Indian Council of Agricultural Research

Summary

Indian Council of Agricultural Research
Logo of Indian Council of Agricultural Research.png
Logo of the Indian Council of Agricultural Research
Motto in English
Agrisearch with a human touch
TypeRegistered society
Established16 July 1929; 92 years ago (16 July 1929)
Budget7,800 crore (US$1.0 billion) (2018–19)[1]
PresidentMinister of Agriculture
DirectorTrilochan Mohapatra
Location, ,
CampusUrban
NicknameICAR
Websiteicar.gov.in

The Indian Council of Agricultural Research (ICAR) is an autonomous body responsible for co-ordinating agricultural education and research in India. It reports to the Department of Agricultural Research and Education, Ministry of Agriculture.[2] The Union Minister of Agriculture serves as its president.[3][4] It is the largest network of agricultural research and education institutes in the world.[5]

The committee to Advise on Renovation and Rejuvenation of Higher Education (Yashpal Committee, 2009) has recommended setting up of a constitutional body – the National Commission for Higher Education and Research – which would be a unified supreme body to regulate all branches of higher education including agricultural education.[6] Presently, regulation of agricultural education is the mandate of ICAR, Veterinary Council of India (Veterinary sub-discipline) and Indian Council of Forestry Research and Education (Forestry sub-discipline). The UPA government has included Yashpal Committee recommendations in its '100 days agenda'.[7] premier institute of agriculture in India

Milestones

  • 2006: ICAR developed a vaccine against bird flu. The vaccine was developed at the High Security Animal Disease Laboratory, Bhopal, the only facility in the country to conduct tests for the H5N1 variant of bird flu. It was entrusted with the task of developing a vaccine by the ICAR after the Avian Influenza outbreak in February.
  • 2009: In December 2009, it announced that it was considering a policy to provide open access to its research.
  • 2010: In March 2010, ICAR made its two flagship journals (Indian Journal of Agricultural Sciences and Indian Journal of Animal Sciences) as Open Access Journals.[8]
  • 2011: ICAR scientists were the first in the world to sequence the pigeonpea genome. It was an indigenous effort by 31 scientists led by Nagendra Kumar Singh of NRCPB. The first draft of the sequence was published in J. Plant Biochem. Biotechnol.
  • 2013: On 13 September 2013, it announced the Open Access Policy and committed for making all the public funded scholarly research outputs openly available via open access repositories.[9]
  • 2019: ICAR has also published an Integrated Mobile App called KISAAN (Krishi Integrated Solution for Agri Apps Navigation) for Farmers of country Mobile App has interface in 12 Indian Languages.

Accreditation

ICAR provides accreditation to agriculture universities, colleges and programmes, through its accreditation unit, National Agricultural Education Accreditation Board (NAEAB).[10] The accreditation serves only as a badge of quality assurance. It is not mandatory, is not a form of affiliation or recognition and does not give approval to open an institute or a program.[11] As of 17 September 2020, the NAEAB lists 72 accredited institutes.[12]

Court case

In 2021, Goa University withdrawal its affiliation for BSc (Hon) Agriculture degree course of Don Bosco College of Agriculture, Sulcorna, a college established in 2015. This happened after ICAR issued a letter on March 2, 2021 to the vice chancellor of Goa University stating that the national agricultural education board of ICAR in its 27th meeting of the National Agricultural Education Accreditation Board (NAEAB) held on Feb 24, 2021 did not consider BSc (Hons) agriculture programme of Don Bosco College of Agriculture for accreditation. College makes a case in High Court against withdrawal of its affiliation by pointing out that ICAR is a society and a non-statutory body and its accreditation is voluntary.[13] In September 2021, college got affiliation to the first year BSc (Hon) Agriculture degree programme only for 2021-22 academic year with conditions of “the college shall obtain an undertaking from the students being admitted that they are aware that the college presently does not have accreditation from ICAR and essential condition and suggestion laid down by the affiliation inquiry committee in the last AIC report needs to be complied especially with regards to the appointment of teachers.”[14]

ICAR institutions

As of January 2020, ICAR has following institutions:[15]

  • 4 Deemed Universities
  • 65 ICAR Institutions
  • 14 National Research Centres
  • 6 National Bureaux
  • 13 Directorates/Project Directorates

Deemed Universities

Institutes

National Research Centers

  • National Research Centre for Banana, Tiruchirappalli
  • National Research Centre for Grapes, Pune
  • National Research Centre for Litchi, Muzaffarpur
  • National Research Centre for Pomegranate, Solapur
  • National Research Centre on Camel, Bikaner
  • National Research Centre on Equines, Hisar
  • National Research Centre on Meat, Hyderabad
  • National Research Centre on Mithun, Medziphema, Nagaland
  • National Research Centre on Orchids, Pakyong, Sikkim
  • National Research Centre on Pig, Guwahati
  • National Research Centre on Seed Spices, Ajmer
  • National Research Centre on Yak, West Kemang
  • National Centre for Integrated Pest Management, New Delhi
  • Mahatma Gandhi Integrated Farming Research Institute, Motihari

Bureaus

  • National Bureau of Agricultural Insect Resources, Bengaluru
  • National Bureau of Agriculturally Important Microorganisms, Mau
  • National Bureau of Animal Genetic Resources, Karnal
  • National Bureau of Fish Genetic Resources, Lucknow
  • National Bureau of Plant Genetic Resources, New Delhi
  • National Bureau of Soil Survey & Land Use Planning, Nagpur

