History
Italy
Name: Mario Roselli
Builder: Cantieri Riuniti dell'Adriatico
Launched: 25 April 1941
Acquired: 22 April 1942
In service: 23 April 1942
Fate: Bombed and sunk, 11 October 1943
General characteristics [1]
Type: Cargo ship
Tonnage: 6,835 gross register tons (GRT) 9,100 long tons deadweight (DWT)
Length: 138.61 m (454.8 ft)
Beam: 18.92 m (62.1 ft)
Draught: 12.10 m (39.7 ft)
Propulsion: Diesel engine, 7,500 hp (5,593 kW), single screw
Speed: 15.8 knots (29.3 km/h; 18.2 mph)

Mario Roselli was an Italian cargo ship, confiscated by Nazi Germany, which was sunk by Allied aircraft on 11 October 1943 in Corfu Bay, killing 1,302 Italian POWs.

Ship history

The Mario Roselli was built by Cantieri Riuniti dell'Adriatico in 1940. Launched on 25 April 1941, the ship was delivered to the customer on 22 April 1942 and seized the next day in Trieste by the Italian Navy which incorporated it in its auxiliary war fleet.

Her first mission was the supply of Italian troops stationed in Libya, sailing between Brindisi and Benghazi. On 12 June 1942, on passage to Benghazi, the ship was substantially damaged by Allied aircraft and towed to Taranto for repairs. On 19 December she returned to service on the route Naples - Palermo - Bizerte.

On 9 September 1943, the day after the Armistice between Italy and Allied armed forces, Mario Roselli was confiscated by the Germans and used to transport Italian POWs to Venice and Trieste.

The disaster in Corfu Bay

On 9 October 1943 the ship arrived in Corfu to take some 5,500 Italian prisoners on board. They were transferred from shore to ship using small boats. At 7:15 on 10 October, when the boarding was almost finished, an Allied aircraft appeared and immediately attacked the ship and motorboats. One bomb hit a motorboat crammed with prisoners. Another fell directly through an open hatch into the hold of the ship crowded with Italians, and exploded, causing terrible carnage. The ship leaned towards starboard and took water. Surviving prisoners tried to escape by jumping into the sea, but many drowned. In total there were 1,302 victims.

The German guards opened fire on prisoners still on land who tried to escape.

The Mario Roselli was abandoned in the harbor, but was attacked again the next day and sank.

Recovery and reconstruction

In 1952 the wreck of the Mario Roselli was salvaged and towed to Monfalcone for reconstruction. She had a second career between 1952 and 1972, when she was sold to be scrapped in England.

References

Notes
  1. ^ "Mario Roselli". archeologiaindustriale.it (in Italian). 2012. Archived from the original on 12 July 2010. Retrieved 24 June 2012.
Bibliography
  • "L'affondamento Della Mario Roselli, un Tragico Epilogo". betasom.it (in Italian).
  • "Scheda tecnica completa della Mario Roselli". Museo della Cantieristica (in Italian). Archived from the original on 2010-07-12.
  • "Seekrieg 1943, Oktober". wlb-stuttgart.de (in German).