|20th Governor of North Carolina|
December 7, 1820 – December 7, 1821
|Preceded by||John Branch|
|Succeeded by||Gabriel Holmes|
|President pro tempore of the United States Senate|
March 10, 1804 – November 4, 1804
|Preceded by||John Brown|
|Succeeded by||Joseph Anderson|
|Member of the U.S. House of Representatives from North Carolina's 3rd district|
March 4, 1795 – March 3, 1797
|Preceded by||Joseph Winston|
|Succeeded by||Robert Williams|
|United States Senator|
from North Carolina
March 4, 1807 – March 4, 1813
|Preceded by||David Stone|
|Succeeded by||David Stone|
March 4, 1799 – March 4, 1805
|Preceded by||Alexander Martin|
|Succeeded by||James Turner|
|Member of the North Carolina House of Representatives|
|Born||March 24, 1760|
Orange County, Colony of Virginia, British America
|Died||August 31, 1823 (aged 63)|
Surry County, North Carolina, U.S.
Jesse Franklin (March 24, 1760 – August 31, 1823) was the Democratic-Republican U.S. senator from the U.S. state of North Carolina between 1799 and 1805 and between 1807 and 1813. He later served as the 20th Governor of North Carolina from 1820 to 1821. Franklin was the brother of Meshack Franklin, who also served in Congress.
Franklin moved to North Carolina with his father in 1774 and served as a major during the Revolutionary War. During the war he was captured by Tories, but escaped. Franklin was in the Battle of Kings Mountain and served as Adjutant of Colonel Benjamin Cleveland's battalion. (Cleveland was a relative of Franklin's.) He was also at the Battle of Guilford Court House. He performed further service in partisan warfare against Tories in North Carolina, service that continued to the end of the war.
Early political career and service in Congress
Franklin was a member of the state legislature in 1793–1794 and 1797–1798. He was elected to the Fourth Congress and served from March 4, 1795 to March 4, 1797. Franklin was then elected as a Democratic Republican to the United States Senate and served from March 4, 1799 to March 4, 1805. Franklin was put up by the Legislature for re-election in December 1804, but Republicans at the time were divided in their support of him and Federalists did not think highly of him, and he was defeated.
In 1806, he was again elected as a Democratic Republican to the United States Senate and served from March 4, 1807 until March 4, 1813. During his second period as a senator, Franklin was known as an advocate of Madison's war measures, and as an opponent of monopolies and central banks.
Governor of North Carolina
Franklin was Governor of North Carolina from 1820 to 1821. During his term as governor, the Canova statue of George Washington was placed at the state Capitol in a new addition containing a rotunda that was considered an appropriate area for displaying it.
As governor, Franklin was considered to be conscientious and practical. He advocated reform in the treatment of criminals, including abolition of ear cropping.
Franklin died in Surry County, North Carolina on August 31, 1823. He was interred in Surry County. In 1906, his remains were moved to Guilford Courthouse National Military Park, near Greensboro.
- Jeffersonian Democracy in North Carolina, 1789–1816. Delbert Gilpatrick, p 135.
- United States Congress. "Jesse Franklin (id: F000344)". Biographical Directory of the United States Congress.
|U.S. House of Representatives|
| U.S. Representative (District 3) from North Carolina
| Governor of North Carolina
| U.S. Senator (Class 2) from North Carolina
Served alongside: Timothy Bloodworth, David Stone
| U.S. Senator (Class 3) from North Carolina
Served alongside: James Turner
| President pro tempore of the United States Senate
March 10, 1804 – November 4, 1804