromia Risso, 1826.

Not belonging to a subfamily
  • Archygromia Pfeffer, 1930
  • Camaenopsis Dollfus & Dautzenberg, 1924
  • Cernuellopsis Manganelli & Giusti, 1988
  • Helicotricha Giusti, Manganelli & Crisci, 1992
  • Hemistenotrema O. Boettger, 1897
  • Hochheimia Harzhauser & Neubauer, 2021
  • Ichnusomunda Giusti & Manganelli, 1998
  • Kalitinaia Hudec & Lezhawa, 1967
  • Leucochroopsis O. Boettger, 1908
  • Loganiopharynx Wenz, 1919
  • Pseudomonacha Pfeffer, 1930
  • Pseudoxerotricha C. R. Boettger, 1911
subfamily Hygromiinae Tryon, 1866
  • tribe Perforatellini Neiber, Razkin & Hausdorf, 2017
  • tribe incerta[5]
subfamily Leptaxinae C.R. Boettger, 1909
  • Tribe Cryptosaccini Neiber, Razkin & Hausdorf, 2017
  • Tribe Leptaxini C.R. Boettger, 1909
subfamily Metafruticicolinae Schileyko, 1972
subfamily Trochulininae Lindholm, 1927
  • Tribe Archaicini Schileyko, 1978
    • Angiomphalia Schileyko, 1978
    • Archaica Schileyko, 1970
    • Coronarchaica Neiber, Razkin & Hausdorf, 2017
    • Leucozonella Lindholm, 1927
    • Odontotrema Lindholm, 1927
    • Paedhoplita Lindholm, 1927
  • Tribe Ashfordiini Neiber, Razkin & Hausdorf, 2017
  • tribe Caucasigenini Neiber, Razkin & Hausdorf, 2017
    • Anoplitella Lindholm, 1929
    • Caucasigena Lindholm, 1927[6]
    • Circassina P. Hesse, 1921[6]
    • Diodontella Lindholm, 1929[6]
    • Dioscuria Lindholm, 1927[6]
    • Fruticocampylaea Kobelt, 1871[6]
    • Hygrohelicopsis Schileyko, 1978[6]
    • Lazicana Neiber, Walther & Hausdorf, 2018
    • Teberdinia Schileyko, 1978[6]
  • tribe Halolimnohelicini H. Nordsieck, 1986
    • Elgonella Preston, 1914
    • Halolimnohelix Germain, 1913
    • Haplohelix Pilsbry, 1919
    • Vicariihelix Pilsbry, 1919
  • tribe Monachaini Wenz, 1930 (1904)
    • Abchasohela Hudec & Lezhawa, 1971
    • Batumica Schileyko, 1978
    • Caucasocressa P. Hesse, 1921[6]
    • Diplobursa Schileyko, 1968
    • Euomphalia Westerlund, 1889
    • Harmozica Lindholm, 1927[6]
    • Hesseola Lindholm, 1927
    • Jasonella Lindholm, 1927
    • Karabaghia Lindholm, 1927
    • Lejeania Ancey, 1887
    • Monacha Fitzinger, 1833 - type genus of the subfamily Monachainae
    • Oscarboettgeria Lindholm, 1927[6]
    • Platytheba Pilsbry, 1895: synonym of Monacha Fitzinger, 1833 (junior synonym)
    • Prostenomphalia Baidashnikov, 1985
    • Pseudhesseola H. Nordsieck, 1993
    • Stenomphalia Lindholm, 1927
  • tribe Trochulini Lindholm, 1927
  • Raeticella Kneubühler, Baggenstos & Neubert, 2022

Synonyms edit

  • Kokotschashvilia Hudec & Lezhawa, 1969:[6] synonym of Dioscuria Lindholm, 1927
  • Shileykoia Hudec, 1969:[6] synonym of Fruticocampylaea Kobelt, 1871
  • Tyrrheniella: synonym of Tyrrheniellina Giusti & Manganelli, 1992
  • Zenobiella Gude & Woodward, 1921 - with the only species Zenobiella subrufescens (Miller, 1822): synonym of Zenobiellina Holyoak, D. T. & Holyoak, G. A., 2018 (junior synonym)

References edit

  1. ^ Helicellidae Ihering, 1909
  2. ^ Barker G. M.: Gastropods on Land: Phylogeny, Diversity and Adaptive Morphology. in Barker G. M. (ed.): The biology of terrestrial molluscs. CABI Publishing, Oxon, UK, 2001, ISBN 0-85199-318-4. 1-146, cited pages: 139 and 142.
  3. ^ Neiber, Marco T.; Razkin, Oihana; Hausdorf, Bernhard (2017). "Molecular phylogeny and biogeography of the land snail family Hygromiidae (Gastropoda: Helicoidea)". Molecular Phylogenetics and Evolution. 111: 169–184. doi:10.1016/j.ympev.2017.04.002. PMID 28390908.
  4. ^ Schileyko A. A. & Horsák M. (2007). "A new genus and two new species of Hygromiidae (Pulmonata) from southern Siberia". Ruthenica 17(1-2): 69-72. abstract.
  5. ^ Cucherat X. & Demuynck S. (2006). "Catalogue annoté des Gastéropodes terrestres (Mollusca, Gastropoda) de la région Nord - Pas-de-Calais". MalaCo, Bulletin de la Malacologie Continentale Française, (2) Archived 2008-11-13 at the Wayback Machine: page 81. http://www.journal-malaco.fr/page-5.html Archived 2011-07-21 at the Wayback Machine
  6. ^ a b c d e f g h i j k l "Caucasian Land Snails" Archived 2014-03-03 at the Wayback Machine. accessed May 2, 2014.

External links edit

  • A page of images of shells of species in the family
  • Razkin, O., Gómez-Moliner, B. J., Prieto, C. E., Martínez-Ortí, A., Arrébola, J. R., Muñoz, B., Chueca, L. J. & Madeira, M. J. (2015). Molecular phylogeny of the western Palaearctic Helicoidea (Gastropoda, Stylommatophora). Molecular Phylogenetics and Evolution. 83: 99-117
  • Neiber, M. T., Razkin, O. & Hausdorf, B. (2017). Molecular phylogeny and biogeography of the land snail family Hygromiidae (Gastropoda: Helicoidea). Molecular Phylogenetics and Evolution. 111: 169-184.