Japanese murrelet


Japanese murrelet
Synthliboramphus wumizusume -Japan-8.jpg
Swimming in Japan
Scientific classification edit
Kingdom: Animalia
Phylum: Chordata
Class: Aves
Order: Charadriiformes
Family: Alcidae
Genus: Synthliboramphus
S. wumizusume
Binomial name
Synthliboramphus wumizusume
Temminck, 1836

The Japanese murrelet or crested murrelet (Synthliboramphus wumizusume) is a small bird that inhabits rocky islets and reefs in the warm waters of Japan and southern Korea. Its non breeding range includes Hokkaido and southern parts of Primorye and Sakhalin. It has black and bluish grey upper body and white underparts plumage.

Breeding sites are crevices, burrows and hollows in rocks, the gaps in piles of stones, and among grasses on uninhabited islands. The northern limit of the breeding sites are the Nanatsujima Islands of Japan, while the most important breeding sites are Biro Island and the Izu Islands.

The Japanese murrelet lays eggs in March. Clutch size is slightly less than two eggs. Incubation duty was shared almost equally by both parents. The chicks are not fed in the nest, but leave the nest one to two nights after hatching.

In 1975, this species was designated a natural treasure by Japanese government. Habitat disturbance due to increasing sport fishing activities, predation by crows, large gulls and rats among others, gives the Japanese murrelet its Vulnerable status on IUCN Red List of Threatened Species. It is listed on Appendix I of CITES and legally protected in Japan.


  1. ^ BirdLife International (2018). "Synthliboramphus wumizusume". IUCN Red List of Threatened Species. 2018: e.T22694899A132580332. doi:10.2305/IUCN.UK.2018-2.RLTS.T22694899A132580332.en. Retrieved 12 November 2021.

External links

  • ARKive – images of the Japanese murrelet (Synthliboramphus wumizusume)
  • BirdLife Species Factsheet
  • Red Data Book