Imotski
Grad Imotski
Town of Imotski
Imotski Town Hall
Imotski Town Hall
Flag of Imotski
Flag
Official seal of Imotski
Seal
Nickname(s): 
Grad na gori (Town on the hill)
Imotski is located in Croatia
Imotski
Imotski
Location of Imotski in Croatia
Coordinates: 43°27′N 17°13′E / 43.450°N 17.217°E / 43.450; 17.217Coordinates: 43°27′N 17°13′E / 43.450°N 17.217°E / 43.450; 17.217
Country Croatia
CountyFlag of Split-Dalmatia County.svg Split-Dalmatia
Government
 • MayorIvan Budalić (HDZ)
Area
 • Town73.25 km2 (28.28 sq mi)
Elevation395 m (1,296 ft)
Population
 (2011)
 • Town10,764
 • Urban
4,757
Time zoneUTC+1 (CET)
 • Summer (DST)UTC+2 (CEST)
Postal code
21262
Area code(s)021
Vehicle registrationIM
Websitewww.imotski.hr

Imotski (Croatian pronunciation: [ǐmɔtskiː]; Italian: Imoschi; Latin: Emotha, later Imota) is a small town on the northern side of the Biokovo massif, Dalmatian Hinterland, Croatia. As of 2011, the town population is 4,757 and the total municipal population is 10,764.[2] Imotski has a very mild and pleasant climate with many sunny days.

Geography

The town is located close to the border with Bosnia and Herzegovina, 10 km away from Posušje. The nearest coastal town is Makarska, on the othe side of the Biokovo massif.

The town is located on the crossroad of D60 and D76 state roads and 20 km from the Sveti Ilija Tunnel. The A1 motorway is accessed at the Zagvozd Interchange, next to the D76 expressway

Imotski is known for its medieval fortress on the rocks of Blue Lake. Another phenomenon is the Red Lake which looks like an eye in the scenery. Both lakes are said to be connected with underground channels to the Adriatic Sea.

History

The region of Imotski County has been populated in the Neolithic age. At the time of Illyrians and Romans it was known as "Emotha" and later "Imota". It was first mentioned by today's name by Byzantine Emperor Constantin Porphyrogennetos in the 10th century. In medieval historical sources it was mentioned as important fortress. The fortress above the town, Topana, was first mentioned in the 9th century, in the times of Croatian sovereigns.

Imotski was held by the Turks from the fall of Bosnia in 1492 until 1717 when it was captured by the Venetians.[3] In April 1717, a small church, dedicated to the Lady of Angels, was built in honour of the victory against the Ottomans. The Lady of Angels has since then been honored as patroness of Imotski and Imotski region.

The Hasanaginica folk ballad was created in the Imotski region in mid 17th century.

In 1912, a secondary school was built in Imotski when the town was part of the Kingdom of Dalmatia within the Austro-Hungarian empire.

From 1941 to 1945 Imotski was part of the Independent State of Croatia. In April 1944, German forces shot down three American B-24s. The local population saved many of the American personnel despite being bombed by them. One airman/paratrooper, Marion Dropulich (Marijan Dropuljić) who crashed near Imotski, but survived and was taken by Italian Soldiers happened to have been a Croatian American with immediate Imotski ancestry.[4][failed verification]

Climate

The climate is modified Mediterranean, with the highest air temperature averaging 26 °C (79 °F) during July and the lowest averaging 5 °C (41 °F), in January. Summers are usually very hot during the day.

Temperatures above 10 °C (50 °F) last for more than 240 days a year.

Two kinds of wind are common in the area - the northern to north-eastern bora, which usually brings cold and clear weather in winter, and the southern to south-eastern sirocco, which often brings rain.

