International MaxxPro


The International M1224 MaxxPro MRAP (Mine Resistant Ambush Protected) vehicle is an armored fighting vehicle designed by American company Navistar International's subsidiary Navistar Defense along with the Israeli Plasan Sasa, who designed and manufactures the vehicle's armor.[4] The vehicle was designed to take part in the US Military's Mine Resistant Ambush Protected vehicle program, led by the US Marine Corps, as well as a similar US Army-led Medium Mine Protected Vehicle program.[5]

International M1224 MaxxPro MRAP
Navistar MaxxPro.JPG
TypeMRAP Category 1 & 2
Service history
Used bySee operators
WarsWar in Afghanistan
War in Iraq (2013-2017)
Syrian Civil War
Production history
DesignerInternational Truck/Plasan
ManufacturerInternational Truck
No. built9,000[1]
MassCAT I:
28,000–29,500 lbs (12.7–13.4 t)
30,000–32,000 lbs (13.6–14.5 t)[2]
Length21.17–23.5 ft (6.5–7.2 m)
Width8.25 ft(2.5 m)
Height10 ft (3 m)

Engine9.3L, 570 cubic inches MaxxForce D9.3I6 I6[3]
330 hp @ 2,100 rpm; 375 hp in Plus and Dash variants
Power/weight18.9–20 hp/US ton
Payload capacity3,650–11,150 lbs (1.6–5 t)
TransmissionAllison 3000 5-speed automatic
Suspension4×4, wheeled semi-elliptical leaf springs
Ground clearance14" (0.35 m)

MRAPs are categorized as category 1 or category 2, depending on usage and passenger compartment space, and Navistar produces the MaxxPro in both sizes, although the vast majority of those sold have been category 1 MRAPs. The MaxxPro Plus model comes with dual rear wheels for increased load carrying capacity, such as an ambulance or EFP protected variant. The latest model produced is the MaxxPro Dash, which is a smaller and lighter category 1 model. Both the Plus and Dash models use the MaxxForce 10 engine with 375 hp, in place of the DT 530 with 330 hp, used in the original base model produced.


The M1224 MaxxPro base model uses a crew capsule with a V-shaped hull, mounted on an International 7000 chassis. The V-hull deflects the blast of a land mine or improvised explosive device (IED) away from the vehicle to protect its occupants. Because the chassis is mounted outside the armored crew capsule, there are concerns that it will likely be destroyed in the event of an ambush, leaving the soldiers inside stranded.[5] However, according to Navistar Defense spokesperson Roy Wiley, the MaxxPro "did extremely well during the tests, and we are extremely pleased."[6] This design may prove as effective as the Krauss-Maffei Wegmann ATF Dingo that uses a similar design, one which mounts an armored capsule to a Unimog chassis. This design has survived a 7 kg (15 lb) land mine blast with no injuries.[7]

According to Navistar Defense, the vehicle is designed with operational readiness in mind and uses standardized, easily available parts, to ensure rapid repair and maintenance.[8] The armored body is bolted together instead of welded, as in other MRAPs. This facilitates repair in the field and is a contributing factor to Navistar's greater production capacity for the MaxxPro.[9]

In 2010, the Army initiated a development effort to add electronic stability control (ESC), a computerized technology designed to improve vehicle stability, to the MaxxPro. The MaxxPro's high ground clearance provides greater protection from underbody blasts, but also raises its center of gravity, causing rollovers in certain situations. The ESC combines road factors, vehicle data, and driver intent to automatically correct driving to ensure stability during maneuvers. Installation on MaxxPros began in late 2014 and is to be completed by late 2017, with other MRAPs planned to have ESC integrated onto them.[10]


Initially just two vehicles were delivered for testing at the Aberdeen Proving Ground in March 2007.

Following testing, a first order for 1,200 MRAP Category 1 MaxxPro vehicles was placed by the US Marine Corps Systems Command on 31 May 2007 for delivery by February 2008.[11] However, as the U.S. Army Research and Development laboratory is overseeing the entire MRAP program, it is unclear which branches of the US Armed Services will be receiving the vehicles, and in what numbers.[6] The contract was worth over $623 million, making it then the biggest MRAP contract to date. The US Marine Corps plans to replace all HMMWVs "outside the wire" in Iraq with MRAP vehicles.

A further order for 16 Category 2 versions (dubbed MaxxPro XL) was placed on 19 June 2007 for delivery by September 2007.[12]

An additional 755 Category 1 MaxxPros were ordered on 20 July 2007, also for delivery by February 2008, and a third order for a further 1,000 vehicles was announced on 18 October 2007.[13][14]

In the final order of 2007 a further 1,500 Category 1 MaxxPros were ordered bringing the total to 4,471.[15] Of total MRAP orders to the end of 2007, 45% are MaxxPros (66% of Category 1 MRAPs).

