Judicial activism in India


The Supreme Court of India (Hindi: भारत का सर्वोच्च न्यायालय) is the highest judicial forum and the final court of appeal of India, established under the Constitution of India, according to which the Supreme Court is the highest constitutional court and acts as the guardian of the Constitution. India has an integrated and yet independent judiciary.[1]

Supreme Court of India
भारत का उच्चतम न्यायालय
Emblem of the Supreme Court of India.svg
Seal of the Supreme Court
Established28 January 1950
LocationTilak Marg, New Delhi, India, 110 021
Coordinates28°37′20″N 77°14′23″E / 28.622237°N 77.239584°E / 28.622237; 77.239584Coordinates: 28°37′20″N 77°14′23″E / 28.622237°N 77.239584°E / 28.622237; 77.239584
Mottoयतो धर्मस्ततो जयः॥ Whence law (dharma), thence victory.
Composition methodCollegium System (Qualifications imposed)[clarification needed]
Authorized byConstitution of India
Judge term length65 years of age
Number of positions34 (33 + 1)
Chief Justice of India
CurrentlyNuthalapati Venkata Ramana
Since3 October 2018
Lead position ends17 November 2019

Since independence, the judiciary has played a very active role in dispensing justice; beginning with the A. K. Gopalan v. State of Madras case (1950) and the Shankari Prasad case, etc. The judiciary remained submissive until the 1960s, with the modern trend of judicial activism beginning in 1973 when the Allahabad High Court rejected the candidature of Indira Gandhi in State of Uttar Pradesh v. Raj Narain. The introduction of public interest litigation by Justice V.R. Krishna Iyer further expanded its scope.[2]


  1. ^ Nidhi Gupta (4 April 2017). "Judicial activism v. Judicial Adventurism". LawJi.in. Retrieved 18 November 2018.
  2. ^ T. R. Andhyarujina, "Disturbing trends in judicial activism", The Hindu, 6 August 2012 Retrieved 21 December 2019

External linksEdit

  • Official website  
  • Supreme Court Reports
  • Text of all Indian Supreme Court judgments
  • Indian Kanoon