Jena, Louisiana

Summary

Jena, Louisiana
Town of Jena
Jena, Louisiana.JPG
Location of Jena in LaSalle Parish, Louisiana.
Location of Jena in LaSalle Parish, Louisiana.
Location of Louisiana in the United States
Location of Louisiana in the United States
Coordinates: 31°41′24″N 92°07′29″W / 31.69000°N 92.12472°W / 31.69000; -92.12472Coordinates: 31°41′24″N 92°07′29″W / 31.69000°N 92.12472°W / 31.69000; -92.12472
CountryUnited States
StateLouisiana
ParishLa Salle
Area
 • Total5.53 sq mi (14.32 km2)
 • Land5.50 sq mi (14.24 km2)
 • Water0.03 sq mi (0.08 km2)
Elevation
167 ft (51 m)
Population
 (2010)
 • Total3,398
 • Estimate 
(2019)[2]
3,397
 • Density617.86/sq mi (238.57/km2)
Time zoneUTC-6 (CST)
 • Summer (DST)UTC-5 (CDT)
ZIP code
71342
Area code(s)318
FIPS code22-38285
Websitetownofjena.com
Jena Town Hall

Jena /ˈnə/ is a town in, and the parish seat of, La Salle Parish, Louisiana, United States.[3] The population was 3,398 at the 2010 census.

History

Jena was named for Jena, Germany, where French Emperor Napoleon I won the Battle of Jena-Auerstedt in 1806.[4] The town in Louisiana was founded exactly one hundred years later.[citation needed]

In September 2006, Jena became the focus of national news stories in the United States for a racial controversy involving its school system and a group of students known as the Jena Six.[5]

Geography

Jena is at 31°41′24″N 92°7′29″W / 31.69000°N 92.12472°W / 31.69000; -92.12472 (31.689993, -92.124781)[6] and has an elevation of 167 feet (50.9 m).[7]

According to the United States Census Bureau, the town has an area of 5.4 square miles (14 km2), all land.


Surrounding communities

Residents of these rural communities frequent Jena for school, work, and shopping.

Climate

This region experiences hot summers with rainy days, with no average monthly temperatures above 92 °F. According to the Köppen Climate Classification system, Jena has a humid subtropical climate, abbreviated "Cfa" on climate maps.[8]

There are mild winters during which intense rainfall occurs. It has hot, rainy summers with moderate rainfall through all year months.

Snow in Jena is possible in winter months.


Average annual precipitation is 59.4 inches (1,510 mm). There are on annual average 76 days with measurable precipitation.

Climate data for Jena, Louisiana (1991–2020 normals, extremes 1985–present)
Month Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul Aug Sep Oct Nov Dec Year
Record high °F (°C) 81
(27)
84
(29)
87
(31)
95
(35)
96
(36)
103
(39)
104
(40)
109
(43)
110
(43)
96
(36)
89
(32)
82
(28)
110
(43)
Average high °F (°C) 57.1
(13.9)
61.6
(16.4)
69.2
(20.7)
75.6
(24.2)
82.8
(28.2)
88.8
(31.6)
91.3
(32.9)
91.7
(33.2)
87.5
(30.8)
78.1
(25.6)
67.0
(19.4)
59.1
(15.1)
75.8
(24.3)
Daily mean °F (°C) 46.6
(8.1)
50.6
(10.3)
57.9
(14.4)
64.4
(18.0)
72.4
(22.4)
78.8
(26.0)
81.5
(27.5)
81.2
(27.3)
76.4
(24.7)
65.8
(18.8)
55.4
(13.0)
48.8
(9.3)
65.0
(18.3)
Average low °F (°C) 36.2
(2.3)
39.7
(4.3)
46.6
(8.1)
53.1
(11.7)
61.9
(16.6)
68.8
(20.4)
71.7
(22.1)
70.8
(21.6)
65.3
(18.5)
53.5
(11.9)
43.8
(6.6)
38.4
(3.6)
54.1
(12.3)
Record low °F (°C) 11
(−12)
9
(−13)
16
(−9)
26
(−3)
38
(3)
49
(9)
57
(14)
51
(11)
41
(5)
27
(−3)
20
(−7)
6
(−14)
6
(−14)
Average precipitation inches (mm) 5.69
(145)
5.53
(140)
5.71
(145)
5.38
(137)
4.43
(113)
4.86
(123)
4.51
(115)
3.80
(97)
3.60
(91)
4.72
(120)
5.46
(139)
5.82
(148)
59.51
(1,512)
Average snowfall inches (cm) 0.0
(0.0)
0.3
(0.76)
0.0
(0.0)
0.0
(0.0)
0.0
(0.0)
0.0
(0.0)
0.0
(0.0)
0.0
(0.0)
0.0
(0.0)
0.0
(0.0)
0.0
(0.0)
0.2
(0.51)
0.5
(1.3)
Average precipitation days (≥ 0.01 in) 8.6 8.4 7.9 6.7 7.3 8.4 8.8 7.1 5.3 6.1 6.6 8.0 89.2
Average snowy days (≥ 0.1 in) 0.1 0.1 0.1 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.2 0.5
Source: NOAA[9][10]

