Intelsat 2

Summary

Intelsat 2
NamesIS-2
PAS-2
PanAmSat-2
Panamsat K1
Mission typeCommunications
OperatorPanAmSat (1994-2006)
Intelsat (2006-2011)
COSPAR ID1994-040A
SATCAT no.23175
Websitehttp://www.intelsat.com
Mission duration15 years (planned)
16.5 years (achieved)
Spacecraft properties
SpacecraftPAS-2
Spacecraft typeBoeing 601
BusHS-601
ManufacturerHughes
Launch mass2,920 kg (6,440 lb)
Dry mass1,727 kg (3,807 lb)
Power4.3 kW
Start of mission
Launch date8 July 1994, 23:05:32 UTC
RocketAriane 44L H10+ (V65)
Launch siteCentre Spatial Guyanais, ELA-2
ContractorArianespace
Entered serviceSeptember 1994
End of mission
DisposalGraveyard orbit
DeactivatedJuly 2011
Last contact28 February 2011
Orbital parameters
Reference systemGeocentric orbit [1]
RegimeGeostationary orbit
Longitude169° East (1994-2010)
157° East (2010)
174° East (2010-2011)
Transponders
Band40 transponders:
20 C band
20 Ku-band
Coverage areaOceania, Pacific Rim, Pacific Ocean region
← PAS-1
PAS-3 →
 

Intelsat 2, formerly PAS-2, was a communications satellite operated by Intelsat which spent most of its operational life serving the Pacific Rim market from a longitude of 169° East.[2] Launched in July 1994, the satellite was operated by PanAmSat until it merged with Intelsat in 2006. The spacecraft was renamed, along with the rest of PanAmSat's fleet, on 1 February 2007.[3]

Satellite description

PAS-2 was constructed by the Hughes Aircraft Corporation, based on the HS-601 satellite bus. It had a mass at launch of 2,920 kg (6,440 lb), which decreased to around 1,727 kg (3,807 lb) by the time it was operational. Designed for an operational life of 15 years, the spacecraft was equipped with 20 C-band and 20 Ku-band transponders.[3] Its two solar panels, which had a span of 26 m (85 ft) generated 4.7 kW of power when the spacecraft first entered service, which was expected to drop to around 4.3 kW by the end of the vehicle's operational life.[2]

Launch

Arianespace launched PAS-2, using an Ariane 4 launch vehicle, flight number V65, in the Ariane 44L H10+ configuration. The launch took place from ELA-2 at the Centre Spatial Guyanais at 23:05:32 UTC on 8 July 1994. The satellite was placed into a geosynchronous transfer orbit (GTO), from which it raised itself into geostationary orbit by means of an R-4D-11-300 apogee motor.[3]

Intelsat 2

Intelsat 2 (PAS-2), launched in January 1996, the satellite was operated by PanAmSat until it merged with Intelsat in 2006. The spacecraft was renamed, along with the rest of PanAmSat's fleet, on 1 February 2007.[3]

Decommissioning

Intelsat 2 was removed from geostationary orbit in February 2011, being placed into graveyard orbit on 28 February 2011.[4] Manoeuvring into graveyard orbit did not fully deplete the satellite's propellant as had been expected, so engineering operations continued until July 2011 in order to exhaust the remaining supply. The satellite was then decommissioned and powered down.[5]

References

  1. ^ McDowell, Jonathan. "SATCAT". Jonathan's Space Report. Retrieved 14 April 2021.
  2. ^ a b "Panamsat 2". The Satellite Encyclopedia. Tag's Broadcasting Services. 28 February 2021. Retrieved 14 April 2021.
  3. ^ a b c d "PAS 2, 3, 3R, 4 → Intelsat 2, 3R, 4". Gunter's Space Page. 11 December 2017. Retrieved 14 April 2021.
  4. ^ Crandall, Susan H. (25 March 2011). "Intelsat 2 De-orbit". Letter to Ms. Marlene H. Dortch, Federal Communications Commission. FCC. Retrieved 14 April 2021. This article incorporates text from this source, which is in the public domain.
  5. ^ Crandall, Susan H. (15 July 2011). "Supplement to Intelsat 2 De-orbit Notice". Letter to Ms. Marlene H. Dortch, Federal Communications Commission. FCC. Retrieved 14 April 2021. This article incorporates text from this source, which is in the public domain.