K. K. Birla


Krishna Kumar Birla (12 October 1918 – 30 August 2008) was an Indian industrialist of the Birla family.

K. K. Birla
Birla on a 2009 stamp of India
Member of Parliament, Rajya Sabha
In office
Personal details
Born(1918-10-12)12 October 1918
Pilani, Rajasthan, British India
Died30 August 2008(2008-08-30) (aged 89)
Kolkata, West Bengal, India
Political partyIndian National Congress
SpouseManorama Devi
ChildrenNandini Nopany
Jyotsna Poddar
Shobhana Bhartia

Biography Edit

Born at Pilani in the northwestern Indian state Rajasthan on 11 November 1918, Krishna Kumar Birla was the second son of Ghanshyam Das Birla. He had one older brother, Lakshmi Niwas Birla, who was the son of Ghanshyam Das Birla by his deceased first wife, Durga Devi Birla. Krishna Kumar was the elder of the two sons born to Ghanshyam Das Birla's second wife, Mahadevi Birla, the other son being Basant Kumar Birla, father of Aditya Vikram Birla. Krishna Kumar also had three sisters, all of whom were born to Mahadevi Birla.

Birla's birthday coincided with the Hindu festival of Gopashtami, which is associated with the Hindu god Krishna and thus led to the selection of his name.

Krishna Kumar's father, Ghanshyam Das Birla, was the founder of the Birla Group and he was one of India's richest businessmen. He was also a staunch follower of Mahatma Gandhi and a major financier of Gandhi's Congress Party in the years preceding and immediately following the Independence of India in 1947.[1] Krishna Kumar joined Congress Party in 1984 as a life member. He was elected as a Rajya Sabha member in the same year, under the leadership of Indira Gandhi. He was a Member of Parliament for three terms from 1984 to 2002, and served on several committees of Parliament. He was appointed twice, in 1980 and 2004, as a member of the National Integration Council chaired by the prime minister.[2]

Birla was one of the industrialists who supported economic reforms in India in 1991.[3]

Birla was a Hindi Prabhakar (Honours in Hindi) and in 1997 was conferred the degree of Doctor of Letters (Honoris Causa) by Pondicherry University. In 1991, Birla established the K.K. Birla Foundation to promote Hindi literature.

He was the chairman of one of the Hindustan Times. He was on the central board of the State Bank of India and ICICI. He headed the Federation of Indian Chambers of Commerce and Industries (FICCI), the Indian Sugar Mills Association and many Sports Federations. Birla was the group chairman of the Zuari-Chambal group of companies. He was also the Chairman of Zuari-Chambal-Paradeep.

He liked playing bridge. He was president of the Bridge Federation of India for a number of years and also headed the Indian Lawn Tennis Association.[4]

Personal life Edit

Krishna was married to Manorama Devi for 67 years until her death on 29 July 2008. She came from the same caste and similar background to him, and the couple did not meet prior to their wedding day, as is traditional in Indian arranged marriages. Birla himself died a month after his wife, on 30 August 2008, a few weeks short of his 90th birthday. His death occurred at his residence, Birla Park in Kolkata, where he had lived almost his entire life, and the cause was given as age-related ailments and pneumonia. He was grief-stricken by the death of his wife. The couple were survived by three daughters.[5][6][7]

Legacy Edit

  • His net worth was estimated at 11,000 crore in 2008
  • After the demise of Birla, his son-in-law Saroj Kumar Poddar took over as the chairman of Zuari-Chambal-Paradeep fertilizer combines.
  • The textiles and sugar business is now headed by Nandini Nopany, eldest daughter of Birla and Chandra Shekhar Nopany, grandson of Birla.
  • The Media group, Hindustan Times Media, is now chaired by his daughter Shobhana Bhartia, Member of Parliament.
  • Kumar Mangalam Birla, Chairman-Aditya Birla Group and grand nephew of Birla, took over as the Chancellor of BITS Pilani.
  • K. K. Birla Lane in New Delhi is named for him.
  • BITS Pilani, K K Birla Goa campus is named after him.

See also Edit

References Edit

  1. ^ "K K Birla a leader of Indian Business". New York Times. 3 September 2008.
  2. ^ "Krishna Kumar Birla". Penguin Books India. Retrieved 10 September 2014.
  3. ^ K.K. Birla was among the few who supported reforms in 1991: PM; The Hindu, 13 December 2007
  4. ^ "Family came first". Telegraph India. 31 August 2008. Archived from the original on 15 September 2008. Retrieved 10 September 2014.
  5. ^ "K K Birla Indian Leader". NY Times. 2 September 2008. Retrieved 10 September 2014.
  6. ^ Noted industrialist K K Birla dies at 90; Zee News, 31 August 2008
  7. ^ Fact file: Dr KK Birla; Hindustan Times, 30 August 2008

Hindu College, University of Delhi