|Member of the U.S. House of Representatives|
from New York's 20th district
January 3, 1985 – January 3, 1989
|Preceded by||Richard Ottinger|
|Succeeded by||Nita Lowey|
Joseph John DioGuardi
September 20, 1940
New York City, U.S.
|Spouse(s)||Carol DioGuardi (died 1997) |
Shirley Cloyes DioGuardi
|Children||2 (including Kara)|
|Alma mater||Fordham University|
Joseph John DioGuardi (/ˌdiːoʊˈɡwɑːrdi/; born September 20, 1940) is an American certified public accountant and a Republican politician. DioGuardi served in the House of Representatives representing the 20th Congressional district of New York from 1985 to 1989. He was also the Republican nominee for U.S. Senate in New York during the 2010 special election, but lost to incumbent Senator Kirsten Gillibrand.
DioGuardi, a former partner at Arthur Andersen & Co., also serves as president of the Albanian American Civic League, an organization he co-founded with his wife, Shirley Cloyes DioGuardi. He is the father of songwriter and record producer Kara DioGuardi.
Early life, education, and business career
DioGuardi's father, Joseph Sr., immigrated to the United States from Greci, Italy. The family traces its roots to the Arbëreshë minority in Italy. His father eventually established a grocery and vegetable store in East Bronx. The family moved to Westchester County, New York, in 1957. Joseph Sr. married Grace Paparella on January 8, 1939, and the couple settled in Orchard Hills in White Plains. Their son, Joseph J., is the oldest of three DioGuardi children. After the family's move to Westchester, he attended Fordham Preparatory School. In 1957, he landed a summer job as a busboy for Elmwood Country Club in Westchester County. He advanced to a waiter position..
DioGuardi graduated from Fordham University in 1962. After college, he was hired at Arthur Andersen & Co.. He became a Certified Public Accountant and achieved partner status at age 31, after 10 years at the firm. DioGuardi specialized in federal and state taxation for non-profit organizations, as well as the tax economics of charitable giving.
U.S. House of Representatives
Incumbent Democrat U.S. Congressman Richard Ottinger of New York's 20th congressional district decided to retire in 1984. The Democratic leaning district had a sizable minority population in the cities of Mount Vernon, Yonkers and New Rochelle. DioGuardi decided to run as a Republican and defeated Oren Teicher 50%-48%.
DioGuardi ran for re-election to a third term and lost to Nita Lowey, the Assistant Secretary of State, 50%-47%. During the campaign, the Gannett-owned Gannett Suburban Newspapers accused one of the Westchester area's largest car dealers, Crabtree Automotive, of skirting federal election laws by funneling US$50,000 into DioGuardi's campaign. The New York Times reported: "Several employees explained in interviews that they were given $2,000 each in company checks and were asked to deposit them into their own bank accounts and then write personal checks for the same amount to the DioGuardi campaign. Joseph Crabtree, the company's chief executive, and his son Robert, the company's president, served on the campaign's finance committee." The Democratic Congressional Campaign Committee filed a complaint with the Federal Elections Commission and Mr. Crabtree resigned from the campaign. DioGuardi steadfastly denied the charges and his campaign also filed its own complaint with the State Board of Elections that argued, contrary to his opponent's commercial, that the employees in question put funds in a separate "People For DioGuardi" campaign account as required by state law.
Incumbent Republican U.S. Congressman Hamilton Fish IV of the neighboring New York's 19th congressional district decided to retire in 1994. DioGuardi ran and lost the six candidate Republican primary to Sue W. Kelly 23%-20%. DioGuardi ran in the general election as the Conservative Party nominee. Kelly won the general election with 52% of the vote. Hamilton Fish V, the Democratic nominee, ranked second with 37%, DioGuardi ranked third with 10%, and Catherine Portman-Laux ranked last with 1% of the vote.
DioGuardi challenged Kelly in a rematch in 1996 and lost 53%-42%. He ran in the general election on the lines of the Conservative Party and the Right-to-Life Party. He got 12% in third place, while Kelly won re-election with 46% of the vote.