Population

According to the 2011 census, the town proper has a population of 4,757, while the whole municipality has a population of 10,764.[2] The absolute majority are Croats with 96.78% of the population.[5]

The Town of Imotski administratively consists of following settlements:

  • Donji Vinjani - 2,169
  • Glavina Donja - 1,748
  • Glavina Gornja - 283
  • Gornji Vinjani - 1,422
  • Imotski - 4,757
  • Medvidovića Draga - 385

Notable people

Žarko Domljan, the first Speaker of the Croatian Parliament, was born in Imotski. The famous poet Tin Ujević spent part of his childhood in Imotski. Politician, poet and Croatian dissident Vlado Gotovac was born and spent his early years in Imotski. The town itself is home to Croatian league football club NK Imotski.

There are other individuals born in Imotski to have made their names known outside of the local region. In the world of entertainment, there is the singer Neda Ukraden and film director Antun Vrdoljak. Sports stars include female tennis player Silvija Talaja and footballers Zvonimir Boban, Tomislav Bušić and Ivan Gudelj. The father of former Canada national men's ice hockey team captain Joe Sakic, Marijan Šakić, is from Imotski. The famous boxer Mate Parlov was born near Imotski in the village of Ričice, and a croatian emigrant famous for air piracy Zvonko Bušić is also from Imotski. Dinko Šakić officer in WWII NDH was born in Imotski, and Veljko Kadijević, Minister of Defence in the Yugoslav government from 1988 to 1992, was born in Glavina Donja, near Imotski, but then moved to Moscow,Russia. Ante Rebić is from Imotski. Mario Kris Kasalo is a consumer class action attorney with parents from Imotski.[6]

2020 effigy-burning incident

On February 23, 2020, opponents of LGBT rights burned an effigy of a gay couple with a child at a carnival in Imotski, with many adults and children watching. The child doll bore the face of Nenad Stazić, a member of the Croatian parliament who believes that same-sex couples in Croatia should be allowed to foster children.[7][8][9]

Twin towns

Imotski is twinned with:

References

  1. ^ "Differences in population development of Imotski and the surrounding rural settlements" (PDF). Geoadria. 10 (2): 191–209. 2005. Retrieved 1 April 2019.
  2. ^ a b "Population by Age and Sex, by Settlements, 2011 Census: Imotski". Census of Population, Households and Dwellings 2011. Zagreb: Croatian Bureau of Statistics. December 2012.
  3. ^ Naklada Naprijed, The Croatian Adriatic Tourist Guide, pg. 308, Zagreb (1999), ISBN 953-178-097-8
  4. ^ "Na vrhu Malog Maglaja obilježena 17. obljetnica akcije Zima '94". 2011-11-30. Archived from the original on January 3, 2012. Retrieved January 2, 2020.
  5. ^ "Population by ethnicity, by towns/municipalities, 2011 census". Državni zavod za statistiku. 2011. Retrieved 11 August 2019.
  6. ^ Manson, Patricia (May 15, 2015). "Debt-collection effort costs the collector". Chicago Daily Law Bulletin. Retrieved 2020-02-24.
  7. ^ Sprayregen, Molly (2020-02-24). "Town burns effigy of kissing gay couple holding a child as part of carnival "celebration"". LGBTQ Nation. Retrieved 2020-02-25.
  8. ^ "Torched Effigy of Gay Couple Causes Outrage in Croatia". Balkan Insight. 2020-02-24. Retrieved 2020-02-25.
  9. ^ Stilin, Forrest (23 February 2020). "Croatia Town Burns Gay Couple Effigy at Parade: Imotski Residents Cheer". www.total-croatia-news.com. Retrieved 2020-02-25.

Further reading

  • Ante Ujević (1991) [1954]. Imotska krajina. Matica hrvatska.
  • Vjeko Vrčić (1996). Plemena Imotske krajine. Franjevački Samostan. ISBN 978-953-6012-03-9.
  • Nedeljko Kujundžić (1981). Imotska krajina u narodnooslobodilačkoj borbi 1941-1945: pali borci, žrtve fašističkog terora i spomen obilježja. Prilozi izučavanju revolucionarnog pokreta, NOB-a i socijalističke revolucije. Imotski.

External links

  • Official website (in Croatian)
  • Imotske novine(Newspapers of Imotski) (in Croatian)
  • Imotski forum (in Croatian)
  • extensive overview
  • Radio Imotski (in Croatian)