Born in London, he was the son of Edward Edwards (1870–1944) of the British Museum, and his wife Ellen Jane Higgs. He attended Merchant Taylors' School, where he studied Hebrew, and then Gonville and Caius College, Cambridge, gaining a first class in Oriental Languages. He was awarded the William Wright studentship in Arabic and received his doctorate in 1933.
In 1934 Edwards joined the British Museum as Assistant Keeper in the Department of Egyptian and Assyrian Antiquities. He published Hieroglyphic Texts for Egyptian Stellae. in 1939. During World War II he was sent to Egypt on military duty. In 1946 he wrote The Pyramids of Egypt, which was published by Penguin Books in 1947. In 1955 he was appointed the Keeper of Egyptian Antiquities at the British Museum and organized the Tutankhamun exhibition in 1972. He remained there until his retirement in 1974.
On leaving the British Museum he worked with UNESCO during the rescue of the temple complex at Philae. He was also Vice-President of the Egypt Exploration Society, a Fellow of the British Academy (1962) and was appointed a CBE in 1968 for his services to the British Museum.
Edwards married Elizabeth Lisle in 1938. They had a daughter and a son.
- Obituaries archive - Society of Antiquaries of London Archived 13 June 2011 at the Wayback Machine
- Smith, H. S. "Edwards, (Iorwerth) Eiddon Stephen". Oxford Dictionary of National Biography (online ed.). Oxford University Press. doi:10.1093/ref:odnb/70768.(Subscription or UK public library membership required.)
- EMuseum profiles - Minnesota State University Archived 30 April 2008 at the Wayback Machine
- Malek, Jaromir (8 October 1996). "Obituaries: Eiddon Edwards, The Independent". The Independent. Retrieved 30 December 2017.
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