Jordan Edgar Cravens
|Member of the U.S. House of Representatives|
from Arkansas's 3rd district
March 4, 1877 – March 3, 1883
|Preceded by||William W. Wilshire|
|Succeeded by||John H. Rogers|
|Born||November 7, 1830|
|Died||April 8, 1914 (aged 83)|
Fort Smith, Arkansas
|Political party||Independent Democrat Democratic|
|Spouse(s)||Emma Batson Cravens|
|Allegiance||Confederate States of America|
|Branch/service||Confederate States Army|
|Years of service||1861 to 1865|
|Unit||1st Arkansas Consolidated Infantry Regiment (Trans-Mississippi)|
Born in Fredericktown, Missouri, Cravens was the son of Nehemiah and Sophia Thompson Cravens. He moved with his father to Arkansas the following year, and attended the common schools. He was graduated from the Cane Hill Academy at Boonsboro (now Canehill), Washington County, Arkansas, in 1850. He studied law and was admitted to the bar in 1854. He commenced practice in Clarksville, Arkansas, and served as member of the State house of representatives in 1860. He married Emma Batson and they had five children, Jeane, Jane, Felix, Sallie, and Samuella. Emma Batson's father was Felix Ives Batson an Arkansas Supreme Court judge who during the American Civil War, represented the First Congressional District of northwest Arkansas in the First Confederate Congress and the Second Confederate Congress House of Representatives.
Cravens entered the Confederate States Army in 1861 as a private in Company C, 17th Arkansas Infantry Regiment (Lemoyne's). When that regiment underwent consolidation in May 1862, Cravens was elected Colonel of the new unit: the 21st Arkansas Infantry Regiment. The 21st Arkansas was surrendered, at Vicksburg, Mississippi, on July 4, 1863. After being declared exchanged, on September 12, 1863, Cravens' unit was consolidated with the 14th Powers' Arkansas, 15th (Northwest) Arkansas, and the 16th Arkansas, to form a new unit: the 1st Arkansas Consolidated Infantry Regiment (Trans-Mississippi) Department. He was named colonel of the new organization.
At the close of hostilities of the Civil War, Cravens returned to Clarksville where he served as prosecuting attorney of Johnson County in 1865 and 1866 and then as member of the State senate from 1866 until 1868. Cravens was elected as an Independent Democrat to the Forty-fifth Congress and then reelected as a Democrat to the Forty-sixth and Forty-seventh Congresses serving from March 4, 1877 until March 3, 1883. He was an unsuccessful candidate for renomination in 1882 to the Forty-eighth Congress. He then resumed the practice of law in Clarksville, Arkansas and served as judge of the circuit court from 1890 until 1894.
- "Jordan E. Cravens". Biographical Directory of the United States Congress. Retrieved 21 June 2013.
- "Jordan E. Cravens". Children of Nehemiah Cravens & Sophia Thompson. Retrieved 21 June 2013.
- Langford, Ella Molley (1921). Johnson County, Arkansas: the First Hundred Years. Clarksville, AR: Clarksville Historical Society. p. 173.
- "Jordan E. Cravens". Govtrack US Congress. Retrieved 20 June 2013.
- "Jordan E. Cravens". The Political Graveyard. Retrieved 21 June 2013.
- United States Congress. "Jordan E. Cravens (id: C000885)". Biographical Directory of the United States Congress. Retrieved on 2009-05-13
- "Jordan E. Cravens". Find a Grave. Retrieved 2009-05-13.
This article incorporates public domain material from the Biographical Directory of the United States Congress website http://bioguide.congress.gov.
|U.S. House of Representatives|
| Member of the U.S. House of Representatives
from Arkansas's 3rd congressional district
Thomas M. Gunter