Directorates/Project Directorates

  • Directorate of Cashew Research, Puttur
  • Directorate of Coldwater Fisheries Research, Bhimtal, Nainital
  • Directorate of Floricultural Research, Pune
  • Directorate of Groundnut Research, Junagadh
  • Directorate of Knowledge Management in Agriculture (DKMA), New Delhi
  • Directorate of Medicinal and Aromatic Plants Research, Anand
  • Directorate of Mushroom Research, Solan
  • Directorate of Onion and Garlic Research, Pune
  • Directorate of Poultry Research, Hyderabad
  • Directorate of Rapeseed & Mustard Research, Bharatpur
  • Directorate of Soybean Research, Indore
  • Directorate of Weed Research, Jabalpur
  • Project Directorate on Foot & Mouth Disease, Mukteshwar

ATARIs

  • Agricultural Technology Application Research Institute, Zone I, Ludhiana, Punjab
  • Agricultural Technology Application Research Institute, Zone II, Jodhpur, Rajasthan
  • Agricultural Technology Application Research Institute, Zone III, Kanpur, Uttar Pradesh
  • Agricultural Technology Application Research Institute, Zone IV, Patna, Bihar
  • Agricultural Technology Application Research Institute, Zone V, Kolkata, West Bengal
  • Agricultural Technology Application Research Institute, Zone VI, Guwahati, Assam
  • Agricultural Technology Application Research Institute, Zone VII, Umiam, Meghalaya
  • Agricultural Technology Application Research Institute, Zone VIII, Pune, Maharashtra
  • Agricultural Technology Application Research Institute, Zone IX, Jabalpur, Madhya Pradesh
  • Agricultural Technology Application Research Institute, Zone X, Hyderabad, Telangana
  • Agricultural Technology Application Research Institute, Zone XI, Bengaluru, Karnataka

ICAR Headquarters

Indian Council of Agricultural Research's headquarters is in New Delhi.

Examination system

All India Entrance Exam for Agriculture (AIEEA) conducted by National Testing Agency (NTA) is an entrance exam for admission into the agricultural universities recognized by ICAR.

Agricultural Research Service

The Agricultural Scientists Recruitment Board (ASRB) conducts all India competitive examination Agricultural Research Service (ARS), to recruit posts in the ARS of Indian Council of Agricultural Research.

ICAR awards

ICAR presents the following awards:[16]

  • Choudhary Devi Lal Outstanding All-India Coordinated Research Project Award
  • Rafi Ahmed Kidwai Award
  • Fakhruddin Ali Ahmed Award for Tribal Areas
  • Hari Om Ashram Trust Award
  • Jawaharlal Nehru Award for outstanding doctoral thesis research
  • Vasantrao Naik Award
  • Lal Bahadur Shastri Young Scientist Award
  • Bharat Ratna Dr C Subramaniam Outstanding Teacher Award
  • Punjab Rao Deshmukh Woman Agricultural Scientist Award
  • Chaudhary Charan Singh Award for Excellence in Journalism in Agricultural Research and Development
  • N.G. Ranga Farmer Award for Diversified Agriculture
  • Jagjivan Ram Kisan Puruskar
  • Swamy Sahajanand Saraswati Extension Scientist/ Worker Award
  • ICAR Award for Outstanding Multidisciplinary Team Research in Agriculture and Allied Sciences
  • National Krishi Vigyan Kendra Award
  • Dr Rajendra Prasad Puruskar for Technical Books in Hindi in The Field of Agriculture and Allied Sciences
  • Udyan Pandit Award for excellence in fruit growing

See also

References

  1. ^ . ICAR https://icar.org.in/content/icar-budget-book-2018-19. {{cite web}}: Missing or empty |title= (help)
  2. ^ "About us". Indian Council of Agricultural Research. Retrieved 3 March 2015.
  3. ^ Organization
  4. ^ "ICAR-CPCRI strive to bring back coconut leaf craft to mainstream with workshop from Sep 6 - Times of India". The Times of India.
  5. ^ India 2016, "Agriculture" p.93, Ministry of Information and Broadcasting, (New Delhi).
  6. ^ "Archived copy" (PDF). Archived from the original (PDF) on 6 August 2009. Retrieved 25 June 2009.{{cite web}}: CS1 maint: archived copy as title (link)
  7. ^ Sibal: Yash Pal panel report will be implemented in 100 days, The Hindu, 25 June 2009
  8. ^ "ICAR Journals in Open Access". www.icar.org.in. Retrieved 27 March 2016.
  9. ^ "The Indian Council of Agricultural Research Adopts an Open Access Policy". The Centre for Internet and Society. Retrieved 27 March 2016.
  10. ^ "National Agricultural Education Accreditation Board". Indian Council of Agricultural Research. Retrieved 15 September 2019.
  11. ^ "Public Notice regarding clarification on 'Recognition' and 'Accreditation'" (PDF). Indian Council of Agricultural Research. 5 September 2017. Retrieved 15 September 2019.
  12. ^ "Status of NAEAB Accredited Agriculture Universities/Colleges /Programmes as on 17 September 2020" (PDF). Indian Council of Agricultural Research. 17 September 2020. Retrieved 12 January 2021.
  13. ^ Aug 28, TNN /; 2021; Ist, 04:02. "Agricuture college takes legal route over BSc course | Goa News - Times of India". The Times of India. Retrieved 11 September 2021.{{cite web}}: CS1 maint: numeric names: authors list (link)
  14. ^ https://timesofindia.indiatimes.com/city/goa/gu-restores-affiliation-of-sulcorna-agriculture-college-with-conditions/articleshow/86438293.cms
  15. ^ "ICAR Institutions, Deemed Universities, National Research Centres, National Bureaux & Directorate/Project Directorates | भारतीय कृषि अनुसंधान परिषद". icar.gov.in. Indian Council of Agricultural Research. Retrieved 26 October 2017.
  16. ^ http://www.icar.org.in/merits.html

External links

  • Official website