Isometry group


In mathematics, the isometry group of a metric space is the set of all bijective isometries (i.e. bijective, distance-preserving maps) from the metric space onto itself, with the function composition as group operation. Its identity element is the identity function.[1] The elements of the isometry group are sometimes called motions of the space.

Every isometry group of a metric space is a subgroup of isometries. It represents in most cases a possible set of symmetries of objects/figures in the space, or functions defined on the space. See symmetry group.

A discrete isometry group is an isometry group such that for every point of the space the set of images of the point under the isometries is a discrete set.

In pseudo-Euclidean space the metric is replaced with an isotropic quadratic form; transformations preserving this form are sometimes called "isometries", and the collection of them is then said to form an isometry group of the pseudo-Euclidean space.


See alsoEdit


  1. ^ Burago, Dmitri; Burago, Yuri; Ivanov, Sergei (2001), A course in metric geometry, Graduate Studies in Mathematics, vol. 33, Providence, RI: American Mathematical Society, p. 75, ISBN 0-8218-2129-6, MR 1835418.
  2. ^ Berger, Marcel (1987), Geometry. II, Universitext, Berlin: Springer-Verlag, p. 281, doi:10.1007/978-3-540-93816-3, ISBN 3-540-17015-4, MR 0882916.
  3. ^ Olver, Peter J. (1999), Classical invariant theory, London Mathematical Society Student Texts, vol. 44, Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, p. 53, doi:10.1017/CBO9780511623660, ISBN 0-521-55821-2, MR 1694364.
  4. ^ Müller-Kirsten, Harald J. W.; Wiedemann, Armin (2010), Introduction to supersymmetry, World Scientific Lecture Notes in Physics, vol. 80 (2nd ed.), Hackensack, NJ: World Scientific Publishing Co. Pte. Ltd., p. 22, doi:10.1142/7594, ISBN 978-981-4293-42-6, MR 2681020.