In the first order of 2008, 743 Category I MaxxPros were ordered. The MaxxPro was by now the only Category I MRAP still receiving fresh orders.[16]

On 19 September 2012, Navistar received an order worth $282 million to upgrade more than 2,300 MaxxPro Dash vehicles to the MaxxPro Dash ISS version. The upgrades include the Diamond Xtream Mobility Independent suspension system. The upgrade is designed to give the vehicles improved capability and technology for a lower cost than purchasing a brand-new vehicle. Work began in December in Afghanistan in the field and was completed by June 2013.[1]

About 9,000 MaxxPro vehicles were bought by the U.S. Army between 2007 and 2011, and they plan to keep only about 3,000 of them.[17] Navistar is pitching the MaxxPro MRAP as a vehicle that can be upgraded into a mobile command post or power generator. With budget cuts, the plan would allow the Army to get solutions they want from the existing fleet.[18] The company is also planning to make it a maintenance vehicle and mortar carrier.[19]

M113 replacementEdit

Navistar considered modifying the MaxxPro to fit Army requirements for the Armored Multi-Purpose Vehicle program to replace the M113 family of vehicles. Navistar felt that although it has less capabilities such as gap crossing, their wheeled MRAP could be capable enough to meet the solutions required and be cheaper by selecting a vehicle already in the inventory.[19] Navistar offered the MaxxPro as a stop-gap solution to replace the M113 quickly with the more survivable MRAP, to be used until the AMPV can be fielded in 2020.[20] BAE Systems was awarded the AMPV contract in December 2014.[21]

The company is also pitching the MaxxPro to replace the M113 in units above brigade level not directly involved in fighting for the same cost saving reasons.[22]


MaxxPro Plus M1234Edit

MaxxPro Plus with Frag Kit 6.

On 16 June 2008 Navistar debuted a new version called MaxxPro Plus. MaxxPro Plus has increased engine power and payload, as well as Frag Kit 6 enhancements for increased explosively formed penetrator protection.[23]

MaxxPro Dash M1235Edit

MaxxPro Dash

On 4 September 2008 the U.S. Marine Corps awarded Navistar a $752 million contract to develop and produce a lighter, smaller, and more mobile MaxxPro variant that is less prone to the rollover problems that have plagued MRAP vehicles. MaxxPro Dash M1235A1 has a smaller turning radius and higher torque to weight ratio. Production of the MaxxPro Dash began in October 2008 with delivery of 822 units completed by February 2009.[24][25]

MaxxPro Dash DXM M1235a1Edit

MaxxPro Dash with improved DXM suspension system.

MaxxPro Dash DXM AmbulanceEdit

On 5 May 2011 Navistar Defense received a $183 million delivery order for 250 International MaxxPro Dash ambulances with DXM independent suspension.[26]

MaxxPro XLEdit

The MaxxPro XL is a Category II MRAP version of the MaxxPro. It is a larger and longer version of the base vehicle. Because it is longer, it has three bullet-resistant windows on each side, instead of two. The MaxxPro XL can carry up to 10 soldiers.[27]


MaxxPro MRV

There is also an MRAP Recovery Vehicle; 250 have been ordered. These are well suited to recovering other vehicles which have been damaged by IEDs.[28]

On 18 July 2011 Navistar Defense received a delivery order for an additional 140 MRVs with rocket-propelled grenade (RPG) nets from the U.S. Marine Corps Systems Command.[26]


At Association of the United States Army 2013, a version called the Mission Command on the Move (MCOTM) was displayed as a command post with monitors, computers, and antennae mounted in the back for communications and surveillance. Five passengers can monitor incoming information, see unmanned aerial vehicle feeds, and keep track of where units are operating. The vehicle has an on-board transmission-integrated power generator that can produce up to 120 kilowatts of exportable power, which eliminates the need for a towed trailer and can single-handedly power a semi-permanent tactical operations center. It would allow commanders to be connected to dismounted troops and headquarters while on the move. The MCOTM version will undergo testing at the Army's network integration evaluations in February 2014.[17][18]


Map of MaxxPro operators in blue with former operators in red

Current operatorsEdit

The first eight MaxxPros now in use of the 811th "Dragonii Transilvani" Maneuver Battalion and the 812th "Şoimii Carpaţilor" Maneuver Battalion deployed in Zabul Province, Afghanistan.
U.S. MaxxPros parked at a base in Maidan Wardak Province, Afghanistan
Elements of Albanian Special Operations Battalion provide security for coalition forces at an Afghan Border Police checkpoint.

