|Church||Serbian Orthodox Church|
|Born||20 July 1785|
Lučani, Brinje, Kingdom of Croatia, Habsburg Monarchy
|Died||1 December 1861 (aged 76)|
Sremski Karlovci, Kingdom of Slavonia, Austrian Empire
|Occupation||Administrator of Serbian Vojvodina|
Josif Rajačić (20 July 1785 – 1 December 1861; Serbian Cyrillic: Јосиф Рајачић, also known as Josif Rajačić-Brinski) was a metropolitan of Sremski Karlovci, Serbian Patriarch, administrator of Serbian Vojvodina and baron.
Rajačić was born in Lučani, a former village near Brinje in Lika (then Habsburg Monarchy, today Croatia). He studied in Zagreb, Karlovci, Szeged and Vienna before dropping out to join the army in 1809 during the War of the Fifth Coalition. On 10 April 1810, he became a monk of the Serbian Orthodox Church in Gomirje Monastery.
At the May Assembly of Serbs in Sremski Karlovci in 1848, from the balcony of the Sremski Karlovci town hall, he was appointed Patriarch of the Serbs, while Stevan Šupljikac was chosen as the first Duke (Voivode) of Serbian Vojvodina. Apart from being a spiritual leader, Rajačić shared political and military leadership of Serbs at the time of war.
He became administrator of Serbian Vojvodina, and was head of the new Serb government (praviteljstvo) of Vojvodina. Rajačić formed an alliance with the House of Habsburg after being promised autonomy for opposing the 1848 Hungarian Revolution. After the Hungarians were defeated, Rajačić was nominated civil commissioner of Vojvodina by the Austrian Empire.
Rajačić assisted the educational development of the Serb people in the Austrian Empire. In the time when he was metropolitan of Sremski Karlovci, many new Serbian schools were opened. He opened the Patriarchal Library and Print Works. Rajačić spent much of his energy attempting to bring Vojvodina under Serbian administration. On 5 June 1848, on the day of Josip Jelačić's inauguration as Ban of Croatia, Jelačić was appointed Ban in the Patriarch's presence due to Juraj Haulik's current absence from Zagreb.
- Metropolitanate of Karlovci
- Rulers of Vojvodina
- History of Vojvodina
- History of Serbia
- Serbian Orthodox Church
- Ćirković, Sima (2004). The Serbs. Malden: Blackwell Publishing.
- Јован Савковић; Коста Петровић (1954). Патријарх Јосиф Рајачић у Српском покрету, 1848-1849. Државна архива АПВ-е.
- Dalmatinska Eparhija (2004). "JOSIF (Rajačić) patrijarh srpski (1848 - 1861)". Dalmatinska Eparhija. Archived from the original on 2016-11-14. Retrieved 2011-09-01.
- Drago M. Njegovan (2004). Prisajedinjenje Vojvodine Srbiji: prilog političkoj istoriji Srba u Vojvodini do 1921. godine. Muzej Vojvodine. ISBN 978-86-82077-30-5.
| Commissioner of Serbian Vojvodina
15 December 1848 – 1849
as Grand Duke
as Governor of the
Voivodeship of Serbia and
Banat of Temeschwar
|Eastern Orthodox Church titles|
Title last held byKalinik II
as Patriarch of Serbs
(Patriarch of Peć)
| Patriarch of Serbs
(Patriarchate of Karlovci)
1 May 1848 – 13 December 1861
| Metropolitan of Karlovci
|Raising to Patriarchate|
| Bishop of Vršac
| Bishop of Dalmatia