John David Ray (born 22 December 1945) is a British Egyptologist and academic. He is the current Sir Herbert Thompson Professor of Egyptology at the University of Cambridge. His principal field of interest covers the Late and Hellenistic periods of Egypt, with special reference to documents in the demotic script, and he is also known for deciphering the Carian script, a writing system used by Anatolian mercenaries who fought for the late-period Egyptians.
Ray was born on 22 December 1945. He was educated at Latymer Upper School, an independent school in London. He went on to study at Trinity Hall, Cambridge. He graduated Bachelor of Arts (BA), later promoted to Master of Arts (MA Cantab). While at Cambridge, he was awarded the Thomas Young Medal for 'outstanding distinction in any branch of oriental archaeology'.
Following his graduation from university, Ray spent some of 1970 working at the British Museum as a research assistant in the Department of Egyptian Antiquities. He then joined the University of Birmingham, where he was a Lecture in Egyptology from 1970 to 1977. In 1977, he joined the University of Cambridge as a Reader in Egyptology. In 1979, he was elected a Fellow of Selwyn College in addition to his university post. He was promoted to Professor and appointed to the Sir Herbert Thompson Chair in Egyptology in 2005.
- Reflections of Osiris: lives from ancient Egypt (Oxford University Press, 2002, ISBN 978-0-19-515871-7)
- The Rosetta Stone and the Rebirth of Ancient Egypt (Harvard University Press, 2007, ISBN 978-0-674-02493-9).
- "John David RAY". People of Today. Debrett's. Archived from the original on 24 September 2015. Retrieved 1 August 2014.
- "Thomas Young Medal". Statutes and Ordinances of the University of Cambridge. University of Cambridge. Retrieved 1 August 2014.
- "Prof. John Ray". Division of Archaeology. University of Cambridge. Retrieved 2 August 2014.
- "RAY, Professor John". British Academy Fellows. British Academy. Archived from the original on 8 August 2014. Retrieved 1 August 2014.
- "Senior Members of Selwyn College". Selwyn College. Retrieved 2 August 2014.
- "Professor John Ray". Guest Speaker Details. Noble Caledonia. Retrieved 2 August 2014.
- "Fellows Directory - R". Society of Antiquaries of London. Retrieved 2 August 2014.
- Reviewed in The Guardian, and Times Higher Education.
- Reviewed in The Times, The Washington Post, and New Scientist.
- Ray's Cambridge web page