Former operatorsEdit

Civilian operatorsEdit

See alsoEdit


  1. ^ a b Navistar Defense Receives $282 Million Order for MRAP Upgrades Archived 21 September 2012 at the Wayback Machine –, 19 September 2012
  2. ^ Wojdyla, Ben. "Chicago Auto Show: International MaxxPro". Jalopnik. Archived from the original on 11 February 2008. Retrieved 9 February 2008.
  3. ^ "D9.3I6 – MaxxForce&trade". Archived from the original on 25 May 2009. Retrieved 4 November 2014.
  4. ^ "$200M+ to Plasan to Armor MaxxPro MRAPs". Archived from the original on 17 January 2008. Retrieved 14 January 2008.
  5. ^ a b "More MRAPs: Navistar's MaxxPro Maintains the Pole Position". Archived from the original on 4 June 2007. Retrieved 1 June 2007.
  6. ^ a b – U.S. Orders 1,200 MRAPs – 05/31/07 12:56
  7. ^ Krauss-Maffei Wegmann – Ihr Partner rund um Wehrtechnik Archived 28 September 2007 at the Wayback Machine
  8. ^ International : News Detail Archived 29 June 2007 at the Wayback Machine
  9. ^ "Navistar wins $414M contract for 755 MRAPs". Army Times. 2007. Archived from the original on 18 July 2012.
  10. ^ U.S. Army Outfits First Vehicles with Electronic Stability Control ESC Archived 30 May 2015 at the Wayback Machine –, 26 May 2015
  11. ^ "Navistar : U.S. Marine Corps Awards $623 Million Contract for Mine-Resistant Ambush Protected (MRAP) Vehicles to International Military and Government, LLC". Archived from the original on 28 September 2007. Retrieved 4 November 2014.
  12. ^ "U.S. Marine Corps Awards $8.5 Million Contract for Category II Mine-Resistant Ambush Protected (MRAP) Vehicles to International Military and Government, LLC". Archived from the original on 30 September 2007. Retrieved 20 June 2007.
  13. ^ "Navistars MaxxPro: 1st Place in MRAP Orders". Archived from the original on 18 July 2007. Retrieved 24 July 2007.
  14. ^ DONNA BORAK. "Pentagon orders 2,400 armored vehicles". Archived from the original on 23 May 2011. Retrieved 4 November 2014.
  15. ^ "Navistar gets $1.2 billion MRAP truck order". Archived from the original on 12 February 2009. Retrieved 19 December 2007.
  16. ^ "Breaking International News & Views". Retrieved 17 March 2008.[dead link]
  17. ^ a b Industry Working To Give the MRAP New Life –, 21 October 2013
  18. ^ a b Navistar Pitches New Uses for Old MRAPs Archived 26 October 2013 at the Wayback Machine –, 23 October 2013
  19. ^ a b Industry to Army: The Vehicles You Own Can Perform Future Missions Archived 7 February 2016 at the Wayback Machine –, 24 October 2013
  20. ^ More Disputes Likely in US Army's AMPV Contest Archived 30 March 2014 at –, 29 March 2014
  21. ^ BAE Systems wins $1.2 bn contract to launch Armored Multi-Purpose Vehicle program Archived 30 December 2014 at the Wayback Machine –, 24 December 2014
  22. ^ MRAPs Join Competition to Replace Troop Carriers Archived 19 October 2014 at the Wayback Machine –, 20 May 2014
  23. ^ "Navistar News". Archived from the original on 4 November 2014. Retrieved 4 November 2014.
  24. ^ Navistar Gets $752 Million for 800+ 'MRAP-Lite' MaxxPro-Dash Vehicles Archived 4 December 2008 at the Wayback Machine
  25. ^ "Navistar Defense Wins $752 Million Contract for Lighter, More MRAP Variant". Archived from the original on 11 February 2009. Retrieved 4 November 2014.
  26. ^ a b "Archived copy". Archived from the original on 30 May 2010. Retrieved 15 January 2022.{{cite web}}: CS1 maint: archived copy as title (link)
  27. ^ MaxxPro XL Archived 14 January 2013 at the Wayback Machine –
  28. ^ "Navistar's MaxxPro: 1st Place in MRAP Orders". 15 December 2010. Archived from the original on 23 November 2010. Retrieved 15 December 2010.
  29. ^ Barkley, Summer (17 February 2015). "AFSBn-Afghanistan plays key role in historic title transfer of equipment directly to Afghan National". US Army. Archived from the original on 12 July 2015. Retrieved 1 July 2015.
  30. ^[dead link]
