The Journal of Geophysical Research is a peer-reviewedscientific journal. It is the flagship journal of the American Geophysical Union. It contains original research on the physical, chemical, and biological processes that contribute to the understanding of the Earth, Sun, and solar system. It has seven sections: A (Space Physics), B (Solid Earth), C (Oceans), D (Atmospheres), E (Planets), F (Earth Surface), and G (Biogeosciences). All current and back issues are available online for subscribers.
The journal was originally founded under the name Terrestrial Magnetism by the American Geophysical Union's president Louis Agricola Bauer in 1896. It was renamed to Terrestrial Magnetism and Atmospheric Electricity in 1899 and in 1948 it acquired its current name. In 1980, three specialized sections were established: A: Space Physics, B: Solid Earth, and C: Oceans. Subsequently, further sections have been added: D: Atmospheres in 1984,E: Planets in 1991,F: Earth Surface in 2003, and G: Biogeosciences in 2005.
The scopes of the current seven sections, published as separate issues, are:
C: Oceans covers physical, biological, and chemical oceanography.
D: Atmospheres covers atmospheric properties and processes, including the interaction of the atmosphere with other components of the Earth system.
E: Planets covers the geology, geophysics, geochemistry, atmospheres, biology, and dynamics of the planets, satellites, asteroids, rings, comets, and meteorites; planetary origins; and planetary detection. Studies of the Earth are included when they concern exogenic effects or the comparison of the Earth to other planets.
G: Biogeosciences focuses on the interface between biology and the geosciences and attempts to understand the functions of the Earth system across multiple spatial and temporal scales.
Each of the sections has one or more editors who are appointed by and serve at the pleasure of the President of the American Geophysical Union for terms of three to four years. Each editor can in turn appoint associate editors.
According to the Editor-in-Chief of JGR-Space Physics, "With the switch to Wiley, the separate sections of JGR were given distinct ISSN numbers. This means that in a couple of years, each section of JGR will have its own Impact Factor."
Among the most highly cited papers in the Journal of Geophysical Research (with over 1000 citations each) are:
Cande, D. V.; Kent, S. C. (1995). "Revised calibration of the geomagnetic polarity timescale for the Late Cretaceous and Cenozoic". Journal of Geophysical Research. 100 (B4): 6093–6095. Bibcode:1995JGR...100.6093C. doi:10.1029/94JB03098.
Brune, J. N. (1970). "Tectonic stress and the spectra of seismic shear Waves from earthquakes". Journal of Geophysical Research. 75 (26): 4997–5009. Bibcode:1970JGR....75.4997B. doi:10.1029/JB075i026p04997.
Parsons, B.; Sclater, J. G. (1982). "Analysis of variation of ocean-floor bathymetry and heat-flow with age". Journal of Geophysical Research. 82 (5): 803–827. Bibcode:1977JGR....82..803P. doi:10.1029/JB082i005p00803.
Minster, J. B.; Jordan, T. H. (1983). "Present-day plate motions". Journal of Geophysical Research. 83 (NB11): 5331–5354. Bibcode:1978JGR....83.5331M. doi:10.1029/JB083iB11p05331. hdl:2060/19780016766.
Alex Guenther, C. Nicholas Hewitt, David Erickson, Ray Fall, Chris Geron, Tom Graedel, Peter Harley, Lee Klinger, Manuel Lerdau, W. A. Mckay, Tom Pierce, Bob Scholes, Rainer Steinbrecher, Raja Tallamraju, John Taylor, and Pat Zimmerman (1995). "A global model of natural volatile organic compound emissions". Journal of Geophysical Research. 100 (D5): 8873–8892. Bibcode:1995JGR...100.8873G. doi:10.1029/94JD02950.CS1 maint: uses authors parameter (link)
Kennel, C. F.; Petschek, H. E. (1966). "Limit on stably trapped particle fluxes". Journal of Geophysical Research. 71 (1): 1–28. Bibcode:1966JGR....71....1K. doi:10.1029/JZ071i001p00001. hdl:2060/19660001589.
Birch, F. (1952). "Elasticity and constitution of the Earth interior". Journal of Geophysical Research. 57 (2): 227–286. Bibcode:1952JGR....57..227B. doi:10.1029/JZ057i002p00227.
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