Iron(III) nitrate, or ferric nitrate, is the name used for a series of inorganic compounds with the formula Fe(NO3)3.(H2O)n. Most common is the nonahydrate Fe(NO3)3.(H2O)9. The hydrates are all pale colored, water-soluble paramagnetic salts.
Except where otherwise noted, data are given for materials in their standard state (at 25 °C [77 °F], 100 kPa).
Nverify (what is YN ?)
Iron(III) nitrate is deliquescent, and it is commonly found as the nonahydrate Fe(NO3)3·9H2O, which forms colourless to pale violet crystals. This compound is the trinitrate salt of the aquo complex [Fe(H2O)6]3+.
Other hydratesFe(NO 3) 3·xH 2O, include:
tetrahydrate (x=4), more precisely triaqua dinitratoiron(III) nitrate monohydrate, [Fe(NO3)2(H2O)3]NO3·H2O, has complex cations wherein Fe3+ is coordinated with two nitrate anions as bidentate ligands and three of the four water molecules, in a pentagonal bipyramid configuration with two water molecules at the poles.
pentahydrate (x=5), more precisely penta-aqua nitratoiron(III) dinitrate, [Fe(NO3)(H2O)5](NO3)2, in which the Fe3+ ion is coordinated to five water molecules and a unidentate nitrate anion ligand in octahedral configuration.
hexahydrate (x=6), more precisely hexaaquairon(III) trinitrate, [Fe(H2O)6](NO3)3, where the Fe3+ ion is coordinated to six water molecules in octahedral configuration.
Iron(III) nitrate is a useful precursor to other iron compounds because the nitrate is easily removed or decomposed. It is for example, a standard precursor to potassium ferrateK2FeO4.
When dissolved, iron(III) nitrate forms yellow solutions. When this solution is heated to near boiling, nitric acid evaporates and a solid precipitate of iron(III) oxideFe 2O 3 appears. Another method for producing iron oxides from this nitrate salt involves neutralizing its aqueous solutions.
The compound can be prepared by treating iron metal powder with nitric acid, as summarized by the following idealized equation:
^HSNO Chemical Classification Information Database, New Zealand Environmental Risk Management Authority, retrieved 2010-09-19.
^Hair, Neil J.; Beattie, James K. (1977). "Structure of Hexaaquairon(III) Nitrate Trihydrate. Comparison of Iron(II) and Iron(III) Bond Lengths in High-Spin Octahedral Environments". Inorganic Chemistry. 16 (2): 245–250. doi:10.1021/ic50168a006.
^ abcH. Schmidt, A. Asztalos, F. Bok and W. Voigt (2012): "New Iron(III) Nitrate Hydrates: Fe(NO3|3·xH2O with x = 4, 5 and 6". Acta Crystallographica Section C - Inorganic Compounds, volume C68, pages i29-i33. doi:10.1107/S0108270112015855
^H. Lux (1963). "Potassium Ferrate (VI) K2FeO4". In G. Brauer (ed.). Handbook of Preparative Inorganic Chemistry, 2nd Ed. Vol. 2. NY,NY: Academic Press. p. 1504.
^Egon Matijević and Paul Scheiner (1978): "Ferric Hydrous Oxide Sols: III. Preparation of Uniform Particles by Hydrolysis of Fe(III)-Chloride, -Nitrate, and -Perchlorate solutions". Journal of Colloid and Interface Science, volume 63, issue 3, pages 509-524. doi:10.1016/S0021-9797(78)80011-3
^H. Lux (1963). "Iron (III) Hydroxide FeO(OH)". In G. Brauer (ed.). Handbook of Preparative Inorganic Chemistry, 2nd Ed. Vol. 2. NY,NY: Academic Press. p. 1499.
^Hampton, K. G.; Harris, T. M.; Hauser, C. R. (1973). "2,4-Nonanedione". Organic Syntheses.; Collective Volume, vol. 5, p. 848 As of 2007, 22 other entries describe similar preparations in Organic Syntheses
^Cornélis, A. Laszlo, P.; Zettler, M. W. "Iron(III) Nitrate–K10 Montmorillonite Clay" in Encyclopedia of Reagents for Organic Synthesis (Ed: L. Paquette) 2004, J. Wiley & Sons, New York. doi:10.1002/047084289X.