  31. ^ "Algeria operating MaxxPro armoured vehicles". Defence Web. 14 January 2019. Archived from the original on 14 January 2019. Retrieved 14 January 2019.
  32. ^ Informacje in: "Raport – Wojsko Technika Obronność" Nr. 05/2014, p. 79 (in Polish)
  33. ^ "Pogledajte oklopnjake koje je Amerika donirala Hrvatskoj". Archived from the original on 8 April 2014. Retrieved 7 April 2014.
  34. ^ Sabauri, Shota. "The Dead District: გილოცავთ 26 მაისს (ფოტოები ღონისძიებიდან)". Archived from the original on 22 December 2017. Retrieved 20 December 2017.
  35. ^ "U.S. Delivers Armored MRAP Vehicles to Egyptian Military". 12 May 2016. Archived from the original on 13 May 2016.
  36. ^ "Excess Defense Articles (EDA)". Archived from the original on 17 May 2016. Retrieved 13 May 2016.
  37. ^ Hungarian army receive 12 MRAP armoured vehicles MaxxPro Plus from United States Archived 13 December 2013 at the Wayback Machine –, 9 December 2013
  38. ^ a b "Puissante contre-offensive de l'Etat islamique dans le désert syrien". France Soir (in French). 16 October 2018. Archived from the original on 16 October 2018. Retrieved 16 October 2018.
  39. ^ "Internal Server Error" (PDF). Archived from the original (PDF) on 22 June 2017.
  40. ^ Source: PAKISTAN ORDERS 40 MAXXPRO MRAP VEHICLES FROM THE U.S Archived 22 February 2017 at the Wayback Machine –, 2 February 22, 2017
  41. ^ Army of Slovakia takes delivery of first MRAP Navistar MaxxPro donated by the United States Archived 23 September 2015 at the Wayback Machine –, 6 December 2013
  42. ^ United States approved major contract of MRAP vehicles for UAE Archived 7 November 2014 at the Wayback Machine –, 27 September 2014
  43. ^ "Estcoy-12 Receives US Combat Vehicles". News – ERR. 13 June 2011. Archived from the original on 7 April 2012. Retrieved 4 November 2014.
  44. ^ Weber, Artur (in Polish). MaxxPro dla PKW-A, "RAPORT Wojsko Technika Obronność" Nr. 10/2010, p.30
  45. ^ "Portugal to field US military MRAPs in Afghanistan | Jane's 360". 15 February 2018. Archived from the original on 15 February 2018. Retrieved 10 July 2020.
  46. ^ "Militares no Afeganistão recebem 4 novas viaturas de combate blindadas".
  47. ^ "SIPRI arms transfer database". Stockholm International Peace Research Institute. 21 June 2011. Archived from the original on 13 May 2011. Retrieved 21 June 2011.
  48. ^[permanent dead link]
  49. ^ "Davis acquires mine-resistant war vehicle while some complain of militarization of police". sacbee. Archived from the original on 22 September 2014. Retrieved 4 November 2014.
  50. ^ "Dakota County Sheriff's Office Acquires Decommissioned Military-grade, Mine-resistant Vehicle". Northfield, Minnesota Patch. 8 September 2013. Archived from the original on 1 April 2014. Retrieved 4 November 2014.
  51. ^ Eric Nicholson (27 September 2013). "Dallas County Now Has Its Very Own Bulletproof, "Mine-Protected" Military SUV". Unfair Park. Archived from the original on 3 November 2014. Retrieved 4 November 2014.
  52. ^ "Federal donation aids police in Gallatin, Hendersonville". USA Today. 22 August 2014. Retrieved 25 July 2017.
  53. ^ "Watertown Daily Times – Jefferson County Sheriff's Department to get $600,000 19-ton anti-IED military vehicle for free". Watertown Daily Times. Archived from the original on 4 November 2014. Retrieved 4 November 2014.
  54. ^ "New Castle police acquire armored vehicle". New Castle News. 23 February 2017. Archived from the original on 19 March 2017. Retrieved 25 July 2017.
  55. ^ "New Castle Police Department – New Castle, Pennsylvania, United States of America". Archived from the original on 12 September 2017. Retrieved 25 July 2017.
  56. ^ Stuart, Hunter (18 September 2013). "This College Now Has A 19-Ton Military-Style Armored Truck". Huffington Post. Archived from the original on 23 September 2013. Retrieved 21 September 2013.
  57. ^ "YPD gets armored truck". Siskiyou Daily News, Yreka, CA. Archived from the original on 5 November 2014. Retrieved 4 November 2014.

External linksEdit