James L. Elliot

Summary

Minor planets discovered: 7 [1]
see § List of discovered minor planets

James Ludlow Elliot (June 17, 1943 – March 3, 2011) was an American astronomer and scientist who, as part of a team, discovered the rings around the planet Uranus.[2][3] Elliot was also part of a team that observed global warming on Triton, the largest moon of Neptune.[4][5]

Career

Elliot was born in 1943 in Columbus, Ohio and received his S.B. degree from the Massachusetts Institute of Technology (MIT) in 1965 and his Ph.D. degree from Harvard University in 1972. He held a postdoctoral position in Laboratory for Planetary Studies at Cornell University, and joined the faculty of Cornell's Astronomy Department in 1977. After he discovered Uranus's rings alongside Edward Dunham and Douglas Mink at Cornell, he returned to MIT in 1978 to serve as Professor of Physics, Professor of Earth, Atmospheric, and Planetary Sciences, and Director of the George R. Wallace, Jr. Astrophysical Observatory until his death on March 3, 2011.[6]

There is some debate on whether Elliot, et al. discovered the rings of Uranus, or whether William Herschel made an observation in 1797.[7] However, scientific consensus seems to support Elliot as the discoverer.[8]

Honors

List of discovered minor planets

Elliot is credited by the Minor Planet Center with the discovery of seven minor planets,[1] including the trans-Neptunian object (95625) 2002 GX32, which he co-discovered at CTIO in 2002.[11]

(95625) 2002 GX32 8 April 2002 list[A][B]
(541312) 2011 FU46 22 May 2001 list[C]
(542458) 2013 CQ189 22 May 2001 list[C]
(542569) 2013 EG112 23 May 2001 list[C]
(543629) 2014 OV131 23 May 2001 list[C]
(544322) 2014 UX86 24 May 2001 list[C]
(545532) 2011 PL9 23 May 2001 list[C]
Co-discovery made with:
A M. W. Buie
B A. B. Jordan
C L. H. Wasserman

See also

References

  1. ^ a b "Minor Planet Discoverers (by number)". Minor Planet Center. June 20, 2016. Retrieved August 10, 2016.
  2. ^ Elliot, J. L.; Dunham, E.; Mink, D. (May 1977). "The rings of Uranus". Nature. 267 (5609): 328–330. Bibcode:1977Natur.267..328E. doi:10.1038/267328a0. ISSN 0028-0836. S2CID 4194104.
  3. ^ a b Schmadel, Lutz D. (2007). "(3193) Elliot". Dictionary of Minor Planet Names – (3193) Elliot. Springer Berlin Heidelberg. p. 265. doi:10.1007/978-3-540-29925-7_3194. ISBN 978-3-540-00238-3.
  4. ^ HubbleSite - NewsCenter - Hubble Space Telescope Helps Find Evidence that Neptune's Largest Moon Is Warming Up (06/24/1998) - Release Text
  5. ^ Elliot, J. L., H. B. Hammel, L. H. Wasserman, O. G. Franz, S. W. McDonald, M. J. Person, C. B. Olkin, E. W. Dunham, J. R. Spencer, J. A. Stansberry, M. W. Buie, J. M. Pasachoff, B. A. Babcock, T. H. McConnochie, Global warming on Triton, Nature, 393, 765-767, 1998
  6. ^ EAPS, physics professor James Elliot dies at 67
  7. ^ Rincon, Paul (April 18, 2007). "Uranus rings 'were seen in 1700s'". BBC News.
  8. ^ "Did William Herschel Discover The Rings Of Uranus In The 18th Century?". Physorg.com. 2007. Retrieved June 20, 2007.
  9. ^ "MPC/MPO/MPS Archive". Minor Planet Center. Retrieved June 23, 2020.
  10. ^ "Pluto's Features Receive First Official Names". agu.org. Retrieved September 23, 2017.
  11. ^ "95625 (2002 GX32)". Minor Planet Center. Retrieved July 13, 2016.