Jambyl Region

Summary

Jambyl or Zhambyl Region (Kazakh: Жамбыл облысы, romanized: Jambyl oblysy; Russian: Жамбылская область, romanizedZhambylskaya oblast) is a region of Kazakhstan. Its capital is Taraz. The population of the region is 1,000,000; the city is 335,100. The region borders Kyrgyzstan, and is very near to Uzbekistan (all to the south). Jambyl also borders three other provinces: Karaganda Region (to the north), Turkistan Region (to the west) and Almaty Region (to the east). The total area is 144,200 square kilometres (55,700 sq mi). The province borders Lake Balkhash to its northeast. The province (and its capital during the Soviet era) was named after the Kazakh akyn (folk singer) Jambyl Jabayev.

Jambyl Region
Jambyl oblysy, Жамбыл облысы  (Kazakh)
Жамбылская область  (Russian)
E8132-Chu-River.jpg
Coat of arms of Jambyl Region
Map of Kazakhstan, location of Jambyl Province highlighted
Map of Kazakhstan, location of Jambyl Province highlighted
Coordinates: 44°0′N 72°0′E / 44.000°N 72.000°E / 44.000; 72.000Coordinates: 44°0′N 72°0′E / 44.000°N 72.000°E / 44.000; 72.000
Country Kazakhstan
CapitalTaraz
Government
 • AkimNurzhigitov Nurzhan
Area
 • Total144,264 km2 (55,701 sq mi)
Population
 (2013-02-01)[2]
 • Total1,071,645
 • Density7.4/km2 (19/sq mi)
Time zoneUTC+6 (East)
 • Summer (DST)UTC+6 (not observed)
Postal codes
080000
Area codes+7 (726)
ISO 3166 codeKZ-ZHA
Vehicle registration08, H
Districts10
Cities4
Villages367
Websitewww.zhambyl.gov.kz

HistoryEdit

In August 2021, nine people were killed in an explosion at an arms depot in the region.[3]

DemographicsEdit

As of 2020, the Jambyl Region has a population of 1,130,099.[4]

Ethnic groups (2020):[5]

Administrative divisionsEdit

The province is administratively divided into ten districts and the city of Taraz.[6]

  1. Bayzak District, with the administrative center in the auyl of Sarykemer;
  2. Jambyl District, the auyl of Asy;
  3. Korday District, the auyl of Korday;
  4. Merki District, the auyl of Merki;
  5. Moiynkum District, the auyl of Moiynkum;
  6. Sarysu District, the town of Janatas;
  7. Shu District, the auyl of Tole bi;
  8. Talas District, the town of Karatau;
  9. Turar Ryskulov District, the auyl of Kulan;
  10. Zhualy District, the auyl of Bauyrzhan Momyshuly.

Janatas, Karatau, Shu, and Taraz have the administrative status of a town.[6]

EconomyEdit

Important industries include rock phosphate mining (around Karatau). The Chu River valley is one of Kazakhstan's important areas of irrigated agriculture.

The core of the rail transportation network in the region is based on the east-west Turksib rail line, which runs through Taraz and Chu toward Almaty, and the north-south Transkazakhstan line, which runs north from Chu toward Nur-Sultan. CIS Highway M 39 (which in this area forms part of European route E40) comes from Tashkent, Uzbekistan over Shymkent (capital of neighbouring province South Kazakhstan) and runs further over Taraz to Bishkek, Kyrgyzstan; then it comes to Jambyl Province again through Korday border crossing and continues east toward Almaty.

In February 2021, it was announced that a wind farm and a hydro power plant will be launched in the Zhambyl region during the 2021 year, and two more renewable energy facilities are planned to be launched in the area in the near future. [7]

TourismEdit

In 2018, the Jambyl region began the reconstruction of the Tekturmas historical complex. Located on the outskirts of the city, this complex is aimed at highlighting and preserving the cultural heritage of the country. Currently, the site is home to 14 monuments, a waterfall, observatory platforms, and a medieval style fortress that surrounds the complex.[8]

GalleryEdit

See alsoEdit

ReferencesEdit

  1. ^ Official site - General Information Archived 2008-02-05 at the Wayback Machine
  2. ^ Agency of statistics of the Republic of Kazakhstan: Численность населения Республики Казахстан по областям с начала 2013 года до 1 февраля 2013 года (russisch; Excel-Datei; 55 kB).
  3. ^ "At least 9 killed after explosion at ammunition depot in Kazakhstan". euronews. 2021-08-26. Retrieved 2021-09-07.
  4. ^ "Численность населения Республики Казахстан по отдельным этносам на начало 2020 года". Stat.kz. Retrieved 2020-08-03.
  5. ^ "Численность населения Республики Казахстан по отдельным этносам на начало 2020 года". Stat.kz. Retrieved 2020-08-03.
  6. ^ a b "Характеристика" (in Russian). The official portal of akimat of Jambyl Region. Retrieved 13 July 2013.
  7. ^ February 2021, Zhanna Shayakhmetova in Nation on 23 (2021-02-23). "Wind Farm and Hydro Power Plant to Launch This Year in Zhambyl Region". The Astana Times. Retrieved 2021-12-10.
  8. ^ Asia, Aizada Arystanbek in Kazakhstan Region Profiles: A. Deep Dive Into the Heart of Central; Years, Kazakhstan’s Independence: 30; June 2021, Tourism on 1 (2021-06-01). "Zhambyl Region Continues Reconstruction of Tekturmas Historical Complex". The Astana Times. Retrieved 2021-11-17.

External linksEdit

  • Official website(in Russian)