Ivan Alexandrov


Ivan Gavrilovich Alexandrov (Russian: Ива́н Гаври́лович Алекса́ндров; 21 August (1 September) 1875, Moscow, – 2 May 1936, Moscow) was a Russian and Soviet engineer who played a significant role in the modernization of the Soviet Union.[1]

Ivan Alexandrov
Ivan Gavrilovich Alexandrov

1 September [O.S. 20 August] 1875
Died2 May 1936(1936-05-02) (aged 60)
Moscow, Russian SFSR



In 1920, Alexandrov participated in developing the GOELRO plan which was the electrification plan of the Soviet Union. From 1921 to 1927, he was Chief Engineer of the design organization Dniprobud or Dniprostroy [uk; ru] (Ukrainian: Дніпробуд; Russian: «Днепрострой») and, in 1926, designed the Dnipr Dam on the Dnipr.[2] From 1921, he headed the Regionalisation Committee of Gosplan and, as the director with support from Gleb Krzhizhanovsky, used rational economic planning rather than "the vestiges of lost sovereign rights" to divide the Soviet Union into thirteen European and eight Asiatic oblasts.[3][4][5]

He participated in the plan of the general scheme for the electrification of Slovenia, and, in Asia, the plan for the construction of the Baikal-Amur Mainline (BAM).[1][6]

From 1927 to 1930 he was the Head of the Department of Hydrology, Meteorology and Regulation of Flow at the Moscow State University of Environmental Engineering (MSUEE) (Russian: Московский государственный университет природообустройства).

He died in Moscow and was buried at the Novodevichy Cemetery.[4]

See also



  1. ^ a b "АЛЕКСАНДРОВ" [ALEXANDROV]. bigenc.ru (in Russian). 2 January 2023. Archived from the original on 3 January 2023. Retrieved 19 October 2023.
  2. ^ Кульчицький, С. В. [in Ukrainian] (2004). Україна в системі загальносоюзного народногосподарського комплексу [Ukraine in the system of the all-Union national economic complex] (PDF) (in Ukrainian). Київ: National Academy of Sciences of Ukraine. pp. 3–31. ISSN 0869-2556. Archived from the original (PDF) on 2008-10-28. Проблеми Історії України: факти, судження, пошуки №11 2004: ISSN 0869-2556 (Problems of the History of Ukraine: facts, judgments, searches #11 2004: ISSN 0869-2556)
  3. ^ Ekonomicheskoe raionirovanie Rossii, Gosplan, Moscow 1921
  4. ^ a b Анненкова, Е. А. (2018). "АЛЕКСАНДРОВ Иван Гаврилович (1875–1936)" [ALEXANDROV Ivan Gavrilovich (1875-1936)] (PDF). ООО «Реноме»: Издательско-полиграфическая фирма "Реноме" (in Russian). Санкт-Петербург. doi:10.25990/fhg9-my91. Archived from the original (PDF) on 11 July 2019. Retrieved 19 October 2023.
  5. ^ Басаргина, Е. Ю.; Тункина, И. В., eds. (2018). Ученые—фондообразователи Санкт-Петербургского филиала Архива Российской академии наук краткий биографический справочник А — В [Founding scientists of the St. Petersburg branch of the Archive of the Russian Academy of Sciences, brief biographical reference book A - B] (PDF) (in Russian). Санкт-Петербург: ООО «Реноме»: Издательско-полиграфическая фирма "Реноме". pp. 15–6 Александров Иван Гаврилович (1875–1936) by Анненкова, Е. А. doi:10.25990/T1HN-MW16. ISBN 978-5-00125-105-7. Archived from the original (PDF) on 19 October 2023.
  6. ^ Вавилова, С. И., ed. (1948). "Иван Гаврилович Александров (1875-1936)" [Ivan Gavrilovich Alexandrov (1875-1936)] (PDF). Irkutsk National Research Technical University (in Russian). Archived from the original (PDF) on 26 July 2004. Retrieved 19 October 2023. From Люди русской науки: Очерки о выдающихся деятелях есте�ствознания и техники: Гос. изд-во техн. (People of Russian Science: Essays on Outstanding Figures of Natural Science and Technology: State. technical publishing house)

Further reading

  • Файнбойм, Иосиф Борисович (1955). Иван Гаврилович Александров [Ivan Gavrilovich Alexandrov] (PDF) (in Russian). Госэнергоиздат. Archived from the original (PDF) on 19 October 2023.