In 2000 DioGuardi launched a bid to run as the Conservative Party challenger for the 2000 Senate race as a consequence of Rudy Giuliani not running on the line. Giuliani was asked to renounce his Liberal Party endorsement, which he refused to do, hence the decision of Conservative Party Chairman Mike Long to initiate DioGuardi's campaign. DioGuardi ended this bid after Giuliani ended his campaign, and the Conservative line was given to Congressman Rick Lazio, the new Republican candidate.
After Democrat John Hall defeated Kelly in 2006, DioGuardi decided to run against Hall in 2008. In May 2008, Republican held a convention in Mahopac, New York with delegates from each of the five counties to endorse a candidate and nominate their candidate. Kieran Michael Lalor won the convention vote with 46% of the vote, while DioGuardi finished last with 13% of the vote.
He was the original author of the Chief Financial Officer and Federal Financial Reform Act (CFO Act), signed by President George H.W. Bush in 1990. The act mandated the assignment of a Chief Financial Officer to each major department and agency of the U.S. government. Former Comptroller General of the United States Charles Bowsher later said in testimony before the U.S. Senate that since the enactment of the bill, "We have seen important progress in directly confronting serious financial management weaknesses." 
Of the 1.55 million Black American military servicemen, not one had received the Medal of Honor. DioGuardi and Democratic Congressman Mickey Leland initiated legislation to confer the honor on Black World War I and World War II military heroes who had been recommended for, but had not received, the medal. Nine Medals of Honor have since been awarded.
DioGuardi was an active member of the Executive Committee of the Congressional Human Rights Caucus (CHRC) and worked with Caucus founder Tom Lantos (D-CA) on apartheid in South Africa, and on the repression of Jews in the Soviet Union and the Tibetan people and monks in China.
He founded and co-chaired the Congressional Long Island Sound and Hudson River Caucuses, which secured substantial increases in federal support. He co-founded with Congressman Jerrold Nadler the New York Task Force for Port, Rail and Industrial Development in order to restore lost jobs to New York's manufacturing and transportation sectors and preserve a portion of the Port of New York on the New York side of the harbor.
In 1989, DioGuardi founded a non-profit organization that is known as Truth in Government. According to its website, "the mission of Truth in Government is to strengthen our country's financial foundation by promoting accountability and transparency in Congressional spending and reporting."
In 1992, DioGuardi authored the book Unaccountable Congress: It Doesn't Add Up, published by Regnery. The book was re-released in 2010 with a new introduction that claimed to explain the chronology of events leading to the financial crisis of 2008.
2010 U.S. Senate election
On March 16, 2010, DioGuardi announced at Grand Central Terminal in New York City that he was seeking the Republican nomination for the U.S. Senate seat held by incumbent Democratic Senator Kirsten Gillibrand. Gillibrand had been appointed to the seat by Gov. Paterson after it was vacated by Hillary Clinton. DioGuardi pledged to raise over US$10 million in his campaign. He secured the nomination for U.S. Senate from the Conservative Party of New York on May 28, 2010, but did not secure enough votes from the New York Republican party contingencies at their state convention on June 2 to appear on the Republican line in the New York primary race on September 14. On August 9, the New York Board of Elections officially certified DioGuardi's qualification for the September 14th GOP primary.
DioGuardi narrowly defeated David Malpass in the primary election (with Bruce Blakeman finishing distant third), securing the Republican line in the general election. He also, after the primary, secured the line of the nascent Taxpayers Party of New York when Malpass stepped aside.
Prior to the election, DioGuardi was linked to a US$1.7 billion Ponzi scheme by the SEC. From 2007 to 2009, the former Westchester Republican congressman was paid US$5,000 a month as a consultant for the subsidiary Medical Capital Corp. - and also got US$16,000 a year to sit on boards of various other MCH subsidiaries. DioGuardi said he was oblivious to any wrongdoing. "As a consultant, Joe was tasked with saving hospitals in New York from being shut down, but knew nothing of the schemes that were occurring behind the scenes," said his spokesman Brian Hummell, adding that his boss "has never seen the books." 
DioGuardi lost the general election to Gillibrand, 63.0% to 35.1%.
DioGuardi lives in Ossining, New York, with his wife, Shirley Cloyes DioGuardi. His first wife, Carol, died in 1997 of ovarian cancer. His son John is a counselor at the Phoenix House, a national non-profit drug treatment organization on whose board Joseph has served since 1972. His daughter Kara DioGuardi is a songwriter and artist who has appeared as a judge on the American Idol show, and has also been involved in Phoenix House.
