Joseph Marmaduke Pratt

Summary

Joseph Marmaduke Pratt (September 4, 1891 – July 19, 1946) was a Republican member of the U.S. House of Representatives from Pennsylvania.

Joseph M. Pratt
Rep Joseph M Pratt.jpg
Pratt in 1944
Member of the U.S. House of Representatives
from Pennsylvania's 2nd district
In office
February 8, 1944 – January 3, 1945
Preceded byJames P. McGranery
Succeeded byWilliam T. Granahan
Personal details
Born
Joseph Marmaduke Pratt

(1891-09-04)September 4, 1891
Paterson, New Jersey, United States
DiedJuly 19, 1946(1946-07-19) (aged 54)
Washington, D.C., United States
Resting placeArlington Cemetery, Drexel Hill, Pennsylvania
Political partyRepublican
SpouseMiriam Pratt
Alma materTemple University
Occupation
  • Politician
  • businessman
Signature

Early lifeEdit

Joseph M. Pratt was born in Paterson, New Jersey, but moved with his parents to Philadelphia, Pennsylvania, in 1892. He graduated from Temple University in Philadelphia in 1919. He went into the business of manufacturing industrial and marine products. He was a member of the Republican City Committee of Philadelphia from 1937 to 1946.[1]

CongressEdit

Pratt was elected as a Republican to Congress to fill the vacancy caused by the resignation of James P. McGranery, defeating future congressman William A. Barrett.[2] He was inaugurated on February 8, 1944.[3] During his term, he was redistricted to the third district, where he was pitted against Democratic incumbent Michael J. Bradley for a full term in 1944. He lost the election and left office on January 3, 1945.[4]

Due to the nature of Pratt's tenure, he was in congress for less than a year, during which he participated in the 78th Congress. He voted 44 times, missing 10.7 percent of roll call votes. His voting record was generally conservative, but less so than the median Republican, as he voted with his party 84 percent of the time as opposed to the median Republican score of 88 percent.[5][6] His most notable vote was in favor of the 1944 G.I. Bill, which was signed into law by President Franklin D. Roosevelt on June 22, 1944.[7] During his tenure, Pratt served on one committee, the House War Claims Committee.[8]

Later life and deathEdit

He resumed his former business pursuits in Philadelphia, but jumped back into politics in 1946, receiving the Republican nomination for State Senator in Pennsylvania's second state senate district. However, he died in Washington, D.C., from a heart attack while on a business trip before the election was held. Pratt was interred in Arlington Cemetery in Upper Darby, Pennsylvania.[9]

Electoral historyEdit

Pennsylvania's 2nd congressional district: January 1944 special election[10]
Year Subject Party Votes % Opponent Party Votes %
1944 Joseph M. Pratt Republican 24,991 56.59 William A. Barrett Democratic 19,168 43.41
Pennsylvania's 3rd congressional district: November 1944 general election[11]
Year Subject Party Votes % Opponent Party Votes %
1944 Joseph M. Pratt (inc.) Republican 57,856 41.69 Michael J. Bradley (inc.) Democratic 80,920 58.31

SourcesEdit

  1. ^ "PRATT, Joseph Marmaduke", Biographical Directory of the United States Congress, retrieved August 8, 2022
  2. ^ "PA - District 02 - Special Election", OurCampaigns, retrieved August 8, 2022
  3. ^ "90 Cong. Rec. (Bound) - Volume 90, Part 1 (January 10, 1944 to February 8, 1944)", clerk.house.gov, retrieved August 8, 2022
  4. ^ "PA - District 03", OurCampaigns, retrieved August 8, 2022
  5. ^ "PRATT, Joseph Marmaduke (1891-1946)", VoteView, retrieved August 8, 2022
  6. ^ "Rep. Joseph Pratt", GovTrack, retrieved August 8, 2022
  7. ^ "78th Congress, House Vote 131", VoteView, retrieved August 8, 2022
  8. ^ "90 Cong. Rec. (Bound) - Volume 90, Part 2 (February 9, 1944 to March 21, 1944)", clerk.house.gov, retrieved August 8, 2022
  9. ^ "PRATT, Joseph Marmaduke", Biographical Directory of the United States Congress, retrieved August 8, 2022
  10. ^ "PA - District 02 - Special Election", OurCampaigns, retrieved August 8, 2022
  11. ^ "PA - District 03", OurCampaigns, retrieved August 8, 2022
U.S. House of Representatives
Preceded by Member of the U.S. House of Representatives
from Pennsylvania's 2nd congressional district

1944-1945
Succeeded by