Jet (fluid)


Jets from a pump-jet on a ferry.
A relativistic jet emitted from galaxy M87, as seen by the Hubble Space Telescope.

A jet is a stream of fluid that is projected into a surrounding medium, usually from some kind of a nozzle, aperture or orifice.[1] Jets can travel long distances[quantify] without dissipating.

Jet fluid has higher momentum compared to the surrounding fluid medium. In the case that the surrounding medium is assumed to be made up of the same fluid as the jet, and this fluid has a viscosity, the surrounding fluid is carried along with the jet in a process called entrainment.[2]

Some animals, notably cephalopods, move by jet propulsion, as do rocket engines and jet engines.

See also


  1. ^ "a usually forceful stream of fluid (as water or gas) discharged from a narrow opening or a nozzle."
  2. ^ Swain, Prakash Chandra (2016). "Fluid Dynamics Lecture Notes" (PDF). Retrieved 26 July 2021.
  • Pijush K. Kundu and Ira M. Cohen, "Fluid mechanics, Volume 10", Elsevier, Burlington, MA,USA (2008), ISBN 978-0-12-373735-9
  • Falkovich, G. (2011). Fluid Mechanics, a short course for physicists. Cambridge University Press. ISBN 978-1-107-00575-4.