Joanikije Lipovac
Metropolitan of Montenegro and the Littoral
Иоанникий (Липовац).jpg
ChurchSerbian Orthodox Church
DioceseMetropolitanate of Montenegro and the Littoral
Personal details
Birth nameJovan Lipovac
Born(1890-02-16)February 16, 1890
Stoliv, Kingdom of Dalmatia, Austria-Hungary
DiedJune 18, 1945(1945-06-18) (aged 55)
Bukovik, Aranđelovac, Yugoslavia
NationalityMontenegrin, Yugoslav
Sainthood
Canonized1999

Metropolitan Joanikije Lipovac (born 16 February 1890, Stoliv – died 18 June 1945, Bukovik) was the Metropolitan of the Diocese of Montenegro and the Littoral. He was executed by the Communist-led Yugoslav Partisans for his collaboration with the occupying forces of Fascist Italy and Nazi Germany during the World War II. He was posthumously canonized by the Serbian Orthodox Church.

Metropolitan Joanikije attempted to maintain the diocese as the area transitioned between German and communist rule. With the ascendancy of communist control he attempted to leave the area with a number of his priests. The attempt was unsuccessful and he and his party of priests were executed by the Partisans. In 1999, his name was added to the list of Serbian saints.[1]

Jovan Lipovac was born to Špiro Lipovac and Marija (née Damjanović) Lipovac in Stoliv in the Bay of Kotor in what was then the Kingdom of Dalmatia within the Austro-Hungarian Empire. He finished elementary school in Prčanj and gymnasium in Kotor.[2] He graduated in Orthodox theology in Zadar and philosophy at the University of Belgrade. After being ordained he served in Kotor and Lastva. From 1925–40 he taught as a professor in Belgrade.[clarification needed] In 1939 he was named an auxiliary bishop, with title Bishop of Budimlja. The following year he was named metropolitan of Montenegro and the Littoral.[2]

Soon after taking the position of metropolitan, the April War brought the Second World War to Yugoslavia and resulted in the establishment of the Italian governorate of Montenegro. Joanikije collaborated with occupying Italian and German forces and supported the activities of the Serbian Chetniks. He was at the head of the column of Montenegrin Chetniks which attempted to flee Yugoslavia through Germany at the end of the war.[2]

Joanikije was captured by Yugoslav Partisans on May 12 near Celje and taken to Zagreb. On orders from Milovan Đilas, he was transferred to Belgrade. He and his party were executed by the Partisans at Bukovik near Aranđelovac on 18 June 1945.[1]

References

  1. ^ a b Ring of a murdered priest, glas-javnosti.rs; accessed 4 July 2015.(in Serbian)
  2. ^ a b c Profile Archived 2011-07-25 at the Wayback Machine, danas.rs, 8 June 2005; accessed 4 July 2015.(in Serbian)