Demographics

Historical population
Census Pop.
1910689
1920620−10.0%
19301,00762.4%
1940946−6.1%
19501,43852.0%
19602,09845.9%
19702,43115.9%
19804,37580.0%
19902,626−40.0%
20002,97113.1%
20103,39814.4%
2019 (est.)3,397[2]0.0%
U.S. Decennial Census[11]

2020 census

Jena Racial Composition[12]
Race Num. Perc.
White 2,436 58.63%
Black or African American 447 10.76%
Native American 23 0.55%
Asian 105 2.53%
Pacific Islander 5 0.12%
Other/Mixed 115 2.77%
Hispanic or Latino 1,024 24.65%

As of the 2020 United States Census, there were 4,155 people, 1,169 households, and 884 families residing in the town.

2000 census

As of the census[13] of 2000, there were 2,971 people, 1,135 households, and 749 families residing in the town. The population density was 552.7 people per square mile (213.2/km2). There were 1,264 housing units at an average density of 235.2 per square mile (90.7/km2). The racial makeup of the town was 85.56% White, 12.02% African American, 0.67% Native American, 0.47% Asian, 0.50% from other races, and 0.77% from two or more races. Hispanic or Latino of any race were 1.21% of the population.

There were 1,135 households, out of which 29.3% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 52.9% were married couples living together, 10.3% had a female householder with no husband present, and 34.0% were non-families. 31.4% of all households were 21 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.29 and the average family size was 2.86.

First Baptist Church of Jena

In the town, the population was spread out, with 27.5% under the age of 18, 8.8% from 18 to 24, 22.5% from 25 to 44, 22.8% from 45 to 64, and 18.4% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 39 years. For every 100 females, there were 98.9 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 84.7 males.

The median income for a household in the town was $30,938, and the median income for a family was $39,848. Males had a median income of $31,332 versus $18,317 for females. The per capita income for the town was $13,761. About 9.9% of families and 15.1% of the population were below the poverty line, including 20.2% of those under age 18 and 17.0% of those age 65 or over.


Media

Newspaper

  • The Jena Times

Radio

Frequency Callsign Format Owner
102.7 KJNA Country Cloessner News & Broadcasting LLC.

Education

The La Salle Parish School Board is located in Jena.

The following schools serve Jena:

  • Jena High School, 9–12 (Jena)
  • Jena Junior High School, 6,7, & 8 (Jena)
  • Goodpine Middle School, 3,4, & 5 (Trout/Goodpine)
  • Jena Elementary School, PreK - 2 (Jena)
  • Fellowship Elementary School, Pre-K-8 (Belah)
  • Nebo Elementary School, PreK-8 (Nebo)
  • Temple Christian Academy, Private PreK-8 (Jena)

Infrastructure

  • Hospital Service District #2 of LaSalle Parish, also known as LaSalle General Hospital, is a 60-bed medical facility, with a 24-hour emergency department, a home health, a 101-bed nursing home, and physical therapy.
  • Universal Plant Services built a 24,000-square-foot manufacturing facility in Jena. The full-service machining plant represents a $3.9 million capital investment and provides welding, fabrication, equipment overhaul and repair services for pipeline distribution systems and petrochemical processing plants.
  • LaSalle Detention Center is an immigration detention facility of the U.S. Immigration and Customs Enforcement, operated by the GEO Group and located on 830 Pinehill Road, about two miles northwest of downtown Jena and it has a capacity of over 1160 detainees.
  • Tractor Supply
  • Ace Hardware
  • Walmart Supercenter

Notable people

References

  1. ^ "2019 U.S. Gazetteer Files". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved July 25, 2020.
  2. ^ a b "Population and Housing Unit Estimates". United States Census Bureau. May 24, 2020. Retrieved May 27, 2020.
  3. ^ "Find a County". National Association of Counties. Archived from the original on 2015-05-09. Retrieved 2011-06-07.
  4. ^ "Town of Jena, Louisiana". www.townofjena.com. Retrieved 2018-12-04.
  5. ^ Amy Waldman (January 2008). "The Truth About Jena". The Atlantic. Archived from the original on 12 September 2012.
  6. ^ "US Gazetteer files: 2010, 2000, and 1990". United States Census Bureau. 2011-02-12. Retrieved 2011-04-23.
  7. ^ "US Board on Geographic Names". United States Geological Survey. 2007-10-25. Retrieved 2008-01-31.
  8. ^ [1]
  9. ^ "NowData - NOAA Online Weather Data". National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration. Retrieved August 21, 2021.
  10. ^ "Station: Jena, LA". U.S. Climate Normals 2020: U.S. Monthly Climate Normals (1991-2020). National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration. Retrieved August 21, 2021.
  11. ^ "Census of Population and Housing". Census.gov. Retrieved June 4, 2015.
  12. ^ "Explore Census Data". data.census.gov. Retrieved 2021-12-07.
  13. ^ "U.S. Census website". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved 2008-01-31.

External links

  • Town of Jena official website
  • LaSalle General Hospital
  • LaSalle Parish School Board
  • Catahoula National Wildlife Refuge