- National Library Service for the Blind and Physically Handicapped. Say How? A Pronunciation Guide to Names of Public Figures.
- "DioGUARDI, Joseph J. - Biographical Information". Bioguide.congress.gov. 1989-01-03. Retrieved 2010-09-14.
- Albanian American Civic League Board of Directors (1999-04-27). "Albanian American Civic League Board of Directors | Albanian American Civic League". Blog.aacl.com. Archived from the original on 2010-09-02. Retrieved 2010-09-14.
- "Albanian Information". Albanian.com. Retrieved 2010-09-14.
- "THE JOURNAL NEWS: Obituaries". Nyjnews.com. Archived from the original on 2011-07-14. Retrieved 2010-09-14.
- "Biography - Joe DioGuardi - Candidate for U.S. Senate - New York". Dioguardiforussenate.com. Archived from the original on August 28, 2010. Retrieved 2010-09-14.
- Lena Williams (1984-11-08). "Dioguardi Appears Victor, But Teicher Won'T Concede". New York State; Westchester County (Ny): NYTimes.com. Retrieved 2010-09-14.
- New York Times
- LISA W. FODERARO, Special to the New York Times (1988-10-22). "Candidates in Westchester Sting Each Other in a Heated Campaign". New York State; Westchester County (Ny): NYTimes.com. Retrieved 2010-09-14.
- The Lowey-DioGuardi Rematch, by JAMES FERON, The New York Times, 25 October 1992
- 3-Way Contest in the 19th After All, by ELSA BRENNER, The New York Times, 23 October 1994
- G.O.P. Divided As Two Battle For Congress, by DONNA GREENE, The New York Times, 21 July 1996
- Kelly Defeats DioGuardi In Republican Primary, by DONNA GREENE, 15 September 1996
- "It’s Lalor against Hall in the 19th Congressional District". Mid-Hudson News. May 23, 2008.
- Unaccountable Congress, It Doesn't Add Up by Joseph DioGuardi, Regnery Gateway 1992
- "More Blacks Deserve Honors as War Heroes - Letter". NYTimes.com. 1997-01-21. Retrieved 2010-09-14.
- NAFTALI BENDAVID; States News Service (1988-03-20). "Saving a Study to Save the Sound". Long Island Sound; United States: NYTimes.com. Retrieved 2010-09-14.
- MARK SULLIVAN States News Service (1987-05-17). "Congressmen Unite In Fight For Sound". New York State; Rhode Island; Long Island Sound; Connecticut: NYTimes.com. Retrieved 2010-09-14.
- Truth in Government website
- Oren, Yaniv. "Joe DioGuardi, dad of 'American Idol' judge Kara DioGuardi, announces run for Senate" New York Daily News March 17, 2010
- Saltonstall, David (2010-06-03). "NY GOP in a spin after standoff over who should fight Democrat Gillibrand". New York: Nydailynews.com. Retrieved 2010-09-14.
- "CERTIFICATION FOR THE SEPTEMBER 14, 2010 PRIMARY ELECTION" New York State Board of Elections. August 9, 2010 Archived January 15, 2016, at the Wayback Machine
- Lorentzen, Christian. "Casting Call for the Albanian Braveheart: a Senate Hopeful’s Hollywood Dream" New York Observer Daily Transom July 27, 2010 Archived August 31, 2010, at the Wayback Machine
- Lucadamo, Kathleen (2010-10-12). "Feds link GOP Senate hopeful Joe DioGuardi to Ponzi firm". Daily News. New York.
- People for DioGuardi – official campaign website
- USA Former Members of Congress profile
- Joseph Dioguardi DioGuardi family website.
- Kosova's Last Chance
- DioGuardi and Cloyes get Kosovo Bill HR 36 introduced early in the 110th Congress
- New York's Kosovo Kingpin
- A Congressional Race Turns Into a Grudge Match
- Lowey Victory: Anatomy Of an Upset
- Kelly Defeats DioGuardi In Republican Primary
- Appearances on C-SPAN
|U.S. House of Representatives|
| Member of the U.S. House of Representatives
from New York's 20th congressional district
Nita M. Lowey