Mission typeEarth observation
Remote sensing
COSPAR ID1994-068A
SATCAT no.23323
Mission duration3 years (planned)
Spacecraft properties
BusIRS-1E [1]
Launch mass804 kg
Power510 watts
Start of mission
Launch date15 October 1994. 05:08:00 UTC
Launch siteSriharikota, FLP
Entered service7 November 1994
End of mission
Last contactSeptember 1997
Orbital parameters
Reference systemGeocentric [2]
Perigee altitude804 km
Apogee altitude881 km
Period98.7 minutes
Epoch15 October 1994
← IRS-1E
IRS-P3 →

IRS-P2 was an Earth observation satellite launched under the National Natural Resources Management System (NNRMS) programme undertaken by Indian Space Research Organisation (ISRO). The objectives of the mission was to provide spaceborne capability to India in observing and managing the natural resources and utilizing them in productive manner. The satellite carried imaging multi-spectral radiometers on board for radio sensing of the resources.


The satellite was designed, developed and tested in just one and a half years.[3] IRS-P2 is one of the satellites in the Indian Remote Sensing Programme of Earth Observation satellites, assembled, launched and maintained by the Indian Space Research Organisation.[4] The satellite was controlled by ISRO Telemetry Tracking and Command Network (ISTRAC) in Bangalore, Lucknow and Mauritius. The National Remote Sensing Agency (NRSC), Hyderabad received the first signal from IRS-P2, 98 minutes after the launch. The IRS-P2 was declared operational from 7 November 1994 after certain orbital manoeuvres and started its 3-year-long observation mission.[5][6] The letter "P" indicates that the satellite was to be launched aboard a Polar Satellite Launch Vehicle (PSLV).[7]


IRS-P2 carried two identical payloads, LISS-2A and LISS-2B, two solid state push broom cameras operating using CCD arrays and were capable of providing imagery in four spectral bands in the visible and near-infrared range with 32.74 metres (107.4 ft) resolution.[8][9]


IRS-P2 completed its mission successfully in September 1997 after a duration of 3 years.[10]

The images was marketed through a private company in the United States.[11] The data transmitted from the satellite was gathered from National Remote Sensing Centre, Hyderabad and EOSAT, a partnership of Hughes Aircraft and RCA.[12]

See also


  1. ^ "IRS-P2 - Gunter Space Page". Retrieved 8 March 2013.
  2. ^ "IRS-P2: Trajectory 1994-068A". NASA. 17 April 2020. Retrieved 4 May 2020. This article incorporates text from this source, which is in the public domain.
  3. ^ "India's IRS family comes of age. (Indian Remote Sensing Programme)". Hindustan Times  – via HighBeam Research (subscription required). 1 August 1996. Archived from the original on 24 September 2015. Retrieved 8 March 2013.
  4. ^ "IRS-P3". Earthnet Online. Retrieved 2 February 2013.
  5. ^ "Space Yuga". Archived from the original on 7 February 2012. Retrieved 3 May 2013.
  6. ^ "Space Craft Encyclopedia".
  7. ^ "IRS-P3". Earthnet Online. Retrieved 4 May 2020.
  8. ^ "ISRO-IRS-P2". Vikram Sarabhai Space Center. VSSC. Archived from the original on 6 July 2013. Retrieved 8 March 2013.
  9. ^ "Earth Observation Satellites > IRS-P2". ISRO. Retrieved 8 March 2013.
  10. ^ - 4 May 2020
  11. ^ "IRS-P2: Display 1994-068A". NASA. 17 April 2020. Retrieved 4 May 2020. This article incorporates text from this source, which is in the public domain.
  12. ^ "IRS (Indian Remote Sensing Satellite)". Federation of American Scientists. Retrieved 8 March 2013.

External links

  • ISRO IRS-P2 link