John Isaiah Brauman

Summary

John Isaiah Brauman (born September 7, 1937) is an American chemist.

John Isaiah Brauman
Born (1937-09-07) September 7, 1937 (age 84)
United States
Alma materMassachusetts Institute of Technology
University of California
OccupationChemist
AwardsACS Award in pure chemistry (1973)
Harrison Howe Award (1976)
ACS Arthur C. Cope Scholar Award (1986)
ACS James Flack Norris Award (1986)
Linus Pauling Award (2002)
National Medal of Science (2002)
Willard Gibbs Award (2003)
Websitechemistry.stanford.edu/people/john-brauman

BiographyEdit

John Brauman was born in Pittsburgh on September 7, 1937.[1] Brauman graduated from Taylor Allderdice High School in 1955.[2] He obtained a bachelor's degree in 1959 from Massachusetts Institute of Technology and a Ph.D. from University of California at Berkeley in 1963.[3] He is married to Sharon K Brauman, also a chemist. Their daughter, Kate Brauman is the lead scientist for the Global Water Initiative at the University of Minnesota's Institute on the Environment.

On October 29, 2003 George W. Bush awarded the National Medal of Science to John Brauman, who at that time was the J.G. Jackson and C.J. Wood Professor of Chemistry at Stanford University.[1] His research there concerns how molecules react and the factors that determine the rates and products of chemical reactions. The main areas of research involve the spectroscopy, photochemistry, reaction dynamics, and reaction mechanisms of ions in the gas phase.[3]

Awards and honorsEdit

WorksEdit

Examples of Professor Brauman's publications include:[3]

  • E.A. Brinkman; S. Berger; J. Marks; J.I. Brauman (1993). "Molecular Rotation and the Observation of Dipole-Bound States of Anions". Journal of Chemical Physics. J. Chem. Phys. 99 (10): 7586–7594. Bibcode:1993JChPh..99.7586B. doi:10.1063/1.465688.
  • S.L. Craig; J.I. Brauman (1997). "Perturbed Equilibria and Statistical Energy Redistribution in a Gas Phase SN2 Reaction". Science. 276 (5318): 1536–1538. doi:10.1126/science.276.5318.1536.
  • B.C. Römer; J.I. Brauman (1997). "Electron Photodetachment Spectroscopy of (E)- and (Z)-Propionaldehyde Enolate Anions. Electron Affinities of the Stereoisomers of Propionaldehyde Enolate Radicals". 119. J. Am. Chem. Soc.: 2054–2055. {{cite journal}}: Cite journal requires |journal= (help)
  • M.L. Chabinyc; S.L. Craig; C.K. Regan; J.I. Brauman (1998). "Gas-Phase Ionic Reactions: Dynamics and Mechanism of Nucleophilic Displacements". Science. 279 (5358): 1882–1886. Bibcode:1998Sci...279.1882C. doi:10.1126/science.279.5358.1882. PMID 9506930.
  • M.L. Chabinyc; J.I. Brauman (1998). "Acidity, Basicity, and the Stability of Hydrogen Bonds: Complexes of RO- + HCF3". 120. J. Am. Chem. Soc.: 10863–10870. {{cite journal}}: Cite journal requires |journal= (help)
  • S.L. Craig; M. Zhong; J.I. Brauman (1999). "Translational Energy Dependence and Potential Energy Surfaces of Gas Phase SN2 and Addition-Elimination Reactions". 121. J. Am. Chem. Soc.: 11790–11797. {{cite journal}}: Cite journal requires |journal= (help)
  • S.L. Craig; J.I. Brauman (1999). "Intramolecular Microsolvation of SN2 Transition States". 121. J. Am. Chem. Soc.: 6690–6699. {{cite journal}}: Cite journal requires |journal= (help)
  • M.L. Chabinyc; J.I. Brauman (2000). "Hydrogen Bonded Complexes of Methanol and Acetylides. Structure and Energy Correlations". 122. J. Am. Chem. Soc.: 5371–5378. {{cite journal}}: Cite journal requires |journal= (help)
  • G.A. Janaway; J.I. Brauman (2000). "Direct Observation of Spin Forbidden Proton Transfer Reactions: 3NO- + HA ->1HNO + A". 104. J. Phys. Chem. A: 1795–1798. {{cite journal}}: Cite journal requires |journal= (help)

ReferencesEdit

  1. ^ a b "John Brauman wins 2002 National Medal of Science". Stanford Report. October 29, 2003. Retrieved June 17, 2013.
  2. ^ The Allderdice. Seniors: John I. Brauman: Taylor Allderdice High School. 1955. p. 46.
  3. ^ a b c d e "Biography". Stanford University. Archived from the original on April 1, 2013. Retrieved June 17, 2013.
  4. ^ "National Medal of Science Recipient Details". National Science Foundation. Retrieved June 17, 2013.
  5. ^ Wang, Linda (June 13, 2016). "John Brauman receives Parsons Award Stanford chemist honored for exceptional public service". Chemical & Engineering News. Retrieved 29 January 2018.

External linksEdit

  • John Isaiah Brauman
  • Interviews with John Brauman